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Following, our faculty research and teachings is a focus on some of the Center’s most innovative courses, many of which take students to Canada as part of a true “field” experience. Research on Canada at the UW is exceptional, including projects that span from documentaries about First Nations to food security, border issues, public health, endangered aboriginal languages, etc. Please see below for articles by our Affiliates on their most current research grants and projects and courses, their impact on the students, and the innovative faculty that have truly internationalized the UW student experience.
Charles Emlet won the award, Fulbright Visiting Research Chair in Science and the Environment at McMaster University. Charles is currently working on a research project called, “Understanding the Lived Experiences of Older Adults Living with HIV in Ontario, Canada: An Examination of Strengths and Resilience in a Vulnerable Population”. This project will examine the lived experiences of older, HIV-positive Canadians through in-depth qualitative interviews. The Fulbright program will run from approximately February - May, 2013.
Urban Design Students Field Course to Québec
Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture
Arctic Change! A New Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Class for University of Washington
Center and Kentridge High School Partnership Builds Canadian Content in Advanced Placement Courses
Center Partners with Foster School of Business to Enhance Canadian Content in International Business Courses
Language preservation and use among First Nations children of the Cowichan tribe in British Columbia
Comparing US-Canada Border Regions
Anne Goodchild and Matt Klein, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Building a Green Recovery: EU-US-Canada Contemporary Policy Challenges, International Study Program
Tiffany Grobelski, Geography
Linguistics Symposium on Romance Languages
Julia Herschensohn, Chair, Linguistics
Managing the Canada-U.S. Border
Anne Goodchild, Civil and Environmental Engineering
First Nations Food Sovereignty
Charlotte Coté, American Indian Studies
Simon Fraser Professors engage with UWT Masters of Education students
Annette Henry, Education
Near Border Operations and Logistical Efficiency: Implications for Policy Makers(program and paper)
Anne Goodchild and Matt Klein, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Marine Conservation is Focus for 2009-2010 Canada-U.S. Fulbright Visiting Chair
Rob Williams, Canada-U.S. Fulbright Visiting Chair
Improving Education for Toronto's Diverse Students
Annette Henry, Education
Profiling Older Adults Living with HIV/AIDS in Toronto
Charles A. Emlet, Social Work
Québec Has a Film Industry? Mais Oui!
Natalie Debray, Communication
UW Design Students Visit the Emily Carr University of Art and Design
Christopher Ozubko, Director of the School of Art and Professor of Design
La Culture québécoise contemporaine
|Summer Quarter 2009
Québec Studies: An Urban Studies Perspective
Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture
Canadian and Korean Arctic Interests
Vladimir Kaczynski, Marine Affairs
|Spring Quarter 2009
Field Course to Québec
Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture
International Networks in Cross-Border Public Health
Winter Quarter 2009
Winter Quarter 2009
Impact of the 2008 International Canadian Studies Institute at the UW
Carl Sander, Burke Museum
Viewing Indian Treaties from Both Sides of the US-Canada Border
Alexandra Harmon, American Indian Studies
Fall Quarter 2008
|Fall Quarter 2008
SISCA 600: Readings in Québécois History and Identity
Natalie Debray, Communication
A Comparative View of Diversity in the United States and Canada
Cherry McGee Banks, Education, UW Bothell
|Spring Quarter 2008
CFR 519: Conducting an Industry Performance Review
By Dorothy Paun, Forest Resources
|Spring Quarter 2008
SISME 420: International Humanitarian Law
By Rick Lorenz, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies
|Spring Quarter 2008
UrbDP 470: Introduction to Urban Design
By Daniel Abramson, Urban Design and Planning
The 6th Annual Native Voices Film Festival Explores Cross Border Histories and Challenges
Daniel Hart, Canadian Studies / Native Voices
French Professor Writes Award-Winning Novel Based in Québec
Denyse Delcourt, French and Italian Studies
From Poutine to P-Patches: Learning From Canadian and U.S. Food Policy Councils
Branden Born, Urban Design and Planning
Expanding Cross-Border Partnerships at the Northwest Center for Public Health
Jack Thompson, Northwest Center for Public Health Practice
|Winter Quarter 2008
SOC WF 405: Fieldwork Seminar
By Stanley de Mello, Social Work
|Winter Quarter 2008
COM 478: Intercultural Communication
By Natalie Debray, Communication
Researching Endangered Languages in British Columbia
Sharon Hargus, Professor, Linguistics
|Fall Quarter 2007
ENVIR 496: Special Topics: Comparing/Contrasting Two Rural Forest-Based Communities
By Thomas Hinckley, Forest Resources
|Summer Quarter 2007
L ARCH 495: Comparative Urban Planning and Urban Design
By Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture
Visiting Professor, Joël Plouffe Visits Faculty's Classroom
by Natalie Debray, Communications, UW Lecturer
In Introduction to Communication I students are introduced to the history of mass communication and how the usage of various traditional media have changed in the new media context. Additionally, as a requirement for the Communication major, this survey course introduces students to the discipline of communication and how communication scholars research and discuss the media and the ways in which the media are used by individuals and how they influence society. It is in this context that I invited visiting scholar, Joël Plouffe to come in and speak to my students (all 432 of them!) about how a key topic of the moment, the Arctic, is discussed in the media. Plouffe’s enthusiastic talk not only revealed his passion for the Arctic, but also his concern over how global warming and melting ice are for the first time creating broad accessibility into the pristine region. Plouffe warns that the resultant race for the treasure trove of natural resources in the Arctic is on. The questions posed to the audience are which country will get there first, and who really owns the Arctic? What are the potential outcomes? News coverage of the Arctic now appear with regular frequency in mainstream publications like the New York Times, but also in a plethora of lesser known blogs and regional outlets. For scholars in the field, the Arctic is not a newly discovered gem. But when and how did the Arctic become a trending topic with Facebook pages and Twitter feeds attesting to its popularity? Joel Plouffe provided an intriguing glimpse into this burgeoning region and students were able to see first-hand the concepts of Agenda Setting and Framing at work in an applied setting.
Natalie Debray is a Lecturer with the Department of Communication at the University of Washington where she is currently teaching, COM 321/POLS 330 Communication and International Relations, including considerable content on media in Québec. Natalie is an affiliated faculty of the Center. She was a Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellow (French) in summers 2001 and 2001 and the 2001-02 academic year.
The Gilbrea Centre for Studies in Aging and the Department of Social Work presented Fulbright Visiting Research Chair Dr. Charles Emlet, PhD, MSW on March 5, 2013. Over 75 people attended to hear Dr. Emlet present the lecture "Aging and HIV: Balancing Challenges and Opportunities."
Dr. Emlet is an adjunct associate professor with the University of Washington (UW) School of Social Work and an affiliate faculty member with the UW Centre for Aids Research. He has published more than 60 journal articles and book chapters and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services and the Journal of Gerontological Social Work.
To view the full lecture please visit our YouTube channel - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5eeEs6R-Nbc
On April 8, scholar, lawyer, and author David R. Boyd visited the University of Washington School of Law as part of an ongoing collaboration with the Center for Canadian Studies. Dr. Boyd presented selections from his two latest books, both published in 2012 by the University of British Columbia Press.
Drawing from The Environmental Rights Revolution, he discussed the sudden and widespread human rights phenomenon of constitutional provisions to a healthy environmental across the globe. As of 1972, there were no constitutions in the world that incorporated environmental rights. Dr. Boyd’s extensive research demonstrates that today three-quarters of the world’s constitutions include explicit references to environmental rights and/or environmental responsibilities. And this has been a revolution of rights on more than paper alone, he added: Constitutional environmental protection is consistently correlated with superior environmental performance by a variety of metrics.
Contrary to the worldwide trend, however, both the United States and Canada are prominent among the countries missing such provisions in their constitutions. Boyd argues with equal parts reason and passion that the time has come for Canada to adopt a constitutional provision ensuring all Canadians a right to a healthy environment – hence the title of his other recent book, The Right to a Healthy Environment in Canada: Revitalizing Canada’s Constitution. In this emphasis he joins a long history in Canada of similar efforts – from Pierre Trudeau’s environmental leadership starting in the 1960s, to periodic efforts by Canadian activist lawyers since the 1970s, to a legislative effort in 2011 that resulted in a near-miss for a Canadian Environmental Bill of Rights. Yes, Canada’s constitution is notoriously difficult to amend, Boyd admitted, and the debacles of Meech Lake and the Charlottetown Accord highlight that fact. But the Canadian constitution has been successfully amended at least 11 times since 1982. Constitutional change is distinctly possible, even if challenging.
Canada has - in Boyd’s terms, and right along with the U.S. - turned from an environmental leader to a disappointing environmental laggard. Establishing a constitutional right to a clean environment could turn this around. “By converting our highest ideals into constitutional rights and responsibilities,” he argues, “we can build the Canada we want” and lead once again.
Todd A. Wildermuth is Scholar in Residence at the University of Washington School of Law and recently joined the Canadian Studies Center as an Affiliated Faculty. He teaches courses in land use permitting and land conservation, and coordinates the environmental and natural resource law program of the law school. Todd is currently using the Alberatan oil sands controversies in a case study for a Spring 2013 the U.W. Program on the Environment honors seminar.
Vince recently accepted the offer to be director of the Canadian
Studies Center, a truly exciting opportunity. Vince Gallucci has been the Wakefield Professor of Ocean and Fishery Sciences in the College of the Environment, and is an adjunct professor in the Russian and Far East Institute in the Jackson School of International Studies (JSIS), both at the University of Washington (UW). He is also the director of the Center for Quantitative Science in the College of the
His interest in how the Bering Sea ecosystems will respond to global warming includes interest in Arctic ecosystems and foodwebs. His experience also includes years of research on fur seals in the sub-Arctic Pribilof Islands in the North Pacific and in Lake Baikal, Siberia. He has spent significant time on commercial fishing vessels in the Bering Sea (N. Pacific) and the Greenland Channel and Barents Sea (N. Atlantic) all in or adjacent to the Arctic Circle. In recent years, policy-related work with the Russian Foreign Ministry is supplementing his historic work with scientific institutes in the Russian Academy of Science.
In addition, his current interests focus on the Arctic Ocean in both the geopolitical dimensions of international policy issues ranging from sovereignty issues and the Arctic Council to the management of Arctic biological marine resources. Sometimes this focus is on statistical, risk analysis and mathematical modeling, of fish and mammal stock dynamics. Recent papers have focused on resource-based conflict resolution, with significant biological field research. Policy papers have concerned the Law of the Sea and the Arctic Council; analyses of past and looming conflicts in Arctic resources, especially where the Arctic Council may/should be involved. He is also a member of the Arctic Council appointed Arctic Biodiversity Assessment team, and has been a member of the IUCN, Shark Specialists group. He has a history of successful and ongoing working relationshops with the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) in Nanaimo, B.C., and in Halifax. He looks forward to expanding these productive and important relationships to include laboratories and institutes on Québec's arctic coast line in Nunavik. In fact, collaboration with Candian scientists has resulted in one book, co-edited with Gordon McFarlane and several others on dogfish sharks. There is coauthorship of a DFO technical report on the dogfish commercial fishery around Vancouver Island and there is a current research project on the Canadian share of the international sardine fishery. Dr. McFarlane has also served on several UW Ph.D. supervisory committees of Vince's students.
His appointment as director of Canadian Studies is perhaps the most exciting professional event in his life in recent years. The Arctic is the last great frontier on earth. He is thrilled to have the opportunity to contribute solutions to the scientific and policy challenges, and their practical implications, for the world. He hopes that his appointment to the Canadian Studies position will allow it to contribute solutions across a spectrum of problems, including more local ones such as border issues between the U.S. and Canada and with other centers elsewhere in the States. He wants to see the Center build alliances with other study programs in JSIS as a foundation for its own expansion, built around the geographic, circumpolar Arctic. You cannot imagine his enthusiasm for continuing to work with Nadine, and others, in JSIS. Wish us luck in the exciting work ahead.
Pictured here in the UW Quad are Adam Akerblom, Joёl Plouffe, and Sophie Hubbell.
Every so often the University has the honor of hosting one of the world’s bright minds in the form of a visiting scholar. In January the Canadian Studies Center had the pleasure of welcoming Joёl Plouffe to our beautiful campus. On the 15th of January we, the Arctic Initiative Interns, had the opportunity to spend the afternoon with Joёl showing him around our campus. Joёl is a professor visiting the University of Washington from Université du Québec à Montréal, and is here teaching the Task Force on Arctic Security. His primary focus is the international relations between actors involved in the Arctic as well as their security dimensions. These include international commerce, economics and military questions in the area. The research he conducts is an investigation of the geopolitical and regional dynamics of the numerous Arctic states and actors. Particularly the role played by Arctic interests in U.S. foreign policy is a major focal point.
When asked what the single most important thing he wanted people to understand about his research is, he divulged that the region is exceedingly dynamic in nature. Its diversity, peoples, cultures, histories, and biodiversity should be in the forefront of Arctic initiatives. The Arctic ice is disappearing however the people are not. Climate change can mean new opportunities that foster adaptation and substantial growth. This knowledge is taking effect in the Nordic region however Joёl seeks to create an awakening within North America and political science as a whole. The issues of the Arctic are not often felt by the southern-oriented people of North America and as such are largely absent from political debate and academic curriculums.
His foremost task during his visit to Seattle is to teach the 2013 Task Force on Arctic Security, a program of the Canadian Studies and International Studies programs in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies. With climate change and globalization, the transformations taking place in Alaska, the Canadian Arctic territories and Inuit regions, and other Arctic nation-states, provide an opportunity to identify, assess, and challenge the meanings of 'Arctic Security' in the 21st century. The program is funded in part by the Ministère des relations internationales of the Gouvernement du Québec (MRI) (Website: http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/quebec/) In addition to this Joёl will also be giving a lecture entitled “Media in the Arctic, A Case Study of Canada and Quebec” on March 7th right here at the UW.
Sophie Hubbell and Adam Akerblom are the Arctic Initiative Interns through the Canadian Studies Center. The Arctic Initiative includes expanding Arctic Studies at the UW.
Funding for the Québec Visiting Professor Grant and the Québec Unit Grant are provided by the Government of Québec, United States University Grant Program.
Joël Plouffe, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, U.W. Québec Visiting Professor for 2012-13 was interviewed by Exploring Geopolitics in January for all his achievements and efforts concerning the Arctic. Click here to view full article.
The book, edited by C. Carothers, et al, includes 19 peer-reviewed papers that were presented at the symposium Fishing People of the North in September of 2011 in Anchorage Alaska. The goal of the symposium was to share knowledge of the opportunities and constraints that fishing people in northern countries encounter in a time of environmental, social and economic change. It was the first Wakefield Symposium to focus on the work of social scientists.
The paper by Gallucci, Fabbi and Hellmann focuses on the geopolitics of the Arctic Ocean. Geopolitics will determine the extent that the Arctic Ocean's alleged bounty of natural resources is utilized and in turn the fate of the peoples of the North and their environment. This paper reviews the role of the Arctic Council and some of its limitations. The role of the all-important United Nations Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is described in the context of both non-arctic and Arctic Council nation states in the Arctic Ocean donut hole (the territory surrounding the geometric center of the Arctic Ocean) and exterior to the extended jurisdictions of the five arctic littoral states. Finally, opportunities the Arctic offers are considered for the nation state of China, as representative of North Pacific countries.
To order a copy of the book or article click here.
