Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS-Gredeg
The Pertinence of the Hypothesis "Knowledge Based Economy in Azerbaijan": Case Study Oil Sector
The rapid and accelerating pace of change means it is urgent for Caucasian countries to act together and urgently to harness the full benefits of the opportunities presented. Regarding Azerbaijan, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the economy seems to experience many changes both in structure and in the concept. Since independence, the country has experienced many political orientations, economic and social view of its unstable environment. First, the government could attract foreign investment through the "Contract of the Century", the Operating Agreement of Azeri oil resources by European companies, U.S. and Russia, bringing a strong guarantee of its future development. Discussions on the diversification of the economy and sustainable development led to a new perspective from the part of many governments and international organizations in Baku. The government announced on ICT as its second priority after the oil sector and has set a goal of equalizing income between these two sectors by 2020. Largely based on the American and European model, adding the support of several international organizations and EU, Azerbaijan wants to catch up with the European average life and become a leader in the Transcaucasia region. This vision, based on creating an Azerbaijani knowledge society would fight against poverty and raise the employment rate while improving the country's competitiveness both regionally and globally. The Knowledge-based Azerbaijan sees future Azerbaijan as a knowledge-based society in which scientific research directed at finding new knowledge, application of knowledge and skills, and developing human capital will have become the source of growth and competitiveness of the economy, labour, and quality of life. Theoretically, this approach can lead to a positive result, but the fundamental question needs to be studied in depth to what areas the Azerbaijani economy has to specialize, she would invest in high tech products and services, in medium tech, or "low tech" pursuing the tradition. So, the thesis project will aim to investigate critically and in detail the relevance of the approach based on the knowledge driven economy for Azerbaijan with the case study of Oil Sector mesuring the knowledge transfer among different actors. Given that the subject no study has been done before, the question would have important implications.