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Election Security: International Norms and Threat Actors

Case-Studies in Defending Democracy

Research Report

In 2018, the GRG program conducted an extensive review of current cybersecurity and election security practices around the world for Microsoft’s Digital Democracy Project. The multi-sectioned report included country and region-specific briefings that overviewed current best practices and challenges to international election security. The research team’s language and area experts then formulated two follow up briefs that overviewed strategic threat actors using geopolitical analysis and recommendations for implementable strategies to ensure quick and timely response to election security cyberthreats.

GRG Election Security Reports

Faculty Lead


Jessica L. Beyer

Assistant Teaching Professor

Senior Research Fellows

  • Megan Zebert-Judd
  • Grant Dailey
  • Donghui Park

Research Fellows

  • Binh Truong
  • Sarah Sanguinet
  • Shannon Pierson
  • Rishi Paramesh
  • Connor Herriford
  • Elizabeth Mayer



Microsoft - Global Security Strategy & Diplomacy

This publication was made possible in part by a grant from Carnegie Corporation of New York. The statements made and views expressed are solely the responsibility of the author.