Nadine’s article focuses on the intersection between Arctic indigenous political mobilization and nation-state politics in the Arctic. The nation-state has typically been employed as the primary unit for political analysis in conventional international relations theory. However, since the end of the Cold War, transnational issues such as climate change along with a growing number of multinational corporations and international organizations are challenging the limits of that analytical model. This is especially true in the Arctic where indigenous organizations have reframed the region as a distinct territory that transcends national political boundaries. In Canada, the Inuit have remapped the Arctic along cultural lines in an effort to ensure all Inuit benefit from future policy implementation. At the international level, the Inuit are promoting a concept of the Arctic based on cultural cohesion and shared challenges, in part to gain an enhanced voice in international affairs. The Inuit are also utilizing customary law to ensure their rights as a people will be upheld. What is occurring in the Arctic is an unparalleled level of indigenous political engagement. The Inuit are “remapping” the Arctic region and shaping domestic and international policy with implications for the circumpolar world and beyond. This paper explores the unique nature of Inuit political engagement in the Arctic via spatial and policy analysis, specifically addressing how the Inuit are reframing political space to create more appropriate “maps” for policy implementation and for the successful application of international customary law. Joël Plouffe, Visiting Québec Scholar at the Canadian Studies Center, is a managing editor of the 2012 Arctic Yearbook.
About the Arctic Yearbook
The Arctic Yearbook is the outcome of the Northern Research Forum and the University of the Arctic Thematic Network (TN) on Geopolitics and Security. The TN also organizes the annual Calotte Academy.
The Arctic Yearbook is intended to be the preeminent repository of critical analysis on the Arctic region, with a mandate to inform observers about the state of Arctic geopolitics and security. It is an international and interdisciplinary peer-reviewed publication, published online at [www.arcticyearbook.com] to ensure wide distribution and accessibility to a variety of stakeholders and observers. To read the full version of The Arctic Yearbook , please click the front page image.
This publication is available under limited copyright protection. You may download, distribute, photocopy, cite or excerpt this document provided it is properly and fully credited and not used for commercial purposes.
Editor: Lassi Heininen, University of Lapland
Managing Editors: Heather Exner-Pirot, University of Saskatchewan and Joël Plouffe, University of Québec at Montréal (UQAM)
The Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, and American Indian Studies, are offering the following courses in Arctic Studies in Spring Quarter 2013. The courses are open to both undergraduate and graduate students. Students who are interested in pursuing a minor in Arctic studies, may use these classes to count toward the minor (pending approval of the minor). Building on this foundation, Canadian Studies will work with the Quaternary Research Center the Program on Climate Change, and other new partners in the College of the Environment and the Polar Science Center to focus the chair on the Arctic.
JSIS 482A Canada Special Topics/AIS 475 Special Topics in American Indian Studies
Business in the Arctic - Working with Law and Policy in Resource Development
Dr. Sari Graben, U.W. 2012-13 Canada-U.S. Fulbright Chair
Tony Penikett, JSIS 2012-13 Visiting Scholar
JSIS 482B Canada Special Topics/AIS 475 Special Topics in American Indian Studies
Indigenous Land Claim Treaties in North America and the Arctic
Tony Penikett, JSIS 2012-13 Visiting Scholar
The course will address the precedents or foundations of 20th century land claims agreements in North America including the Mexican conquest, the Cherokee cases at the Marshall Court, and the 400-plus Canadian and U.S. treaties that followed. Treaty negotiations and settlements in Alaska and northern Canada will be compared to those in Greenland and Norway.
Sari Graben, LL.B. LL.M. Ph.D., currently serves as an Arctic Policy Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Queen’s Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy, Queen’s University, Toronto. Graben’s primary research interests are in the field of administrative law, contract law, and comparative law with a special focus on issues raised by environmental contracting, privatization, and collaborative governance in the Arctic.
Tony Penikett, a Vancouver-based mediator, served in politics for 25 years including two years in Ottawa as Chief of Staff to federal New Democratic Party Leader Ed Broadbent MP; five terms in the Yukon Legislative Assembly; and two terms as Premier of Canada's Yukon Territory (1985-92). His government negotiated final agreement for First Nation land claims in the territory and passed pioneering education, health, language legislation, as well as leading a much-admired bottom-up economic planning process.
On February 1, I will begin my stent as a Fulbright Visiting Research Chair at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. I will also be a Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. I will be working on a Fulbright project and will interact with Canadian colleagues.
Charles A. Emlet, Ph.D., LCSW, ACSW, is Professor of Social Work, and joined the University of Washington Tacoma Social Work faculty in 1999. Previously he held social work positions in direct practice and administration with Solano County Health and Social Services Department in California. He is Adjunct Associate Professor with the University of Washington School of Social Work, and Affiliate faculty with the UW Center for AIDS Research. He was a Hartford Geriatric Social Work Faculty Scholar from 2001-2003 and a John A. Hartford National Research Mentor. He received his Ph.D. in Social Welfare from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio and his MSW from California State University, Fresno. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (California) and is a member of the Academy of Certified Social Workers.
Dr. Emlet is co-author of In Home Assessment of Older Adults: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 2nd edition, and HIV/AIDS and Older Adults: Challenges for Individuals, Families and Communities. He has published more than 60 journal articles and book chapters and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services and the Journal of Gerontological Social Work. Dr. Emlet is an active member of the Gerontological Society of America, (where he is a Fellow) the Association of Gerontological Education in Social Work (AGE-SW), the National Association of Social Workers and the Society of Social Work and Research. He holds a gubernatorial appointment to the Governor's Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS and his current areas of research include older persons with HIV/AIDS and issues of stigma and service delivery for persons living with HIV/AIDS and health disparities among LGBT older adults. In 2004 he received the University of Washington, Tacoma's Distinguished Research Award and was recently named a Fulbright Scholar for 2013.
Between September 25 and 27, 2012, I joined a group of academics, industry representatives, and government officials on a tour of land border and marine port facilities in British Columbia. The tour was sponsored by the Canadian Government, and led by Kevin Cook of the Seattle Consulate. The signing of the Beyond the Border initiative by President Obama and Prime Minister Harper on February 4, 2011, defines a new era of Unites States-Canada cooperation, and much of the tour focused on the changes that will take place due to this new agreement. In addition, we observed substantial changes in Canadian Security initiatives since the establishment of the Canadian Border Services Agency in 2003.
I have conducted research on marine ports and land borders for the last 10 years, and have a particular interest in the commercial land border crossings at Pacific Highway, between the lower mainland of British Columbia, and Western Washington. My research group has looked at many questions here, including identifying the operational elements most responsible for delay, the performance of security programs, and the border’s impact on regional supply chains. The site visit provided me with a contemporary view of the operations both on the US and Canadian sides, and an opportunity to observe operations in this ever changing environment.
I am also an active researcher in the area of marine ports, in particular their connections to the landside transportation system, and their role in regional trade. In past research we’ve performed comparative analysis of the ports of Seattle, Tacoma, Vancouver, and Prince Rupert, and were some of the first to visit and study the new Port at Prince Rupert when the Fairview Container Terminal opened there in 2008. My recent visit allowed me to observe what role the port has come to play in global trade, and how operations are conducted.
The tour was a wonderful opportunity to refresh and revitalize my knowledge of Canadian West-Coast transportation infrastructure, and to consider the significance of their investments and programs on the Puget Sound. I was very fortunate to be accompanied by an outstanding group of American colleagues who I can now count as friends. Many thanks to the Canadian Government and the Seattle Consulate for their generosity!
Dr. Goodchild is the Allan and Inger Osberg Endowed Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Washington. She is also Director of the Goods Movement Collaborative and Academic Director of the Supply Chain Transportation and Logistics Degree Program. Her research interests lie in logistics and freight transportation with a particular enthusiasm for maritime transportation and port operations. In her research she has evaluated strategies to improve port efficiency, the relationships between goods movement operations and air quality, the effect of new technologies on freight transportation system productivity, and the impact of travel time variability on goods movement. She considers the multiple agents acting together that create the transportation system and the incentives for each of these actors. Her primary areas of study are containerized cargo, marine terminals, and international borders.
I was recently invited to participate in “The Faces of Quebec: Two Days of Music and Lectures,” co-sponsored by Canadian Studies and the Portland Center for Public Humanities at Portland State University (PSU). Always eager to share my passion for all things Quebec and all things media, I boarded an Amtrak train for the comfortable 3-hour ride and was pleasantly surprised to discover a dynamic Canadian Studies program in the heart of Portland.
My lecture, “Language, Media and Cultural Identity: A View from Quebec,” was held on the first day of the conference (November 15) at the ethereal Native American Student and Community Center near the epicenter of PSU’s urban campus. Flanked by floor to ceiling windows and a fine collection of Native American art, it was easy to find inspiration – and a captive audience. In the talk I provided an historical overview of the province in the context of Canadian history but also focused on issues salient to Quebec identity: notably language preservation and nation building, particularly the role the media play in both.
We packed a lot of information into 90 minutes and I would have loved to continue the conversation. One after another, members of the audience, a mixture of PSU students (including Assistant Professor Annabelle Dolidon’s French class), faculty, and members of the community at large, maintained the interactive tone of the presentation posing thoughtful and compelling questions ranging from the status of the sovereignty movement to the economic impact of Quebec’s strict language laws. It was exhilarating to be part of such an enthusiastic discussion.
Natalie Debray is a Lecturer with the Department of Communication at the University of Washington where she is currently teaching, COM 321/POLS 330 Communication and International Relations, including considerable content on media in Québec. Natalie is an affiliated faculty of the Center. She was a Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellow (French) in summers 2001 and 2001 and the 2001-02 academic year.
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Members of the executive board of ACSUS. From the left: Sarah-Beth Keogh, Ken Holland, Neal Carter, Myrna Delson-Karan, Jean-Jacques Thomas, and David Archibald.
Morna McEachern, Social Work, is currently serving as secretary of the executive board of the Association for Canadian Studies in the United States (ACSUS). ACSUS held its annual meeting in Tampa, Florida over Veteran’s Day (Remembrance Day) weekend. To meet the challenges to funding cuts, ACSUS has reached out and connected with Canadian Studies organizations in several countries: Mexico, Argentina, Sweden, Japan, Israel, Canada. Most significant is the connection with Mexican and Canadian Associations. Both will be academic sponsors of the biennial meeting in Tampa in the fall of 2013. The theme of the conference will be “Canada in the Hemisphere” and will also include a focus on the 20th anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
ACSUS is also looking for a new home for the head office at a university or other organization and will be sending out a request for proposals in the new year.
Morna McEachern, Social Work, and Program Manager for Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium (PNWCSC), joined the board of directors of the Association of Canadian Studies in the United States (ACSUS) and serves as its secretary. The Canadian Studies Center is an institutional member of ACSUS.
For more information on ACSUS, click here.
Conference advisory board: Vera Kingeekuk, Aqqaluk Lynge, Nancy Karetak-Lindell, and Louis-Jacques. Dorais.
Nadine Fabbi, Associate Director of the Center, chaired the panel entitled, “Inuit Governance, Land Claims and Sovereignty.” Nine panelists participated including from Greenland and Nunatsiavut, Canada’s eastern-most Inuit region. Johannas Lampe, Minister of Culture, Recreation and Tourism in Nunatsiavut, and Dave Lough, Deputy Minister of Culture, presented on the Inuit economy in the region including Inuit art.
Nadine also gave her paper, “Inuit Political Involvement in the Arctic,” that explores the relationship between Arctic foreign policy, territory, and customary law as found in the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
The conference was hosted by the Arctic Studies Center, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. “The conference serves the critical function of drawing together scholars and Inuit representatives to share research results in the fields of archaeology, anthropology, linguistics, political governance, environmental sciences, health, education, and culture” (conference brochure).
The Inuit Studies Conference, founded at l’Université Laval, has been held biennially since 1978. This was the largest conference ever and the first to be held in the “lower 48.” There were about 550 attendees representing 16 countries and 40 states in the United States. An additional 1,000 individuals accessed the conference on-line.
Conference website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/ISC18/
The Inuit Studies Conference provided Nadine with a National Science Foundation travel grant to present her research at the conference.
Board members from left, front: Terry Simmons, Ted Fortier, Kathy Reavy, Nadine Fabbi. Back, from left: Ross Burkhardt, Michael Treleaven, Morna McEachern, Matthew Evenden, and Gary Wilson.
On 28 September 2012 the Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Board met for their annual meeting at the University of British Columbia. The focus of the 2012 meeting was to establish a vision for the future of the organization particularly given the recent cut of the Understanding Canada program. The most important contribution of the Consortium is its annual general meeting. This last year over 60 scholars from the region participated in a one-day conference at the University of Washington. The Board committed to continuing the AGM annually and seeking broader participation particularly from community colleges and tribal colleges.
Currently there are about 47 active academic institutional members of the Consortium including the Government of Alberta and the Pacific Northwest Economic Region.
Ross Burkhardt, Boise State University, facilitated the meeting with the assistance of associate director, Gary Wilson, University of Northern British Columbia. Participants included Michael Treleaven, past executive director, Gonzaga University; Program Manager, Morna McEachern, University of Washington; Nadine Fabbi, University of Washington; Matthew Evenden, University of British Columbia; Ted Fortier, Seattle University; Kathy Reavy, Boise State University; and, Terry Simmons, Berkeley University.
The meeting was held in conjunction with the Beyond the Culture of Nature conference hosted by the Canadian Studies Center at the University of British Columbia.
The Canadian Studies Center is secretariat for the Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium.
Oil in the Arctic - Decision Making Under Conflict and Uncertainty: Exploring the Environmental and Human Dimensions of Risk from Oil in a Changing Arctic
by Robert Pavia, Ph.D., School of Marine and Environmental Affairs
Instructors, Dr. Mary Baker of NOAA (left), Professor Tom Leschine (center) and Robert (right), meet after class session ends.
The School of Marine and Environmental Affairs is examining risks from maritime transportation and oil development in the Arctic in the face of change in the physical environment, ecosystems, and the human communities that depend upon them in a graduate course being offered autumn quarter. Graduate students from programs across campus are studying threats from oil in the context of conflicting values and human-induced changes in the Arctic, with a focus on decision-making affecting the future of the region. Understanding these problems in an international context, with an emphasis on Canada and native peoples, has been enhance by the with a guest lecture by Canadian Studies Center’s Nadine Fabbi on international relations & indigenous diplomacies in the Arctic.
The course provides understanding of theory and practice for environmental policy decision-making under conditions of uncertainty and social and political conflict, in the context of Arctic development. Continuing retreat of Arctic sea ice has opened the continental margin to increasing marine shipping and new oil exploration in an area that could hold 10% of the world’s remaining petroleum. Arctic shipping is increasing with commercial sea routes opening for both cargo and passenger traffic with associated pollution risks. The U.S. government has just released its Five Year Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, which anticipates expanded oil development in the Arctic. Taught in collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, students gain experience in addressing problems in the context of the real world requirements of an ocean management agency. Two students from the class will travel to Barrow Alaska to participate in a community meeting focusing on mitigating local consequences of these larger scale changes.
Robert Pavia is an affiliate associate professor of the School of Marine and Environmental Affairs. Robert has led projects including responding to human-caused and natural disasters, ecosystem-based management, and marine protected area management.
Professor Thomas Leschine is the director and professor of the School of Marine and Environmental Affairs and an adjunct professor for the School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences. Thomas specialities include quantitative methods applied to resource management and environmental impact assessment, marine pollution management, and ocean policy studies. Thomas received his Ph.D. in 1975 from the University of Pittsburgh.
Mary Baker is the Regional Manager of the Northwest Regions Assessment Restoration Division from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The Canadian Studies Center is proud to be a partner in the new UWTV series, Voices of the First Peoples, showing the culture, struggles and heritage of Native people from across Canada and the United States.
