As knowledgeable area experts, the Space Security Initiative (SSI) Junior Fellows briefed members of the US-Japan Space Forum on their policy-relevant findings for the major space powers below. The lively Q&A session also raised issues about the rise of Asia and its political and economic impact across the Pacific.
- China’s space industry will open up for private investors.
- China will invest heavily in civil-use space infrastructure and encourage the transfer of military-use space technology to civil-use.
- China will partially privatize state-owned space enterprises.
- Over the last decade, India has been incorporating strategic components in its space program that has traditionally been about developing technological capabilities.
- India’s space policies though, developed intermittently over four decades ago, address only goals of national development, and fail to incorporate emerging strategic and commercial aspects.
- A comprehensive space policy assimilating strategic goals for the space program will ensure India’s inclusion in the global regime, attract talent, help develop better technology, and encourage participation of private players.
- South Korea’s space policy aims for security independence vis-a-vis North Korea.
- South Korea’s space development is mostly driven by the government’s concern with national security issues.
- South Korea’s space program has grown rapidly in developing and launching surveillance satellites.
- Japan is aiming to develop small satellites into a viable new economic sector.
- Current satellite databases indicate that Japan likely produces between 3~5% of the world’s small satellites, but the underlying data needs to be updated in light on new production realities.
- Japan needs to move away from the mentality of experimentation with small satellites, and toward active commercialization if it hopes to succeed in this market niche.
- The US government has begun to focus more intently on small satellites for technological, financial, and strategic reasons.
- Private firms have begun to develop and deploy both small satellites and launch capabilities.
- The US government increasingly focuses on exploiting these private advancements for security reasons.
- Israel uses space as an avenue for financial growth.
- The investment in the civil space industry is part of Israel’s nation branding effort as a “start-up” nation.
- Military needs dictate priorities and ultimately decide which project will be funded.