The film series includes feature-length documentary films that have won acclaim at international film festivals, including the award-winning A Century of Genocide, which tells of the abuse of Native children in government and church boarding schools in Canada. The series also features many other films with a strong cross-border focus, dealing with issues ranging from identity, history and First Nations political activism, and cultural revival.
The series was produced in collaboration with the U.W.’s Department of American Indian Studies. Voices of the First Peoples is hosted by Canadian Studies director and filmmaker, Professor Daniel Hart, and Charlotte Coté, Associate Professor, Department of American Indian Studies, Affiliated Faculty, Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, and Chair, UW Intellectual House Planning and Advisory Committee. Hart is also co-Director of the long-running indigenous film program, Native Voices, within the Department of American Indian Studies. Many of these student-produced films from Native Voices air as part of the new series, including Frybread Babes by Steffany Suttle, Half of Anything by Jonathan Tomhave, and American Red and Black: Stories of Afro-Native Identity by Alicia Woods.
The series can be watched exclusively on UWTV channel 27, Sunday nights at 7 p.m., or online via simulcast at uwtv.org/simulcast. New episodes of the eight-part series will premiere each week. Find out more about the series and upcoming films at uwtv.org/voices.
Sonny Assu studied the Kwakwaka’wakw collection at the Burke Museum in July 2012 on a grant from the Bill Holm Center for the Study of Northwest Coast Art. Assu is Ligwildaʼxw of the We Wai Kai First Nation (Cape Mudge). An interdisciplinary artist, Assu describes his work as “merging Northwest Coast iconography with the aesthetics of popular culture to challenge the social and historical values placed upon both.” His work explores his mixed ancestry and appropriates or transforms items of consumer and popular culture to trace the lineage of his own personal life. He is interested in ideas around Indigenous issues and rights, branding and new technologies. Assu says that his unique twist on Northwest Coast design comes from a desire to “contribute to a modern, contemporary discourse that places Northwest Coast form-line design smack in the middle of the contemporary art world.” Assu’s research in the Kwakwaka’wakw collection at the Burke Museum focused on potlatch regalia and objects associated with certain ceremonial dances. Assu reported that he hoped “to utilize this research to inform not only my current body of painting and design work, but I would like to use it as a starting point to formulate a new project that will be used to fulfill my recently received Canada Council production grant. “Consumption” will be a project that challenges the eye of authority behind anthropological institutions and tourist based curio shops.”
Assu’s work has been featured in several solo and group exhibits over the past years, notably Don’t Stop Me Now! and Comic Relief at the National Gallery of Canada, Beat Nation and How Soon is Now? at the Vancouver Art Gallery and Changing Hands: Art With Reservation Part 2 at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City. He is one of many visiting artist/researchers that the Bill Holm Center for the Study of Northwest Coast Art will host this year at the Burke Museum.
Kathryn Bunn-Marcuse is Assistant Director of the Bill Holm Center for the Study of Northwest Coast Art at the Burke Museum where she helps to facilitate grants to First Nations artists studying their heritage in museum collections. She is a Visiting Lecturer in Art History and American Indian Studies and an affiliated faculty of the Canadian Studies Department at the University of Washington.
Bruce Starlight, director of Tsuut’ina Gunaha Institute, Tsuut’ina First Nation, Alberta, speaking on ‘Teaching Tsuut’ina’ (photo by Siri G. Tuttle)
First Nations community language specialists and scholars from Canada and the United States gathered at Western Washington University (WWU), August 15-17, 2012, to share information about the Athabaskan/Dene languages, a group of about 40 related languages spoken in the interior of Alaska, much of western Canada, the southwest United States and various locations on the Pacific coast.
Meeting almost annually since 1980, the conference has had the goal of advancing the study and preservation of the languages of the Athabaskan or Dene family. The 2012 conference included presentations on structural aspects of the languages by linguists, as well as presentations on language pedagogy by language teachers from some of the communities where the languages of the family are spoken, including Cold Lake, Alberta (Denesųɬiné language), Moricetown, British Columbia (Witsuwit’en language), and Rae, Northwest Territories (Tlįchǫ language).
The language family has been known by two names for some time. Athapasca was first bestowed on the family by Gallatin 1836. Variant spellings are Athabaskan, Athabascan (preferred in Alaska), and Athapaskan (preferred in Canada). The term Dene is a generalized form of the word for “person, man”, which occurs in a similar form in most of the languages of the family; e.g. Dakelh (Carrier) dune, Navajo diné, Gwich’in dinjii. This term also made its first appearance in the 19th century (e.g. Petitot 1876). The conference has historically been called the Athabaskan Languages Conference, using the generally accepted term among linguists, but for some years at this conference, many community members, particularly those from Canadian communities, have expressed a preference that the language family be referred to as Dene rather than Athabaskan. The issue came to a head at the 2012 conference, and at the business meeting on August 16, participants voted unanimously to change the name of future meetings to the Dene Languages Conference.
The conference was co-organized by Edward Vajda, WWU Department of Modern and Classical Languagesm and Sharon Hargus, UW Linguistics and an Affiliate Faculty of Canadian Studies. Major funding for the conference was provided by a grant from the National Science Foundation (Arctic Social Sciences Program). The proceedings will be published by the Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, in 2013.
The 2013 Dene Languages Conference will be hosted by the Tsuut’ina Gunaha Institute, Tsuut’ina First Nation, Alberta.
Sharon Hargus is currently involved in projects related to the documentation of four Native American or First Nations languages: Sahaptin (Yakima dialect) (spoken in Washington state), Deg Xinag (spoken in Alaska), Kwadacha (Ft. Ware) Sekani (Tsek'ene), and Witsuwit'en (spoken in British Columbia). She has been an Affiliate of the Center since 1990. Sharon is chair of the dissertation committee for Canadian Studies Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellow Julia Miller for Dane-Zaa (2006-07, 07-08, 08-09). In the last six years the Canadian Studies Center has awarded at total of 16 FLAS Fellowships for the acquisition of Canadian indigenous languages – a leader in the nation.
Gallatin, Albert. 1836. 'A Synopsis of the Indian Tribes within the United States East of the Rocky Mountains, and in the British and Russian Possessions in North America.' Transactions and Collections of the American Antiquarian Society II:1-422.
Petitot, Emile, o.m.i. 1876. Dictionnaire de la langue dènè-dindjiè, dialectes montagnais ou chippewayan, peaux de lièvre et loucheux: enfermant en outre un grand nombre de termes propres à sept autres dialectes de la même langue: précédé d'une monographie des Dènè-dindjiè, d'une grammaire et de tableaux synoptiques des conjugaisons. Paris and San Francisco: E. Leroux and A.L. Bancroft.
Anne DeMelle holding a sample of bitumen later refined into oil.
The Energy and Environment Study Tour to Alberta on August 28-30, 2012, was extraordinary in many respects. The governments of Canada and Alberta are keenly interested in developing their oil sands resources and eager to convince the global community they can do so with no worse effects than oil produced elsewhere. To their great credit, and as a result of decades of government and private research, companies are finding new ways to extract oil from Albertan sands with a smaller physical footprint. The iconic images of the tar sands – the massive strip mines, the tailings ponds, the enormous trucks moving tons of earth – are apparently the past, and not the future, of oil sands production.
With newer, less intrusive, and mostly underground methods of obtaining oil, the locus of discussion has changed overwhelmingly to climate change. Again, due credit goes to the provincial and federal governments for attempting to reduce the carbon intensity of oil sands production. Alas, most of the carbon contribution of a barrel of oil comes from its ultimate consumption, so improving production efficiencies only takes one so far. What, then, is Canada's or Alberta's climate change responsibility to the global community? Given the many downsides of climate change, should Alberta consider an alternative course of leaving this oil in the ground?
On this tour, these were the great unanswered – indeed, largely unasked – questions. The focus of this tour was almost exclusively how to get more oil out of the sands more profitably and more efficiently. Standing atop one of the world's largest readily developable pools of carbon, I was amazed and dismayed. Amazed at the great industry and intelligence that Canadians have invested in making oil from the sands an accessible national asset. Dismayed that no similar enthusiasm or creativity has been brought to rethinking that asset's danger in a changing climate.
Delegates from across the United States travel to Fort McMurray to few, first hand, Alberta's oil/tar sands. Todd Wildermuth (far left), Anne DeMelle (third from left).
Participants on the Study Tour traveled to Edmonton, Alberta where they met with the Government of Alberta and other representatives. On Wednesday, 29 August 2012, they traveled to Fort McMurray and visited the oil sands mining and in situ sites. On their return to Edmonton the group met with the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers and the Canadian Oil Sands Innovation Alliance.
Todd A. Wildermuth is Scholar in Residence at the University of Washington School of Law and recently joined the Canadian Studies Center as an Affiliated Faculty. He teaches courses in land use permitting and land conservation, and coordinates the environmental and natural resource law program of the law school. Todd will be incorporating the issue of Alberta energy development into his course, “Land-Use Planning and Permitting in Practice,” Fall Quarter 2012, and into a case study for the U.W. Program on the Environment honors seminar, Spring 2013.
Anne DeMelle runs a graduate certificate program in the U.W.'s Program on the Environment to help launch the next generation of environmental leaders. Previously, Anne developed sustainable business strategies and has raised millions to support the ground-breaking work of non-profits that protect public health and the environment. In fall and winter quarters Anne will be working with a group of U.W. graduate students as they advise the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on the environmental risks associated with shipping tar sands oil near or through U.S. waters.
The Energy and Environment Study Tour to Alberta was sponsored by the Government of Canada and Government of Alberta.
On 24 September 2012, Philip Howard's OpEd piece on virtual embassies was published in The Globe and Mail. For the full article, click here.
Morna McEachern, Social Work, and Program Manager for Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium (PNWCSC), has recently been invited to join the board of directors of the Association of Canadian Studies in the United States (ACSUS) and to serve as its secretary. This is a particularly interesting and challenging time for ACSUS, due to the total, global elimination of the “Understanding Canada” grants by the Canadian government. These grants were a primary source of support for ACSUS and both the board and the executive director are working vigorously and creatively to maintain the vital work that ACSUS does for Canada and Canadian Studies. It is a wonderful honour that Morna has been invited to serve at this critical time.
The Canadian Studies Center is an institutional member of ACSUS.
Canada's Northwest Passage a Source of Legal Controversy
Vincent Gallucci, Affiliated Faculty of Canadian Studies and Professor, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, was quoted by The Epoch Times in an article on the geopolitical tensions regarding Canada’s Northwest Passage. The article, "Northwest Passage opens new frontier, new challenges," discusses future issues that will result as the melting of the Arctic ice cap increases. Vince's current research includes the legal framework for the Arctic Ocean, China's interest in the region, and off-shore oil development in Russia.
Click here to read article.
Over 60 faculty and researchers representing 24 departments across 11 professional schools, as well as all three UW campuses, contribute to knowledge and expertise on Canada, its relationship to the United States, and its role in global affairs.
Frédéric Tremblay (left), Délégation du Québec à Los Angeles, with Fritz Wagner, Urban Design & Planning, discuss how the Québec grants will be utilized to build Québec studies at the U.W. (06/12)
Fritz Wagner, Urban Design and Planning, is co-author of this book focused on comparative research and international education in urban studies. “Urban processes are increasingly transnational and the comparative approach for studying urban issues is relevant to the globalization paradigm that shapes the public agenda of communities all over the world. The consortium NEXOPOLIS was established in 2004 to develop a workable theoretical and conceptual framework that enabled graduate students and faculty members from six North American universities to take part in comparative urban research in Canadian, American and Mexican cities” (Introduction). The participating Canadian and U.S. universities included University of Washington, San Diego University, Ryerson University, Toronto, and l’Université Laval, Québec City.
“The project proposed a dual objective: to develop international competency in students, often referred to as the international profile, and to reinforce comparative urban studies at the six participating universities … Academic mobility exchange thus became NEXOPOLIS’ pivotal tool for achieving its goal of developing a comparative program of study in the areas of urban revitalization” (Introduction).
The tri-lingual book includes a chapter on “Le Cas de Québec, Québec.” The book is co-authored with Mario Carrier, l’Université Québec, and Régent Cabana, University of New Orleans.
NEXOPOLIS was funded by the Program for North American Mobility in Higher Education and administered collectively by the U.S. Department of Education’s Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education, Human Resources Development Canada, and the Secretary of Pubic Education in Mexico.
“All Aboard the CCGS Harper to a Glorious Ice-Free North” by Avery Ascher
(CCGS stands for Canadian Coast Guard Ship, the designation on Canada’s fleet of ice breakers)
“Canada and the US need to join forces when it comes to the Arctic.” Lloyd Axworthy
This being election year in the USA, imagine an electoral district more than twice the size of Washington State with a total population of 75,000 people. This describes the Churchill riding (voting district) in subarctic, northern Manitoba. Within this riding, the town of The Pas is home to the University College of the North, which hosted an important symposium Gateways North, Expansion, Convergence and Change. The keynote speaker was Tomson Highway, Order of Canada, playwright, novelist and indigenous activist. Mayors from two towns, the MP from Churchill riding, the predominantly Cree elder council who are one of the governing boards of UCN, scientists, artists, historians, Cree dancers and hunters all participated and shared knowledge.
As part of developing a field institute for US and Canadian students and faculty in Churchill, Manitoba, summer of 2013, I had the privilege of attending the symposium. Starting by making connections and receiving invitations to work together, at the Universities of Manitoba and Winnipeg, where Lloyd Axworthy, renown statesman, is president, I took a ten hour bus ride north to The Pas.
In The Pas, I was welcomed and spent two days of intense learning. The Cree elders took me under their wings and told me many wonderful stories of the land, the people, the history, the horrors of residential schools, and the strength of traditions. One story was of a community where the water main had broken and they had to wait an extra month this year for the winter roads (when the lakes freeze and trucks can reach communities to which there are no land roads). The organizer of the conference told me that I did not need to bring winter clothes. The ice had broken up at least three weeks early. The textile art of the fraying of the polar bear and the artist’s well researched presentation about the politics and economics of the arctic and the polar bear as the canary in the mine of global warming were bookends to the stories.
If Canada and the US are to join forces in relationship to the Arctic, it is essential that those of us who live in the south (and Winnipeg is considered the south in The Pas, which is only in the sub arctic) become educated and consider the rich and multifaceted lands, natural environments, peoples of the Arctic in our economic, political and cultural foci. Please consider joining us in Churchill and environs next summer.
Students in the course take a little rest while visiting Québec City.
In June Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture, took 10 U.W. students to Québec as part of the field course, URBDP 498 Summer Course to French Canada. This comparative Urban Design and Planning course was co-led by Dr. Régent Cabana. It examined the similarities and differences between US and Canadian cities with a focus on the current urban issues confronting communities in the Canadian province of Québec. Students studied the physical layout of cities, urban design, urban growth, problems related to the environment and governmental institutions as well as historical, social and cultural factors specific to Québec cities. Students traveled to Québec, visiting Montreal, Québec City and Ottawa and attended tours and lectures given by area professors and other experts. At the end of the course, students wrote a paper on a topic related to urban issues encountered in Canada. Following are notes from the students regarding their experiences in Québec.
"As an engineering student interested in Transportation, the visit to the three Canadian cities (Montreal, Québec and Ottawa) showed just how far behind US cities are in terms of public transportation. The "bixie" bike system that is currently in Montreal, Ottawa and Québec is not free, but cheap enough that its a very useful way to travel. Not only are bikes readily available, but the roads and trails are designed to handle large amounts of bikers. Seattle is not a good city for biking like Canada because the roads are not kept up well enough for bikes and the topography of Seattle is difficult to bike. Incorporating bikes into a main transportation type is good for environmental issues, congestion, and it promotes a healthy lifestyle. The US in general is designed for ease and seems to incorporate less value to environmental impacts and even less value to health. We have metro's and busses running through many US cities that aid in public transport, but they seem to be less advanced and useful that those in Montreal. To work on Seattle transportation systems, adding bike lanes on the sides of roads, especially downtown, and creating new bike paths like the trails around Montreal would promote less vehicles in the area and a safe travel method. Along with this plan, more bike racks need to be added to many locations throughout the city. Americans can look at the successful system in Canada to improve the transportation system as well as reduce environmental impacts and promote a healthy lifestyle." -Renee Koester, Engineering
"The most interesting aspect of the trip, brief as it was, was the unique struggle that older cities face, maintaining their historical and architectural integrity while supporting innovation and expansion. I come from Portland and Seattle, and the sheer "newness" of those cities is striking when compared with Quebec and Montreal. I regret not being able to spend more time in Canada because I would be interested in delving deeper into the administrative compromises and zoning regulations that help dictate how each city has developed. The sole parallel that I can find in Seattle is the tight restriction placed on new development in the Pioneer Square neighborhood, a source of frequent frustration and consternation among some club and bar owners.
Marie-Odile Trépanier’s lecture on some of the unique issues that have cropped up in Montreal’s history provided an illuminating perspective as to some of the differences between Canadian (particularly Quebecois) governments and American governments. But it is hard to say how valuable the classes would have been had they not been taught in the city, so that we, the students, could combine the academic presentations with experiential learning from the city beyond. Learning about Quebecois history while being there seems much more vital than learning about it abstractly, from a classroom in Seattle.
Finally, the difference in roles that the private sector plays in the US and Canada was particularly interesting. If I were to pursue an Urban Planning or Real Estate development graduate degree, I would be interested in investigating some of the causes and effects of the disparate power that each respective government enjoys." - Robert Franco-Tayar, Community, Environment, and Planning
"As a student of public policy, I joined the class to see first-hand how Canada, a country that is shares many similarities with the US, approaches and attempts to solve its own urban issues. What I ended up seeing, though, is just how different Canada really is. The province of Quebec, especially, is a region that I had to visit before I could understand and appreciate it. Practicing my French was an added bonus, though I could have gotten along in English without any trouble. The speaking list was full of professionals and professors that were both knowledgeable and personable. If I had any complaint, it would be that our time in Canada was too short. I feel that this trip has exposed me to a different way of doing things. This breadth of approaches is sure to be an asset in public policy or in any other field." -Kyle Frankiewich, Public Affairs
"I believe this trip to Canada will expand my perspective as a future city planner. I am studying to get my Master's in City and Regional Planning, and currently my academic coursework has been focused in the US. This trip will allow me to understand other cities, and other systems of planning. Québec is a unique place, and this exposure should make me consider planning in a wider context. I think in the future this will be valuable to my profession. Further, I think the trip will help me understand more about Canada in general. Currently, my understanding of Canada is only through visiting British Columbia. This trip will reveal the diversity and complexity of the country." -Jenna Rose Higgins, City and Regional Planning
"The experience of traveling to Québec and Montreal has reinforced my understanding of the importance of urban planning for the future of our cities and countries. As two of the largest cities in the Province of Québec, Québec City and Montreal are great examples of how urban planning can effectively be used to solve major urban issues. Although both cities are very different they both provide a strong understanding of the french-Canadian culture and Canada as a whole. Québec city is very unique as it balances being a predominantly tourist city, while also being home to a large population of french-canadians. One of the major issues we focused on was how Old city provides a healthy environment for residents living there among the strong tourist culture. Because of the history of Québec, the Old city is a major tourist draw and the commercial businesses within the walls of the old city cater to tourists, which leaves out many of the necessary amenities for residents. Montreal on the other hand is much different than Québec. Montreal is a much more diverse city with cultural enclaves all over the city. From the Village, to Chinatown, to the Latin Quarter, all within walking distance, the city of Montreal is hard to define. After traveling to both cities, I found that an important distinction between the two cities is the idea of identity. Whereas Québec is mostly defined by their history and their Old City, Montreal's identity is much harder to define. The individual neighborhoods have very strong identities, but there are so many different areas of Montreal that it is almost impossible to find one definition. Another lesson I found from traveling to the two cities was that cities all over the world deal with many of the same issues regardless of the culture, time, environment, and country. Urban issues such as gentrification, homelessness, traffic, stormwater management, cultural divides, and transportation issues exist in all major cities. The same issues we have discussed in the city of Seattle, are the same issues Montreal and Québec are dealing with, it is how they deal with these issues that remains very different. These two Canadian cities have also exemplified the Canadian commitment to social services. One example is the city-wide bike share program in Montreal called bixi, which was originally free for residents for the first 30 minutes, which shows the city's commitment to providing affordable sustainable transportation.
After my experience on this trip I have become much more interested in pursuing a degree in Urban Planning, with an emphasis on creating city-wide programs for stormwater management. I have found that a huge part of planning is the ability to think critically about our environment and the relationships between our social structures and our built environment. I am particularly interested in planning because it is about problem solving and improving upon what has already been created versus just winning a game or making profit." -Katherine Stultz, Community, Environment, and Planning
"Having traveled only to BC before within Canada, my trip to Québec greatly contributed to my understanding of the country. I gained a lot learning about the governmental structure within the country, and how provincial government differs from the role of states within the US. I learned about significant cultural differences between Québec and my home that contribute to different approaches to urban planning. I hope to use this new knowledge in my future career as a planner." -Amy Taylor, Community, Environment, and Planning
"The French Canadian experience has been an eye opening experience. Most of my travel has been to the western side of the country, and being able to experience Québec and Montreal has been fantastic. I feel I have a better understanding the dynamics that Canada experiences between the french speaking and english speaking communities. I know feel I have a much greater understanding of the struggles surrounding the preservation of culture with French language. This trip will greatly influence my future research and projects by helping me understand the importance of language and regional planning." -Mori Wallner, Public Affairs
This program was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Government of Canada.
Dr. Greg Elmer
On Wednesday April 27th, Dr. Greg Elmer gave a lecture on the role of streaming media in contemporary Canadian politics. He is the is Bell Globemedia Research Chair and Director of the Infoscape Centre for the Study of Social Media, Ryerson University, Toronto. The lecture he gave features material he preparing with co-author with F. McKelvey and G. Langlois for a forthcoming book, "The Permanent Campaign: New Media, New Politics" with Peter lang. Elmer is an internationally renowned scholar with expertise in political communication and digital media. In the last few Canadian elections, Dr. Elmer has also built “real-time” social science projects that analyze the flow of content out of campaign organizations of Canadian political parties, delivering the analysis to journalists and the broader public. His lecture, “Live Research? Reading the New Political Party Machines in Canada”, was co-sponsored by Canadian Studies and the Department of Communication, but in attendance were additional students and faculty from political science and the information school.
This program was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Government of Canada.
From left, Vancouver artist, Susan McCallum, Charlotte; Charlotte Coté; Charlotte’s niece Jenoah, and Cynthia del Rosario, UW Director of Graduate Recruitment and Retention at the launch for Coté's book, "Spirits of our Whaling Ancestors," November 2010.
For Native scholars in Canada and the United States, writing is both an act of resistance and an act of re-empowerment. However, many challenges arise when we write about ourselves and our respective communities. I used this presentation to discuss the challenges I faced when writing my recent book, "Spirits of Our Whaling Ancestors. Revitalizing Makah and Nuu-chah-nulth Traditions". I discussed the process of writing about my experiences growing up in a First Nations community in Canada and some of the issues this raised about sharing cultural and community knowledge. I faced two main questions: How do I write about something that is so personal? How do I write myself into the history I am analyzing?
I discussed how difficult it was to decide what family, community, and cultural knowledge I would share in my book and talked about how I decided what I would share. As Native scholars, we are challenged to present a study that is comprehensive and academically rigorous while at the same time is sensitive to our communities and respectful of our people. I discussed how I attempted to balance the utilization of written and archival material with my community's oral stories, my family history, and my own personal reflections. I ended my presentation by sharing with the other panelists and audience that, while this process was deeply challenging, and at times, very stressful, I also found it to be very rewarding. I was able to write our history using the words of my ancestors, my relatives, and my community members, utilizing stories that informed my day-to-day life. This was truly rewarding.
Charlotte Coté presented her paper, "Writing from the Inside Out," at the Native American/Indigenous Studies Association conference held May 19-21 in Sacramento, California. Travel was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Government of Canada.
Rebecca Woodgate t
Spring 2011 marked the start of a new Arctic class at the University of Washington. Led by Oceanography professor Rebecca Woodgate, this class aimed to introduce students of any discipline to the wonders and challenges of the Arctic.
As described on the course website: "The Arctic is no longer remote. Arctic sea-ice loss, shipping through the legendary Northwest Passage, the international land-grab for the North Pole and the Arctic sea floor, Arctic oil and gas exploration, the fate of the polar bear – these and more are all household terms. Yet, many people’s understanding of this system and the reality of the issues is based primarily on news and media coverage. The UW houses a remarkably wide range of world-class Arctic research – this course will access that knowledge base and provide an interdisciplinary, science-based introduction to Arctic science and topical world issues that are at the forefront of understanding how the Arctic works today, how the Arctic is changing, and what impacts those changes may have on us."
The course covered the ocean-ice-atmosphere system, extending into Arctic ecosystems (from ice-algae to the "charismatic megafauna"), and from this base, looked into topics ranging from the challenges faced by communities that live in the Arctic to the various roles the Arctic plays in the world. Guest lecturers from UW covered their own specializations, including Jody Deming (on Life In the ice), Sue Moore (on Life on and under the Ice, the Megafauna), George Hunt (on the Ecosystems of the Bering Sea, home of 50% of the US fish catch), Vince Galluci (on the Politics of the Arctic) and finally the Canadian Studies Center's own Nadine Fabbi, introducing Arctic Indigenous political mobilization particularly in Arctic Canada.
Woodgate and Deming also teach a graduate oceanography class - The Changing Arctic Ocean - but this new class was aimed much broader. Indeed, the 2011 class drew students in widely varying subjects, including oceanography, biology, engineering, astronomy, computer science, environmental science, aquatic and fisheries science, languages, psychology, sociology, architecture, ethnic studies, communications, law, political science, anthropology, art, international studies, health sciences, human design, and comparative religion - a true cross-section of the University, and a living example of the breadth of interest in the Arctic from communities at lower latitudes.
For more about "Arctic Change" see the course website at http://psc.apl.washington.edu/ArcticChange11.html
The Canadian Studies Center is the Council Representative for the University of Washington's membership in University of the Arctic. UW students are eligible to apply for a major in Circumpolar Studies via UArctic membership.
Francisco Ibanez-Carrasco, Ontario HIV Treatment Network, David Brennan, University of Toronto and Charles Emlet, University of Washington Tacoma
Charles Emlet, Professor of Social Work at the University of Washington Tacoma and Canadian colleagues from the University of Toronto, Ryerson University and the Ontario HIV Treatment Network presented initial results from their study on older adults living with HIV in Ontario at the 20th Annual Canadian Conference on HIV/AIDS Research, held in Toronto, Ontario, in April.
The poster session entitled Protective and risk factors associated with HIV stigma in a population of older adults living with HIV, examined factors associated with increased stigma among 377 adults, 50 years of age and older, that are enrolled in the Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study. This research is funded by a grant from the Government of Canada (Emlet, PI) as well as a grant to Dr. David Brennan, Assistant Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social work at the University of Toronto from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Additional presentations and publications from the results of this research are expected in the coming months.
This program was supported, in part, by a Faculty Research Grant from the Government of Canada.
Reflections from the Evaluator of the SIS 495A Task Force on Arctic Governance
By Julie Gourley, U.S. Senior Arctic Official, Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs, U.S. Department of State and Expert Evaluator, Task Force yee
Julia Gourley, (second from right, front), U.S. Senior Arctic Official, Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs, U.S. Department of State, poses with the Task Force class at the end of the Expert Evaluation.
On March 10, 2011, I served as the evaluator for the Task Force 2011 project entitled, “Melting Boundaries: Rethinking Arctic Governance.” The undergraduate participants in this project did an outstanding job with their research and policy recommendations. They clearly put a lot of work into their individual topics, and each student or group of students gave an excellent presentation.
The students exhibited creativity in developing their recommendations to governments. Some of the recommendations were very similar to policies the U.S. State Department has already pursued or is considering pursuing. Others were insightful and creative even if not practical (which they would not know without the full picture across government). It was clear from their work that they were intellectually interested in the subject and learned a lot from their research and their excursion to Canada where they met with a number of key players in Arctic policy both in Canada and the U.S.
The experience was also valuable for me. It is always good for government policymakers to be exposed to fresh thinking on key issues we handle on a daily basis. It is good to learn that college students are now studying the Arctic and thinking about policy for the region. An Arctic-focused program of study would hopefully encourage students to consider careers in the federal government, particularly in foreign policy. The government needs smart, energetic, creative thinkers to make the best policy for the United States, and foreign policy is not something most college undergraduate students think about for their future careers. This program at the Jackson School is very unique in that it targets undergraduate students – something very few American colleges and universities are doing to my knowledge.
The Task Force on Arctic Governance is a joint program between the Canadian and Global Studies Centers in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington and part of the Canadian Studies Center and Makivik Corporation, Nunavik, Canada, Educational Initiative. The 2011 Ottawa Research Trip was sponsored by the Canadian and Global Studies Title VI grants, International Education Programs Service, U.S. Department of Education; Government of Canada; Hellmann Fund for Innovation and Excellence; Maxwell M. and Julia Fisher Endowment; International Studies Program Discretionary Fund; Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies; Wilburforce Foundation, Seattle; and Makivik Corporation.
Hine Waitere, New Zealand, Director of Indigenous Leadership Centre, Te Whare Wananga o Awanuiarangi, Tribal University of Awanuiarangi, Whakatane, NZ, in deep conversation with Dr. Jenny Lawn, Massey University, NZ and Dr. Sue Abel, University of Aukland, NZ.
I had the honor this February 21-24 to attend an International Research Linkage Workshop – Living Together Differently: Indigene-Settler-Migrant Relations in Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand – to generate comparative interdisciplinary research programs and publications. A goal of our intensive two-day workshop was to further cement an emerging interdisciplinary research network between teams of scholars working on issues of redress, reconciliation, and national futures in Canada and Aotearoa, New Zealand. The workshop enhanced comparative discussions and put plans in order to lay the groundwork for a more extensive, permanent, research network. More specifically, we focused was on the types of sociality and ethics of care imagined as the basis for future relationships between particular communities within settler nations.
Both Canada and Aotearoa, New Zealand are “settler nations” in which national governments, in recent decades, have engaged in a politics of apology and redress. Such redress politics aim to repair past injustices in order to heal conflict-ridden relationships with indigenous peoples and former immigrant communities, aiming to build more peaceful futures and to manage and celebrate diversity within nations. Apologies and reparations are always Janus-faced in that they simultaneously look backwards to the past as well as forward toward a “reconciled” future. The question of the limits and possibilities of the future intercultural relationships that such “reconciliation” processes generate is pivotal for settler nations such as Canada and Aotearoa, New Zealand that are deemed to be global exemplars of pluralist nation-states.
As an American Indian Studies scholar I was interested in discussing and critiquing the initiative Canada has taken in using Human Rights resolution models such as Truth and Reconciliation and reparations to bring Canadian Aboriginal peoples into conversation with the state for historical injustices. The Indigenous peoples of Aotearoa, New Zealand – the Maori – have also been involved with such a model for building new more aware decolonized political and social relations with that state for over two decades.
Samah Sabra, ABD, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada and Dr. Karla Milo-Schaeff, University of Otago, Wellington, NZ
I was excited to participate in this research network for a number of reasons but most importantly to strengthen the UW relationship with such an endeavor and to expand the strength of Canadian research on our campus. Participation enabled me to update my materials for my classes on American Indian and Canadian Aboriginal family and child histories.
Dian Million (Athabascan), Assistant Professor, American Indian Studies, explores the politics of knowledge and intellectual production for Native and Indigenous peoples. Her book manuscript is Therapeutic Nations: State violence, Indigenous community healing in a Neoliberal World Order.
Travel for participation and research was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Government of Canada.
Sponsors and discussants pose for a photo following the symposium. From left, Greg Poelzer and Heather Exner-Pirot, International Centre for Northern Governance; Ken Coates, University of Waterloo; Gary Wilson, University of Northern British Columbia; Thierry Rodon, Université Laval; Beverly Young, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada; and Ross Macdonald, Transport Canada.
In mid-March the International Centre for Northern Governance and Development, University of Saskatchewan, hosted a DFAIT symposium to showcase the research of past Circumpolar Fellowship recipients including Nadine Fabbi. Sixteen graduate students from across Canada – representing political science, history, education and other disciplines – provided differing approaches to Canadian policy initiatives in the Arctic.
Nadine, a doctoral student with the Educational Leadership and Policy studies program at the University of British Columbia, was one of ten students to be awarded a Canada’s Role in the Circumpolar World research fellowship in 2010. The fellowship supported the research and writing of the paper, “Toward a National Inuit Education Strategy.” Fabbi’s research explores the relationship between new concepts of territory found in international relations theory, particularly as these theories related to the Arctic region; and emerging Arctic foreign and educational policies.
Canada’s Role in the Circumpolar World research fellowships are co-sponsored by University of the Arctic and Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, and are facilitated by the International Centre for Northern Governance and Development. The purpose of the fellowships is to foster innovative research and policy development on a range of issues related to Canada in the circumpolar world.
Funding to attend the symposium was provided by the Government of Canada and the Center’s Title VI grant, U.S. Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
|Rich Watts (far right), French and Italian Studies, organized the visit by Marshall. From right, Albert Sbragia, Chair, French and Italian Studies; Bob Marshall (fill in affiliation here); and Marcia Ostashewski, Canada-US Fulbright Visiting Chair.|
Academics are nomads of sorts, and academic departments typically too fixed and confining a home for us. I arrived at the University of Washington in Fall 2009, having spent the previous 11 years at Tulane University in New Orleans as faculty in French Studies but with affiliations in several interdisciplinary programs. As pleased as I am to have landed in a vibrant department of French and Italian Studies at the UW, it has been equally gratifying to be invited into other intellectual homes on campus, and one of the most lively and welcoming has been the Canadian Studies Center.
My research in francophone postcolonial studies (cf. Packaging Post/Coloniality: The Manufacture of Literary Identity in the Francophone World, 2005) has tended not to focus on French-speaking Canada, but my undergraduate courses and graduate seminars address the challenge that Québec and other francophone regions in Canada pose to dominant ways of thinking about global “francophonia.” At once wholly removed from the French colonial sphere and yet resolutely postcolonial (in its relation to Canadian and U.S. “anglophonia”), Québec dramatically alters our expectations of the cultural alignments that a francophone space can maintain with France and, for that matter, with other francophone countries.
It was with a view to getting scholars in and beyond French Studies to think differently about Québec that I obtained support from the Canadian Studies Center for the visit of Prof. William Marshall of the University of Stirling, Scotland. Marshall’s earlier scholarship on Québec (cf. Quebec National Cinema, 2001) sought to understand the province’s cinema on its own local or “national” terms. His most recent work, The French Atlantic: Travels in Culture and History (2010) casts Québec in a more global frame.
On January 13, 2011, he presented work from this recent project at the UW, focusing on how films such as Le crime d’Ovide Plouffe and novels such as Maria Chapdelaine trouble the presumed filiation of Québec to France, signaling instead its role as a culturally autonomous but connected site in “a decentered French Atlantic.” Many thanks to Canadian Studies for sponsoring a stimulating talk that led to a spirited discussion among scholars and students from a broad range of fields.
Richard Watts is Associate Professor of French in the Division of French and Italian Studies. He has research and teaching interests in the literature and cinema of the francophone world and is currently at work on a project that examines the rhetoric of environmental change in contemporary cultural texts.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
|Morna and Michael Papritz.
At Kentridge High School in Kent, I have been teaching an Advanced Placement human geography course for juniors and seniors for the past six years. One of our major units in geography during the year is a focus on cultures around the world. I have been fortunate to have established a relationship with the Canadian Studies Center that provides guest speakers for the classes. My students have had the opportunity to listen to valuable information about Canada far beyond the scope of what they realized cultural elements of Canada to be. From learning about the Inuit language and culture and understanding how the political border between the U.S. and Canada has altered cultural traits of certain people, my students have received a wealth of information about our neighbors to the north.
In December Morna McEachern, Social Work and Affiliated Faculty of the Center, showed clips from Travels Across the Medicine Line and then talked about the effect of the Canadian-U.S. border on social welfare outcomes, policies and practices as they pertain to two disproportionately poor groups that are often divided by the border and thus social services – Indigenous peoples and refugees.
|Morna addresses a cultural geography class at Kent Meridian High School.
All these guest speaking engagements were made possible from the ongoing presentations I went to while attending the numerous social studies leadership conferences that took place over the years at Lake Chelan in March. Nadine Fabbi did a tremendous job of bringing Canada to life while presenting and then she later became a vital liaison in coordinating guest speakers for my geography courses. The Canadian Studies Center and Nadine have given my high school students a greater depth of understanding regarding Canada that they would not have otherwise been exposed to. I look for to using individuals at the center in the future to continue to give my students exposure on the importance of Canada.
Morna’s visit was funded by the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada and Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
|From left, Vancouver artist, Susan McCallum, Charlotte, Charlotte’s niece Jenoah, and Cynthia del Rosario, UW Director of Graduate Recruitment and Retention.|
The Book Launch Event on October 28th for Spirits of Our Whaling Ancestors was a great success! Tleko (thank you) to my family from Canada who came to support me and shared our beautiful Tseshaht songs and dances with the audience. I also want to thank the University of Washington Press and the Burke Museum for making this a wonderful event. Tleko to my family and friends, and everyone who came to show your support and helped make this such a memorable evening. Uu'uq ch'ap'ap 'athle'itsuu - You all make me happy!
Following the removal of the gray whale from the Endangered Species list in 1994, the Makah tribe of northwest Washington State announced that they would revive their whale hunts; their relatives, the Nuu-chah-nulth Nation of British Columbia, shortly followed suit. The Makah whale hunt of 1999 was an event of international significance, connected to the worldwide struggle for aboriginal sovereignty and to the broader discourses of environmental sustainability, treaty rights, human rights, and animal rights. It was met with enthusiastic support and vehement opposition.
|SOLEFood inner city farm located on a quarter acre in Vancouver's downtown eastside.|
Lucy Jarosz's research project, "How Local Food Systems Address Hunger" compares how hunger is addressed through community gardening and urban farming in Vancouver, British Columbia, and Seattle, Washington. Through a series of interviews with gardeners, urban farmers, food distribution and food banking directors, it examines the motivations and experiences of the people working to produce and distribute fresh, locally and organically grown produce to those who cannot afford to buy it. This comparative project investigates the emergence and development of urban gardening and farming projects designed to give food to those most vulnerable members of each community in order to identify the constraints and challenges local food systems face as the numbers of hungry people increase in each nation due to changes in social policy, the current economic crisis and the continued global and regional rise in food prices.
|La Cosecha Community Garden, which blends art and food and is part of the HEAL Program, a diabetes self-management program for Spanish-speaking residents of Vancouver.|
Lucy Jarosz is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geography. Her research centers upon food and agriculture, rural poverty and inequality, and rural development and environmental change. She was awarded a 2010-11 Faculty Research Grant from the Government of Canada for her project comparing local food systems in British Columbia and Washington. For Professor Jarosz's homepage see: http://faculty.washington.edu/jarosz/.
Nadine Fabbi was awarded a Leadership Award from the Education Leadership and Policy Studies program at the University of British Columbia to support her research on political activism occurring in the Arctic with a focus on the role of Canada's Inuit and Arctic higher education.
|Nadine with students from Sakha State University in Yakutsk, Siberia at the University of the Arctic meeting in June 2010.|
Arctic Aboriginal peoples are engaged in Arctic foreign policy and educational policy at the international level for the first time in history. They have claimed Permanent Participant status on the Arctic Council, a high-level intergovernmental body formed in 1996. This status provides Arctic peoples with a legitimate voice in resolving transnational issues almost on par with nation-states. In 2001 the Council endorsed University of the Arctic (UArctic), an international network of mostly Arctic institutions created in part to provide policy-relevant research to the Council. The UArctic mission is to provide education in, for and by northerners and claims to have a strong Aboriginal epistemological foundation. What is occurring in terms of the political mobilization of Arctic Aboriginal peoples has the potential to impact foreign policy and higher education in innovative ways.
The Inuit are one of eight Arctic Aboriginal peoples who are playing a key role in Circumpolar governance via the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (Canada's national Inuit association), the Inuit Circumpolar Council (international Inuit association), the Arctic Council and UArctic. Recently the Inuit have redrawn the map of Canada, renamed the Arctic region, and established an international Inuit sovereignty declaration. Nadine's research addresses these effective political strategies and asks what the impact of policy and spatial/territorial activism will have on Arctic foreign and educational policy in the future.
|Morna McEachern relaxing in Italy after being awarded her doctorate in Social Work.|
Morna McEachern completed her PhD in social welfare policy in June and has been hired to teach history and policy courses in the Master’s of Social Work program at the University of Washington’s (UW) School of Social Work. Her primary research focuses on comparing Canadian and U.S. sexual health education policies and their relationship to teen pregnancy in both countries. She is also contributing to a study about the effects of different Canadian and U.S. social welfare safety nets on the social well-being of families and communities who find themselves divided by the 49th Parallel.
The study focuses on the many Indigenous communities and the most recent immigrants including refugees. In addition to teaching at the UW, Morna is also an affiliated faculty member of the University of Victoria in British Columbia where she is continuing her historical research about the divergence and convergence of sexual health education policies and practices in Canada and the United States.
Morna was an affiliated graduate student of the Canadian Studies Center during her doctoral program and served as Chair of the Annual Canadian Studies Graduate Symposium in 2008-09, Re-imagining Health Care: What we can Learn from Canada. The symposium was co-chaired by the UW Canada-U.S. Fulbright Visiting Chair, Michael Orsini, University of Ottawa. (For more on the annual symposium see http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/graduate/symposium.shtml.)
|Dr. Emlet, Social Work, UW Tacoma (right) and Dr. David Brennan, University of Toronto, review data for their research project.|
Dr. Charles Emlet of the University of Washington Tacoma and Dr. David Brennan of the University of Toronto has initiated an analysis of date from the Ontario HIV Treatment Network (OHTN) cohort study. In the first research project of its kind, Drs. Emlet and Brennan, along with other Canadian colleagues, are examining data on older adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ontario Canada. The research hopes to elucidate both the characteristic of older adults in Ontario with HIV disease but also to better understand both protective factors and deleterious elements that impact their lives.
Data for this project was provided to the researchers through the Ontario HIV Treatment Network (OHTN). The Ontario HIV Treatment Network is a collaborative network of researchers, health service providers, policy makers, community members and people with HIV who work together to promote excellence and innovation in HIV treatment, research, education in Ontario.
Data analysis has just begun on the 1129 adults age 50 and over include in the OHTN cohort study data. Drs. Emlet and Brennan have enlisted the assistance of Sarah Brennenstuhl, a doctoral student in Public Health and the University of Toronto to assist with analysis. The researchers hope to have initial analysis completed after the beginning of 2011.
Charles Emlet is a professor in the Social Work Program at UW Tacoma campus.
This research projected is supported, in part, by a Research Grant Program, Government of Canada awarded to Dr. Emlet. To find out more about UW faculty research on cross-border and Canadian issues see http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/faculty/research.shtml.
|Stephen Blank (right), Senior Fellow, Centre for International Governance Innovation, is introduced by Douglas MacLachlan, Chair, Department of Marketing and International Business, Professor of Marketing, and Marion Ingersoll Endowed Professor.|
Visiting professor Stephen Blank provided a lecture to the students in Professor Mike Giambattita’s International Marketing course, MKTG 470 International Marketing entitled, “The Interface of Local, National and Global Production Systems: The North American Auto Industry". As the focus of his presentation, Dr Blank asked the students to examine a diagram of a module that becomes part of a finished car – a rear suspension assembly produced by Martinrea, a Canadian Tier I auto supplier, for a number of GM cars. Looking at this diagram, the students and Dr. Blank discussed changes in the structure of the auto industry including the decentralization of the supply chain network, the impact of logistics in this new system and factors that currently affect the North American freight transportation system, and the globalization of the auto supplier network. The class concluded with a discussion of the likely future of the auto industry in North America.
Giambattista’s course introduces the importance and management issues of international marketing. Students build on fundamental marketing concepts and their practical applications. Knowledge is used to analyze and understand international marketing as an integrated system. Most of the students in the course are candidates for the Foster Business School's highly regarded Certificate of International Studies in Business Program. The students felt that Blank’s lecture was informative and that it offered a new perspective on the high degree of integration of the Canada-U.S. auto industry.
|Dr. Blank explains the interconnectedness of the North American auto industry to students.|
The materials used in the class can be found on the Portal for North America website.
Dr. Blank is a Senior Fellow of the Centre for International Governance Innovation that supports the Portal.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service as part of the North American Economic Partnerships initiative with the Global Business Center, UW Foster School of Business.
|Brinda Jegatheesan joined the Center as an Affiliated Faculty in Spring 2008.|
Three Cowichan First Nations Elders (a medicine woman, a native language teacher and a social worker) visited the UW campus in October 2010. The elders are currently working with Dr. Brinda Jegatheesan (Assistant Professor, College of Education) in her research studies on native language preservation and loss, and human-animal interaction and its impact on vulnerable native children. The elders live on a reservation on Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
The elders presented in Jegatheesan’s undergraduate course, EDSPE 419 Families with Young Children with Special and Diverse Needs. The course consisted of 88 Early Childhood seniors and juniors in the College of Education. Using ceremonial drums and rattles, the elders sang, prayed and narrated stories on various issues that impacted native families and their children. As elders who survived the residential schools, they talked about the impact of these schools at the societal, familial and individual level. The stressed on the loss of language, culture, traditional knowledge and parenting skills, loss of connections to relatives and community and a loss of identity. They spoke to the importance of culture and language preservation in young native children, the learning styles that were unique to these children, indigenous beliefs about children with special needs and traditional health and wellness intervention practices.
Majority of the undergraduate students revealed that they were unaware of the residential schools and that their exposure to native people was through books and cinemas, making it a first time for them to meet native people ‘face to face.’ The elders made a personal request to the undergraduate students, as the next generation of teachers and service providers, to be culturally responsive and compassionate to the needs of native families and children, and most importantly to believe that native children can learn and be successful in schools.
Brinda Jegatheesan is an Assistant Professor in the College of Education and Affiliated Faculty with the Canadian Studies Center. In the summer of 2010 she was awarded a Center research grant to further her research project on First Nation language preservation on Vancouver Island and has a program grant in 2011 to further First Nation guest visits to the UW. These projects are supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada and Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
Dr. Jegatheesan is an educational anthropologist. She is multilingual in six languages. One of her main areas of scholarly work concerns multilingualism and socialization among immigrants and indigenous children in the United States. She has studied Qur’anic language learning among Muslim children with autism in the Midwest and is currently nearing completion of native language retention among East Asian children with autism in Seattle.
|Helen Joe (7 years), Cowichan tribe child|
Using a naturalistic research design, this study examines the indigenous language learning experiences of the First Nations children from the Cowichan tribe in British Columbia. Participants in the study are young children ages 7–10 years old. The children are currently learning their indigenous language at home and in the community, supported by opportunities provided by their local tribal school and elders.
Data collection for this study consists of observations of everyday indigenous language use between caregiver and child at home and community. Child friendly interviews with the child examines children’s perceptions and feelings pertaining to learning and using their indigenous language. Interviews with the caregivers and elders in the community provides an in-depth understanding on their beliefs for the need for indigenous language preservation, the role these languages play in the lives of their younger and future Cowichan generation.
The above study will contribute to the strength of Canadian content in Dr. Jegatheesan’s ongoing research on ‘multilingual socialization and native language loss and retention’ among immigrant and indigenous children in the Pacific Northwest. Results from this study will also be used in Dr. Jegatheesan’s Language and Culture course in Winter 2011.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant.
Anne Goodchild, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and graduate student Matthew Klein traveled to Canada this past summer, thanks to a Government of Canada Student Mobility grant. The grant funding helped support a comparative tour of two different border regions at the US-Canada border: Vancouver and the Cascades Gateway region, and the Toronto, Ontario, Detroit, and the Great Lakes region border crossings.
During the study tour, Professor Goodchild and Matt learned about some of the different organizational and physical structures of border and regional organizations. Their schedule was packed, and they met with engineers, business officials, faculty experts, and even had the pleasure of chatting with the Toronto police regarding their "suspicious activities!" (Said suspicious activities involved taking photos of interesting architecture around the city.)
Professor Goodchild and Matt also crossed the border in multiple locations and took public transit in order to better assess the border crossings and border regions. As part of their project, they have created a fascinating blog: Goods Movement Collaborative. They have plans to add to the blog, so be sure to bookmark it and check back frequently!
This project was supported by funding from a Student Mobility Grant, Government of Canada.
|Tiffany enjoys poutine while on Commercial Drive during the study tour.
Tiffany Grobelski is a graduate student in the Geography Department, and she recently finished her master’s thesis, The Dynamics of Scale in EU Environmental Governance: A Case Study of Integrated Permitting in Poland. She is interested in the political aspects of environmental policy, especially the opportunities for the public to pursue environmental goals and express environmental grievance using the unprecedented legal infrastructure laid out by the EU. In future work, she hopes to incorporate other case studies, in order to have a more comparative approach.
The Canadian Studies Center, along with the Center for West European Studies, piloted an exciting new study abroad program this summer. The goal of the program was to take a comparative look at environmental policy approaches of Europe, the US, and Canada—at national, regional, and municipal levels. The program brought together a diverse group of ten students—five master’s students from Europe, as well as three undergraduates and one graduate student from UW. What transpired over the five weeks was not only a cultural exchange among the students themselves, but also a cultural immersion experience in Canada.
|The group at UW Tacoma. Back row, left to right: Martin Su, Emily Cousins, Stefan Goetz, Britta Tunestam, Lisa Kastner, Tiffany Grobelski, Will Kelly, Greg Shelton (program director). Front row: Victoria Choe, Andrea Lode, Naomi Van Loon|
We were bombarded with different perspectives on environmental policy. We spent two weeks at the University of Washington, followed by three weeks at the University of British Columbia. During those five weeks we engaged with policymakers, city planners, environmental consulting firms, private sector and NGO representatives, public officials, and academics from a variety of disciplines. We wrestled with difficult questions, such as what terms like “sustainability” and “green” actually mean when it comes to on-the-ground implementation. What political realities stand in the way of “greening” public policy? What are the unintended consequences of even the best-intentioned policy?
Among the highlights of the program was a glimpse at the policy initiatives at all three ports in the region (Tacoma, Seattle, Vancouver), a meeting with the mayor of Whistler to discuss the city’s sustainability policies, and lectures coupled with a walking tour detailing Vancouver’s profile as a “green” city. I think my classmates and the instructor, Greg Shelton, would agree that this program was an invigorating one. It was a productive, rewarding experience for all involved.
Regarding the course, Tiffany said: "I was attracted by finally being able to do an actual course on all the "green stuff" instead of just muddling through by myself by turning off lights and the like. The program's most attractive feature must be the combination of European and American / International students and the two places of the program (Seattle / Vancouver). The topic was interesting to me, especially the prospect of traveling to and learning more about Canada.
This program was instructed by Greg Shelton, Canadian Studies affiliated faculty member and Instructor and Managing Director of Global Trade, Transportation, and Logistics Studies. Greg's area of expertise is international trade and US-Canada cross-border trade and transportation issues. This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
Dr. Herschensohn’s research focuses on second language acquisition. She argues that language acquisition is not simply derived through communicative experience, but rather the resetting of parameters and transfer of already acquired grammatical principles within the lexicon of the new language.
The Linguistics Symposium on Romance Languages was held at the UW in late March—the third time that the UW hosted this important conference. On its fortieth anniversary, the Symposium featured a special parasession, “Sharing and Differing in Romance Bilingual Contact Environments,” with keynote addresses by internationally recognized specialists in Romance linguistics, Maria-Luisa Zubizarreta, University of Southern California; Donka Farkas, University of California, Santa Cruz; and Jurgen Klausenburger, UW. The conference attracted about one hundred participants from nine countries in Europe and the Americas. Eighteen of the fifty-two presentations were authored by Canadian linguists representing the University of Alberta, University of Ottawa, Carleton University, University of Toronto, and University of Québec, Montréal.
The parasession explored how languages in contact—for example, French and English in Canada, Quechua and Spanish in South America, and standard Italian and dialects—assimilate and dissimilate to each other in phonology, morphology, syntax, and other linguistic domains. For example, Michael Freisner of the University of Québec, Montréal, talked about the influence of English loan words on Montréal French vowels.
The symposium continued a decades long tradition of annual conferences on the topic of theoretical Romance linguistics, sponsored and organized by different scholars at North American institutions each year. Widely acknowledged to be the most prestigious annual conference in Romance linguistics, and funded exclusively by the host institution, the Symposium benefited from the support of the Canadian Studies Center to attract participation from prominent senior scholars and graduate students alike. Finally, the publication of selected and refereed research from the symposium will ensure a broad impact on the fields of Romance and general theoretical linguistics.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, U.S. Department of Education, Office of International Education and Graduate Program Service.
|From left, Paul Hirschbuhler, University of Ottawa; Marie Labelle, University of Québec, Montréal; Michael Herschensohn; and Julia Herschensohn.|
|Anne Goodchild joined other prominent scholars at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., to share perspectives on Canada-U.S. trade and to present practical recommendations to federal policy-makers.|
Anne Goodchild, Civil and Environmental Engineering, presented a paper written with graduate student Matt Klein at the Seminar on Canada-U.S. Border Management Policy Issues, which was sponsored by the Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University, and hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC. The paper, entitled, “Near Border Operations and Logistical Efficiency: Implications for Policy Makers,” was part of the panel, “Incremental Changes to Freight Processes.” The paper describes the logistics and practices near the Canada-U.S. border at Blaine, Washington, discovered through a recent survey of border crossers. The research suggests that policy changes would improve border operations, reduce truck miles travelled, emissions, and delays.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
|Charlotte with members of the Zapatista Junta (Government) of Oventik who are proud that everything they grow in their region is organic.|
Charlotte Coté, American Indian Studies, is currently researching Native food sovereignty issues. Her plan is to research how Canadian First Nations and other indigenous groups are making a strong effort to reconnect to their traditional foods as a way to strengthen their communities and identities. “Numerous studies conducted on indigenous peoples globally found that they have the worst health and nutrition of all communities in all countries world-wide,” says Charlotte. “In Canada and the United States, Aboriginal people suffer from chronic, debilitating, and life-threatening illnesses. As a way to overcome these major health problems, Native people are looking at ways to reincorporate traditional foods back into their diets and to restore cultural food practices.” Charlotte’s research took her to Chiapas where the Mayan people have maintained a cultural connection to their foods. This is becoming increasingly difficult as the Mexican Government continues to apply pressure to exploit the resources in the area. Since their revolt in 1994 the indigenous Zapitistas continue to fight for their homelands and for the right to subsist of these lands.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
Annette Henry is a professor of Education at the University of Washington, Tacoma.
|Annette Henry (left) with guest speaker Özlem Sensoy from Simon Fraser University|
On May 11, 2010, Michelle Pidgeon, assistant professor of Higher Education at Simon Fraser University spoke with my education class at University of Washington Tacoma via a 90-minute video conference, giving a talk entitled "Indigenous Perspectives on Success, Responsibility, and Accountability in Higher Education."
Dr. Pidgeon shared findings from her research that shed light on how universities and colleges can become more successful places for Indigenous peoples. She gave examples from Indigenous research and practice that reframe the conversation to focus on institutional transformation through Indigenous understandings of success, responsibility, and accountability. Her presentation was welcomed by these educators, many of whom work with various marginalized populations in school settings. It allowed them to ask questions and make connections with their own practice. It also provided a broader, comparative and international context for understanding educational success, institutional transformation for Aboriginal youth in Canada.
On May 25th, Özlem Sensoy, also an assistant professor of Social Studies and Multicultural Education from Simon Fraser University, came to the UWT campus and spoke with the same class regarding The Breadwinner, a popular young adult novel about a Muslim girl in Taliban-run Afghanistan, a book embraced by Canadian and U.S. teachers and schools especially since 9/11.
Her talk, entitled "Saving Muslim Girls: The Curricular Construction of a Deficit Discourse," helped teachers examine how novels like The Breadwinner are best understood in a contemporary sociopolitical context in which Muslim girls in developing nations are constructed as the objects of Western interventions on a range of military, economic, humanitarian and educational fronts, and how this construction simultaneously and unproblematically positions Western girlhood as empowered, feminist, and liberated.
Both speakers helped us gain a better understanding of Canadian, North American, and international issues. Both Dr. Sensoy and Dr. Pidgeon helped us examine the ideological underpinnings of marginalized, racialized, and gendered groups and encouraged us as educators to reflect upon our assumptions about curriculum and pedagogy.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education Programs Service.
|From front, Rob Williams; David Rosen, Marine Mammal Research Unit, University of British Columbia; Trevor Branch, UW School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences (SAFS); Dawn Noren, Northwest Fisheries Science Center; Martin Krkosek, SAFS; and Erin Ashe, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
While migrating from California to Alaska, whales transit a number of local, regional, national and international jurisdictions, and the laws in these locations affect the way we manage and protect whales and their habitat. Dr. Rob Williams, 2009-10 Canada- U.S. Fulbright Visiting Research Chair, will spend six months at University of Washington (UW), writing about Canadian and U.S. research and policy regarding marine mammal conservation.
Williams is a natural scientist from the Marine Mammal Research Unit at University of British Columbia (UBC), who earned his PhD from University of St. Andrews, Scotland. He will be working with scientists, policy analysts and environmental lawyers to explore transboundary (Canada-U.S.) issues in marine conservation. For 15 years, Williams has conducted conservationminded research on whales, with foundation funding, and has been a member of the International Whaling Commission’s Scientific Committee for 10 years. While at UW, he will examine case studies on anthropogenic ocean noise and nutritional requirements of killer whales. Canadian and U.S. legislation requires us to protect critical habitat of threatened species, but countries manage human activities in whale habitat in different ways.
Whale habitat must contain sufficient prey to meet animals’ nutritional needs. This is a key component of ecosystem based fishery management. Resident killer whales of British Columbia and Washington State feed primarily on Chinook salmon. As Canada and the United States adopt policies that take an ecosystem approach to managing salmon fisheries, one step is to estimate how much salmon is needed to maintain and recover vulnerable populations of killer whales, which could serve as icons of ecosystem-based fishery management.
In December, Williams hosted an interdisciplinary workshop at UW, involving physiologists from UBC and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and fisheries and ecological modelers from UW’s School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences. Together, the team integrated datasets from SeaWorld, government and independent scientists to estimate energetic requirements of these top predators. Their results have wide-reaching policy implications, but could feed immediately into recovery plans of agencies on both sides of the border.
Chronic ocean noise is another factor degrading whale habitat. Oceans are noisy, with ambient noise levels in some locations doubling every decade for the last 40 years. This trend will affect whales, which rely on sound to communicate. While military sonar makes headlines, a more insidious problem is chronic ocean noise from global shipping activities. Underwater noise can mask whale communication, resulting in acoustic habitat loss that is to whales what clear cut logging of rainforest is to coastal grizzly bears. The key difference, of course, is that marine habitat quality improves immediately when noise is reduced. Williams is hosting a symposium at UW in early 2010 to bring together acousticians, marine conservation biologists and policy analysts from across Canada and the United States to discuss acoustic masking. The acoustic ecology symposium builds on a two-year field study he conducted with Cornell University; participants will model the extent to which whale calls are masked by shipping noise, and make recommendations for mitigation and for best policies.
Williams looks forward to working with faculty and students across UW, and sharing his knowledge of marine wildlife and conservation. “Canada and the United States, each in its way, have progressive policies to protect whales and dolphins. The Fulbright provides an unparalleled opportunity to conduct research to evaluate lessons learned about how best to protect critical habitat of highly mobile and migratory species.”
The Canada-U.S. Fulbright Chair was established in 2006 by an agreement between the UW Vice Provost for International Education and the Foundation for Educational Exchange between Canada and the United States. The Chair is sponsored by Global Affairs, Social Sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences, the Graduate Fund for Excellence and Innovation, and the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies.
Annette Henry is a Professor of Education at UW Tacoma specializing in multicultural and multilingual education.
|Annette Henry (left) with colleagues at the Toronto Institute.|
Based upon an urgent need to improve education for Toronto’s diverse students, York University and several schools in the North York/Toronto have embarked upon a three-year partnership that involves various members of the community (staff, parents, students, practitioners, activists, administrators). In May 2008, I was invited to participate in the project as well as to provide workshops at a two-day “kick-off” institute. I was invited as someone who has conducted research on culture and learning in the Toronto schools and who brings US cross-cultural, multicultural knowledge and practitioner experience. During the institute questions of student learning, mentoring and counseling, parental involvement, curriculum, pedagogy and school organization were also addressed.
I applied for a Canadian Studies Program Enhancement Grant to continue to work and learn with my Canadian colleagues. I participated in a three-day institute with the same teachers and members of the larger community on August 18-20, 2009. The institute was hosted by York University’s Center for Community Engagement, directed by Dr. Carl James. During this visit, I participated as an ethnographer/participant observer. This enabled me to explore possibilities for ongoing researcher, practitioner, or student collaborations/exchanges (either physical or virtual) and to consider ways that my own research and teaching at the UW can be informed by the collaborative project. Importantly, it enabled me to participate in follow-up conversations with some of the teachers from last year. There were also several opportunities for intensive small-group discussions centered on specific issues with a range of community members. Over 80 people attended including York faculty, Toronto District School Board administrators, teachers, school principals, social service agencies, high school students, graduate students, mentors, parents, and community members associated with Brookview middle school, Oakdale middle school, Shoreham K-5 school, Westview Centennial Secondary school, all in the Jane-Finch Area.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
Charles A. Emlet is an associate professor of Social Work at UW Tacoma. He has worked as both a practitioner and research in aging and HIV since the 1980s.
|Charles Emlet (left) and David Brennan, University of Toronto.|
Similar to the epidemiological trends of the United States, Canada is experiencing increasing numbers of adults, age 50 and over, living with HIV disease. This increase is due not only to growing numbers of new infections among older adults, but to the increased longevity of people living with HIV/AIDS as a result of the success of HIV medications. While some epidemiological data exists on this population throughout Canada, little is known about the psychosocial and health related issues of this emerging population.
Dr. Charles Emlet from the University of Washington, Tacoma is teaming up with Dr. David Brennan from the Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work at the University of Toronto to explore these factors. Drs. Emlet and Brennan met at the University of Toronto this August to plan an initial study of older adults living with HIV/AIDS in the Greater Toronto area. Collaboration with community-based partners is part of the plan. The researchers hope to gather data on the demographic profile of older adults with HIV/AIDS, as well as obtain data on psychosocial issues such as stigma, depression, substance abuse and health related issues such as access to medical care, comorbidity and medication adherence. This research could make great strides in understanding the needs and issues of this population beyond simple demographic characteristics. The researchers are coordinating with long standing community-based HIV providers, such as Casey House, in their efforts. It is hoped that such a project can get off the ground in the next 6-12 months.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
Natalie Debray is a lecturer in the Department of Communication at the University of Washington.
|Students from Natalie Debray's course; from left, back row: Carrie Dulisse, Eileen Schoener, Irina Safaryan, Bryden McGrath, and Ashika Chand (front)|
Although the Québec film, Barbarians Invasions, won an Oscar for Best Foreign Film in 2004, few Americans have seen it. In fact, many are unaware that a thriving film industry exists north of the border in the 6 million strong francophone province of Québec.
When given the opportunity to develop a special topics course I did not have to look far for inspiration. Creating COM 495 (Film, Culture, and Society) was a risky proposition. In the class description I left out the fact that all films we would view would be in French—and from Québec. Most students have very little knowledge of Canada and even less of the French-speaking province of Québec. Since the class is not listed as a film class or a language class per se, it would have scared off quite a number of students.
|“I sure am glad I stuck around because this class turned out to be a real gem in my university experience.” —(comment from COM 495 message board)|
As it turns out there were a few skeptical faces in the crowd on the first day of class this quarter. “But, I don’t speak French’! “A foreign film?” I am confident that quite a few of the 41 students in the class wanted out after week one. But I urged them to stay and embark on this journey—reassured them that they would be fine. And they were better than fine. Their enthusiasm and passion for the topic blossomed over the ten week course and surpassed even my own lofty expectations.
This class introduced the students to Québec and its unique, critically acclaimed, and prolific film industry. Along the way they learned even more about themselves. As a contextual course we focused on what makes Québec society distinct by examining the themes inherent in Québec film that shed light on our understanding of the people, history, and culture.
Each Monday a different topical area was discussed through lecture and readings including French and English language issues, aboriginal peoples, the decline of religion, and the sovereignty movement. On Wednesdays we watched a film which explored these various issues. After each viewing the students had to post a 2-3 page reflection on the course message board and comment on at least two of their classmate’s postings.
This exercise was intimidating at first due to its public nature. However, with each passing week the students opened up a little bit more and began looking forward to the opinions and musings of their colleagues. At times spirited debates ensued revealing the subjective nature of the film viewing experience. It was truly exciting to witness the learning, growth and camaraderie taking place in this forum.
|“I feel like I got on a ride that seemed like a good time from afar, but I wasn't really sure, and by the end I had become more aware of my peers, of myself, and, of course, of the history of Québec and its incomparable cinematic contributions. We were all smashed up against one another, and, frankly, I didn't mind it.”—Josh Williams|
Our first film, Le Chat dans le Sac (1964) is an artistic and probing look at a nascent Québec in the throes of the Quiet Revolution. Shot in black and white, this film gave insight into 1960s Montreal and for many in the class was the first foreign film experience! Some had difficulty watching this film without comparing it to the fast-paced Hollywood fare to which we are accustomed.
Students honed their film analysis skills over the course of the quarter becoming less ethnocentric with each passing week. We moved through the decades watching films by renowned directors, Denys Arcand, Robert Lepage, and Claude Jutra. A highlight of the course was watching the hockey biopic Maurice Richard: the Rocket (2005). Although a film showcasing the talents of one of the greatest hockey players of all time, it also revealed the linguistic discrimination faced by many French Canadians better than any textbook or lecture could. Coincidentally we watched this film on the same day that the Montreal Canadiens played in the NHL finals. The excitement was palpable on the message board as the students robustly cheered on their newly adopted team!
|“I knew very little about Canada prior to taking this course, and it has been amazing to learn and appreciate reflections of Québec history and identity through the medium of film. I developed greater critical thinking skills and understanding for not just Canadian films, but the cultural expression through films overall.”—Kate Clements|
Although the course focused on Québec as a case study, many of the topics including minority culture, post-colonialism, and globalization can be broadly applied. For their final project student teams explored a national film industry and presented their findings to the class. Some of the industries showcase included the films of India (Bollywood), Nollywood (Nigeria), Hong Kong and (English) Canada. The diverse projects showcased the student’s ability to critically analyze and discuss foreign films in their unique historical and cultural context.
Students came away from this course not only more aware of their neighbors to the north, but also newly minted foreign film aficionados, keenly interested in learning about other cultures. So, while for many Hollywood reigns supreme in the global marketplace, the students in COM 495 learned that a rival is in their own backyard.
|Students in Natalie Debray's class; from left, Cammy Yu, Elizabeth Simmons, Nadia Gunduc, Josh Lackey, Rowdy Sargent|
“Now I have the satisfaction of knowing a bit about the history and culture of this diverse region of Canada and I have already been able to apply this knowledge outside of class in different social settings. I have to admit that I am now whole heartedly intrigued with Québec and hope to someday visit and see for myself the culture of the Québécois.”
“I have learned so much by being open and putting myself in another culture’s shoes. What a gift!”
“I have come out of this class as a changed person. It is not only in the way I now watch movies, identifying themes and such, but also in the way I see people. There is so much to be learned from other cultures or backgrounds that having an open eye and mind to different experiences, ways of life, and beliefs/opinions are now a part of me like a gift or blessing that I am truly grateful for.”
UW Design Students Visit the Emily Carr University of Art and Design
by Christopher Ozubko
Christopher Ozubko is the Director of the School of Art and Professor of Design. He recently took six students in the School of Art's Design Studies program, accompanied by Assistant Professor Sang-gyeun Ahn, to visit the Emily Carr University of Art and Design in Vancouver, British Columbia.
|The students at Rivera Design Group LTD, the firm that designed the emblem for the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics. Elena (center) gave us a presentation on Saturday morning which was a great opportunity to learn a little more about the art of branding.|
On Friday 07 May 2010, our group of six students and two faculty left early from the University of Washington and headed north to Vancouver, British Columbia, for our arranged appointment with faculty and students of Emily Carr University of Art + Design on Granville Island. Luckily, we passed through the border without any problems, had no traffic issues, and arrived around 11:30 am, having one hour to peruse the famous Granville Market, get a snack, and visit a number of shops on the island before our meeting at 1:00 pm.
We were happily greeted at Emily Carr by students and lead to the conference room where students enjoyed a wonderful lunch, arranged by Professor Louise St. Pierre. For the first two hours, students discussed their academic experiences, some of the projects they were working on, and their concerns of what is to come after graduation with job pursuits and graduate school applications. Following this discussion, we then proceeded to the extensive Graduation Exhibition, where students from Emily Carr gave individual presentations about the projects that were installed in the thesis show. There was clearly great interest of both parties in discussing the projects, as well as suggestions and further opportunities that students might explore. Students from the Univeristy of Washington were taking copious notes and with the final summation, invited their Canadian counterparts to the Design Exposition at the University of Washington opening on Tuesday 08 June 2010.
We then proceeded to the industrial design firm, White Box Design, where founder Greg Corrigan took two hours of his time to discuss his circuitous route to becoming an industrial designer, and surviving as an industrial designer in a city possessing little manufacturing. Students were very impressed with the firm’s work, which specialized primarily with telephonics, and especially the recently designed WiFi router for Sprint USA, which we were able to test. He gave students tips on preparation for getting into the industrial design career, as well as being adaptable and flexible in this particular job climate. All in all, it was a great way to end our first professional part of the day.
|"The design field trip to Vancouver was incredibly enriching and informative. We were able to visit our Canadian counterparts and form partnerships for future interactions. I believe that these relationships and communications will be beneficial for all parties involved."—Naomi Tsukuda-Doering, senior, Industrial Design|
We then went back to the hotel and checked in. We then walked from the Granville Bridge to Robson Street, where we found a nice Japanese restaurant, had some snacks, then walked over to the Olympic Flame site, took a lot of pictures, re-enacted some Olympic feats, and walked into Gas Town, where we avoided the crowds that were intently watching the Vancouver Canuck game in every bar in the city. This was an eye-opener for many of the American students on how passionate Canadians are about their hockey. One remarked, “It’s even scarier than the Italians and their soccer!” We then walked back to the hotel and called it a night.
The next morning we headed over to visit the office of Elena Rivera, only a few blocks away, where she kindly met us on Saturday morning and took two hours of her time to relay her story about how her design was accepted as the Olympic logo. It was a fascinating story to hear about the selection process and how it effected her business and professional life when propelled into a world showcase, and all the pros and cons that entailed.
|I want to thank you for working to get the grant for us to visit Vancouver. I thought it was a great experience; learning the similarities and difference between the different design worlds, and even the differences between the design education at Emily Carr vs. UW. Seeing their show really sparked a few ideas of my own for our show!—Kelsey Boyce, senior, Design Studies|
By this time, we were quite hungry, so we headed back to the hotel, checked out, did some sight-seeing through the downtown area and Stanley Park. We stopped at Vista Point and checked out the Lion’s Gate Bridge and the spectacular view.
At the suggestion of Professor Ahn, we went to a wonderful Korean restaurant where we ate traditional Korean food. The students remarked on how internationally diverse Vancouver is. Numerous languages were being spoken everywhere. After lunch, we proceeded to Point Grey and University of British Columbia, where students discovered and explored the wonders of Arthur Erickson’s Museum of Anthropology. That was a terrific way to end our trip as we headed back to Seattle, and got back into town around 8:30 pm.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada.
In the Spring 2010 quarter, The Canadian Studies Center and the Division of French and Italian studies worked together to create a 2-credit advanced conversation course, La Culture québécoise contemporaine. Sponsored by the Center’s Québec Initiative, this course introduced students to some key historical moments in Québécois society, such as the passage of la loi 101 and the Independence Movement, as well as contributors to Québec’s literary, political, and cinematic worlds.
The course material had an interdisciplinary aspect in order to accommodate the range of interests of French language students, which includes International Studies, literature, and cultural studies. In particular, literary texts from different genres, such as autobiography, short-story, and science-fiction, movies by iconic filmmakers such as Denys Arcand, and the rhetoric and theories of political activists such as Pierre Vallières helped structure the course discussions. Moreover, every week course participants found newspaper articles on-line and shared them with a partner.
By researching and presenting current events, students had the chance to learn not only about different social issues shaping Québec, but also the cultural links between Québec and the United States as well as France. Ultimately, in addition to providing a general point of departure for learning about this vibrant region of the French-speaking world, this course enabled students from across disciplines to come together in an intimate classroom environment to develop their conversation abilities.
|"I greatly appreciated the opportunity to travel to Québec to experience the geographical layout and culture of the cities of Montréal and Québec City and of the province as a whole. It is always beneficial to use study tours to gain knowledge to apply to our current studies and gain perspectives on different issues that we are facing in our own living environment." - Gilbert Wong (left in photo), graduate student in Landscape Architecture|
During our study tour this summer, in the province of Quebec, we visited two cities – Montréal and Québec. In each city, a number of professors, government officials and other urban experts gave lectures and tours. The course examined similarities and differences between US and Québec cities. We looked more particularly at current urban issues confronting communities in Québec. We studied the physical layout of cities, urban design and urban growth, problems related to the environment, governmental institutions as well as historical, social and cultural factors specific to Quebec cities. Students wrote a paper on a topic related to urban issues encountered in Québec.
The course also introduced the logic of comparative research in the social sciences and applied its theory and methodology to the study of Québec cities as compared to US cities. Its multidisciplinary and comparative character developed the ability to interpret and understand urban changes, changing demographics, and to analyze appropriate and sustainable strategies and policies to address urban problems in Québec and the US. Students gained a better understanding of economic, political, social, and cultural differences between Québec and the US.The course also helped them better understand the diversity of the contemporary urban world in Québec and the US and the importance of the social-cultural factors specific to each region and city in finding solutions to common urban problems. By the end of the course, students were more conversant in cross-border urban issues in Québec and the US.
|Vlad Kaczinski (center) with Jung-Keuk Kang (left), President, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Seoul, and Timothy C. Mack, President, World Future Society, Bethesda, Maryland. All attended the symposium on "Blue Economy Initiative for Green Growth" held May 7 in Seoul.|
Vladimir M. Kaczynski, School of Marine Affairs, is an affiliated faculty of the Center. Each fall he teaches a Jackson School of International Studies course, Comparative Marine Business in the North Pacific (SISRE/SMA 555).
On May 7 in Seoul, the Korean Maritime and the Korean Ocean Research and Development Institutes organized an international symposium entitled "Blue Economy Initiative for Green Growth." I presented two papers at this conference, “Present and Future of the Arctic Energy Resources Use,” and “The Arctic Era: Impact of Major Changes on Management and International Relations.”
The symposium promoted debate on Arctic affairs and contributed to the formulation of Korean policy toward the Arctic Ocean. As a non-coastal state, Korea is part of the international debate on the future of the Arctic as well as in the sustainable use of its resources.
Korea is interested in using the Northwest Passage to ship its goods to Europe. Korea also has great interest in oil and gas resources, and with its experience using technology in the icy conditions of the Sakhalin oil fields, will be a valuable partner in any joint ventures with coastal states like Canada, the US, or Russia. Canada would be an ideal partner with Korea in commercial arrangements in the Arctic.
An important part of the ensuing discussions were devoted to possible Korean economic cooperation with coastal Arctic states, including Canada as a potential partner.
Korea is calling for a peaceful settlement of conflicts, in line with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982, and avoidance of unilateral actions by countries bordering the Arctic. Such a solution would allow Korean participation in shaping the future of Arctic resource use and management and would take advantage of Korea’s industrial and research capabilities.
Comparative Marine Business in the North Pacific (SISRE/SMA 555) is supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education and Graduate Program Services.
|Fritz Wagner, Landscape Architecture (center), with students and faculty from the NEXOPOLIS research seminar in Québec City in May 2008. NEXOPOLIS is a consortium of six universities from Canada, the US, and Mexico. Students spend one quarter or semester abroad studying urban issues and problems from an urban planning perspective.|
Fritz Wagner is Research Professor and Chair of the Department of Landscape Architecture and manages the Northwest Center for Livable Communities in the College of Built Environments. He has a long-standing interest in French-speaking Canada.
Fritz Wagner visited Montréal and Québec City this spring to discuss with faculty his Summer 2009 class to Québec. Because Canada's national and provincial urban and regional planning laws differ considerably from those in the US, it is important for US students to understand these differences and how they have created different living environments for Canadians. Moreover, the urban and rural forms developed from the various Canadian laws have, in many instances, created more sustainable and livable communities from the perspective of many urban critics. Students of urbanism need to understand these differences in planning US cities and how the Canadian regulations could possibly be used in the US context.
The field trip allowed Fritz to discuss details of the class with faculty members of the University of Laval and the University of Montréal. The discussions firmed up the course content on the comparative aspects of urban planning and design. This course adds yet another vehicle for curricular content enhancement at the Canadian Studies Center. While at the University of Laval, Fritz also gave a lecture on the cultural context of urban planning and design. It was well received.
This research trip was funded, in part, by funding from the Center’s Title VI grant, US Department of Education, Office of International Education and Graduate Program Services.
International Networks in Cross-Border Public Health
The Fourth Annual Public Health Symposium: US/Canada Academic Collaboration in the Pacific Northwest was held in La Conner, Washington, 9-10 January 2009. Over 75 faculty and graduate students from UW’s School of Public Health, University of British Columbia School of Population and Public Health, and Simon Fraser Faculty of Health Sciences participated in the event. Jack Thompson and Bud Nicola, Department of Health Services and Northwest Center for Public Health Practice, UW School of Public Health, Laurie Goldsmith, Simon Frasier University Faculty of Health Sciences, and David Patrick, University of British Columbia School of Population and Community Health, served as this year’s chairs.
The Symposium opened Friday afternoon with ten excellent student poster sessions. Jack Thompson from the University of Washington School of Public Health convened the afternoon session with opening remarks from Martin Schechter, Director of the University of British Columbia, School of Population and Public Health; John O’Neil, Dean of the Simon Fraser University, Faculty of Health Sciences; and Patricia Wahl, Dean, UW School of Public Health. There were two plenary presentations on Friday and one Saturday morning covering diverse topics of international interest. These included treating heroin addiction in British Columbia, challenges in measuring health status in the US, and applying complexity systems approaches to addressing the obesity epidemic.
In addition to a wonderful dinner and fellowship on Friday evening, participants were treated to jazz from an impromptu assembly of musicians from symposium participants. All present were amazed at the level of talent – both in terms of musicianship and vocal talent – displayed by participants.
As has been the tradition from earlier symposia, the Saturday session then broke into inter-school break out groups in which faculty and students from each of the universities provided updates and new information to colleagues in the areas of health services research, infectious diseases, population health, global health, aboriginal health, and maternal and child health. The closing sessions summarized the learning from the plenary and breakout sessions. There seemed to be much interest and enthusiasm on the part of all of the participants. The annual symposium on cross-border public health has truly succeeded in bringing together researchers on both sides of the border to in compare best practices and to build international research networks.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
|Students in SOC WF 312/405 spent a day in Vancouver visiting social service agencies and gaining a greater understanding of Canada-US differences in social welfare policy. At the end of the day the students relaxed at the Katmandu Café in Vancouver’s East Side where the owner introduced them to how food is a key component of social activism.|
Stan de Mello has been offering an annual student study-in-Canada opportunity to undergraduates in the School of Social Work since 2005. This year 27 students in SOC WF 312/405 Social Work Policy Practice/Fieldwork Seminar, travelled to Vancouver on 19 February 2009 where they visited numerous social service agencies. This year the courses were co-taught with Blake Kaiser, School of Social Work and Morna McEachern, doctoral candidate, School of Social Work. Morna is also serving as this year’s chair for the annual Canadian Studies Graduate Student Symposium.
Last month seniors from the School of Social Work headed to Vancouver to explore the differences between US and Canadian social services. The two of us, and Blake Kaiser, also with Social Work, accompanied the students.
We were met in Chinatown by Hayne Wai, a University of British Columbia instructor and President of the Chinese Historical Society. He gave us a walking tour of historic Chinatown while sharing his personal history with the students. Hayne introduced us to Alex Liu, executive director of Strathcona Employment Assistance Services, an agency that serves immigrant and refugee population immigrants in the Greater Vancouver. Alex, who is legally blind, described the complexity of being a immigrant with a disability in a leadership role in the Chinese community. We lunched in Chinatown at a vintage Vancouver Chinese village-style restaurant. During lunch Patsy George, CM, OBC, MSW, an inspirational social worker and community activist, spoke to the group. She encouraged the students to frame their daily social work practice within a larger global context.
Next we drove to the Native Education Center. We were welcomed with traditional First Nation singing. Our group was treated to bannock and tea and a tour providing the history of the school. The students exchanged ideas and gifts. The warm welcome, music, art, and architecture (the school is modeled on the traditional long house), were enhanced with moving personal stories. Kathleen MacKay, a social worker who leads a domestic violence prevention at Vancouver Hospital, also spoke to the group.
Finally, we had dinner at the Katmandu Café, on Commercial Drive. Owner Abi Sharma prepared a Nepali feast and described how his café serves as a community action center. An inspiring speech over dinner by David Cadman, Vancouver City Councillor, enlightened the group on issues of social and environmental sustainability and of community organizing and activism on a city-to-city level worldwide.
The students have been creating photo voice essays about the field trip describing how social services are organized and delivered quite differently in Canada. This trip provided a great opportunity to witness a direct international comparison.
This project was supported, in part, by funding from a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
|The Task Force students were extremely fortunate to attend a lecture by former Nunavut premier, Paul Okalik, at a Carleton University alumni event during the Fact-Finding Mission to Ottawa. From left, front row, Nadine Fabbi (co-faculty), Jamie Stroble, Paul Okalik, Alison McKay, Patrick Lennon, Gus Andreasen, Andrew Schwartz. Back row, from left, Marta Schwendeman, Naama Sheffer, Julia Troutt, Kristen Olson, and April Nishimura. Mike Pinder Photography
Patrick Lennon is a newly-minted alumnus of the Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington. He was one of 13 International Studies students enrolled in SIS 495C Task Force on Arctic Sovereignty taught by Canadian Studies Center Associate Director, Nadine Fabbi and Center Affiliate, Vincent Gallucci, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences. After graduation, Patrick plans to work and consider his options for graduate school.
During this past fall quarter, I was faced with the question that awaits every student in International Studies – which Task Force do you want to take? Task Force is our senior capstone project, where we work in groups to write a policy paper about a current issue. When I looked at the list of choices, one jumped out at me immediately – Arctic Sovereignty. It was a topic that I didn’t even know existed, but it encompasses several of my interests including international law and human rights, particularly the rights of indigenous peoples. And so, after an interview in which I correctly answered the entry exam question, that Stephen Harper is the Prime Minister, not President, of Canada, it began.
Most of us came to the course with little knowledge of the Arctic region. We received a brief but intensive introduction to the issues through a series of readings assigned over winter break. In the first weeks of the quarter, our group discussed the issues we had learned about and how we wanted to split up the topics. I was assigned, along with Emily Epsten, to write the chapter on North America and the Arctic. Canada and the United States both have significant interests there, so Emily and I dove in to the wealth of information from governments, academics, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). We chose to focus on the Northwest Passage, which runs through Canada’s Arctic archipelago, and is slowly opening to increased shipping as ice cover melts. The US and Canada dispute the legal status of the Passage, so we thought it would make the most interesting case study for our chapter.
Our thoughts about the Northwest Passage were supported when we visited Ottawa, Canada, as a part of the course. Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade funded this fact-finding mission for the students of the Task Force to enable us to meet with a variety of diplomats, government officials, and NGOs to learn more about their perspectives on Arctic sovereignty issues. While on the Ottawa trip, we heard about the Northwest Passage from every embassy we met with, as well as several Canadian federal departments. This made Emily and I even more certain that although the Northwest Passage is not a dispute that could turn violent, it is certainly the hottest issue for North America in the Arctic.
The Ottawa trip definitely refined our thoughts on the issue, because of the broad variety of perspectives we heard. But the trip was an amazing experience beyond just that. I had never been anywhere so cold, for starters! But we also learned a great deal about Canadian culture and politics. I have Canadian family, which is a large part of my interest in the topic of Arctic sovereignty, but even having grown up visiting Canada often, there was a lot to learn in this beautiful, bilingual capital city.
Since the trip, which took place at the end of January, we have all worked feverishly to write our chapters that, combined, created a 300-plus page report on how to resolve competing interests in the Arctic. Climate change, as it is impacting the Arctic, will affect the rest of the world, so we should all be involved in dealing with it. This course was a great introduction to the problem, and is a good start for exposing more Americans to what is going on in the North.
Task Force has been part of the International Studies major since the program’s inception in 1982. It operates much like a Presidential Commission or other investigating group whose object is to arrive at a set of policy recommendations. Arctic Sovereignty was one of seven Task Force issues offered in Winter Quarter 2009 and only the second Task Force to offer a fact-finding mission abroad to facilitate “on the ground” research. This program was funded, in part, by a grant from Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada and by a Title VI Grant, International Education Programs Service, US Department of Education.
2008 International Canadian Studies Fellow Carl Sander is the Public Programs Manager at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture at UW. His duties often bring him into contact with a wide variety of Canadians, particularly Aboriginal artists and scholars.
The 2008 International Canadian Studies Institute took scholars from universities in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska on a twelve-day trek through business, government, and cultural centers of British Columbia and the Yukon. A total of twelve professors from a wide range of disciplines made the excursion under the excellent guidance of Kevin Cook, Political, Economic and Academic Officer for the Canadian Consulate General in Seattle. Over ninety presentations by mayors, police officers, border security, business promoters, ambassadors, and curators filled each day with a comprehensive overview of how Canada views itself and us.
The days were a lively mix of boardroom debriefings followed by tours. For example, we spent four days on Vancouver Island with visits to a fish hatchery, a plywood veneer mill, the Parliament Buildings, the Royal British Columbia Museum, Maritime Forces Pacific Headquarters, and Butchart Gardens. In Vancouver, our stay coincided with the 18th annual Pacific Northwest Economic Regional Summit, affording us an opportunity to witness how policy is “hammered out” across borderlines to regulate commerce and promote trade.
Three days in the Yukon provided me with a rich resource of contacts for the Alaska Yukon Pacific (AYP) Exposition centennial celebration in 2009. The AYP Exposition was instrumental in the early planning of the UW campus, and its centennial will offer many opportunities for UW to connect with the Yukon once again.
I was struck by the difference between visiting Canada and visiting Europe or Asia. Usually, you return to the States with a vivid sense of North America’s uniqueness. However, a visit to Canada is like a family reunion or seeing a sibling use a tool in a way you’ve never seen before and thinking, “I wonder where s/he picked that up.”
The Burke Museum is evaluating its strategic mission, and the Fellowship provided me with a singular overview of Canadian practices in the field. My report on this subject to our planning committee is sure to inform and increase the breadth of our discussions. I also had the good fortune to meet numerous colleagues and make professional connections that will last a lifetime.
Viewing Indian Treaties from Both Sides of the US-Canada Border
by Alexandra Harmon, Associate Professor, American Indian Studies
Alexandra Harmon, a former attorney for tribes in Washington State, is now an Associate Professor in American Indian Studies and an Affiliated Faculty in Canadian Studies. Harmon is an historian and the editor of a just-released volume published by UW Press, The Power of Promises: Rethinking Pacific Northwest Indian Treaties.
In 2005 – the sesquicentennial of ten US treaties with Indian tribes in Washington – UW’s Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest hosted a conference to consider the significance of those treaties. Deeming it important to include the views of people outside the US, organizers invited Canadian scholars to participate and enlisted the Canadian Studies Center as a conference co-sponsor. Consequently, half the featured speakers were from Canada, and many other Canadians came to listen, including leaders of several First Nations. So stimulating was the ensuing exchange of ideas that it deserved a wider audience. Thirteen of the speakers therefore contributed essays to a volume recently published by University of Washington Press, The Power of Promises: Rethinking Pacific Northwest Indian Treaties.
Seven of the volume contributors – historians, lawyers, and one interdisciplinary scholar – are Canadian university faculty.
The book attests to the great significance of treaties with indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest on both sides of the international boundary. Treaties from the 1800s are the basis for land titles and rights claimed by millions of people in present-day British Columbia, Washington, Idaho, and Montana. They have been the focus of high-stakes litigation, which has confirmed their continuing legal force. And where the colonial governments took land without indigenous people’s consent, as in British Columbia and Alaska, authorities have found it necessary to negotiate new treaties or agreements.
Essays in The Power of Promises also reveal that the influence of developments pertaining to Indian treaties has crossed the forty-ninth parallel in both directions. Nineteenth-century negotiators for the US and the Crown took note of each other's legal doctrines and plans for Indians. Euro-Canadian and Euro-American settlers had similar extra-legal methods of expropriating land. More recently, Canadian courts have adopted principles articulated by US judges in treaty rights cases, and indigenous people in both countries have struggled to educate non-Indian judges about treaty history.
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|Professor Vlad Kaczynski (far left) and several of the students in the course SMA / SISRE 555: Comparative Marine Business in the North Pacific. From left, Ellis Moose, Jennifer Harkins, Anthony Kenne, Dawn Golden, Heather Lapin, Alisa Praskovich, and Jongseong Ryu.|
Professor Vlad M. Kaczynski is with the School of Marine Affairs and the Ellison Center for Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies, and is an Affiliated Faculty with the Canadian Studies Center. He specializes in comparative socio-economic and strategic studies of marine resource use and human activities in the ocean space. His specific interests have to do with polar issues, particularly with respect to changes taking place in the Arctic Ocean.
Marine economic relations in the North Pacific among Canada, Japan, Russia, and the US contribute to growing international economic integration, enhanced commercial cooperation, and collaboration in finding positive resolutions to emerging ocean resource use problems in the northern seas and coastal regions. The Arctic Ocean is increasingly an integral part of such relations and adds to their complexity.
In recent years, the extraordinary retreat of Arctic sea ice has focused renewed attention on the Arctic Ocean as a potential waterway for marine operations, both coastal and regional, and on the possibility of trans-Arctic navigation. With the acceleration of climate change in the Arctic, there is a growing emphasis on studies of marine resources and shipping as they play a vital role in protecting strategic interests of the Arctic coastal states, including Canada, US, Russia, Norway, and Denmark. Each nation must now define and defend its sea borders or claims to sea bottom areas in the Arctic Ocean, including off-shore oil and gas deposits, waterways, coastal lands, islands, and other natural assets.
Recognizing the importance of the region in UW’s academic curriculum, the Ellison Center for Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies and the Canadian Studies Center in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, along with the School of Marine Affairs, launched a graduate research seminar entitled “Comparative Marine Business in the North Pacific” in 2005. The seminar discusses the increasing economic interdependence between countries, changing business opportunities, and strategies adopted by the North Pacific coastal states, and also responds to student demands for more business-oriented courses.
The seminar attracts students from fields as diverse as Political Science, Geography, Global Trade, Transportation and Logistics Studies, Marine Affairs, and Russian Studies. Students develop research skills and study Pacific and Arctic issues while taking into consideration the role of Canada, as well as Canada’s marine relations with the US and other countries.
During Fall Quarter 2008, Meaghan Brosnan, Marine Affairs, studied potential climate impacts on the accessibility of Arctic energy resources and on boundary issues between the US and Canada. Susan Albrecht, International Studies, researched the Canadian Port of Prince Rupert, arguing that transport from this small Canadian community via rail to the US Midwest and Chicago would be considerably shorter than from US ports. Ellis H. Moose and Alisa L. Praskovich, Marine Affairs, also discussed the competitive edge of the Port of Prince Rupert in comparison to other ports, including Yokohama (Japan), Vostochnyi (Russia), and Tacoma.
The course was a great success, offering UW students the opportunity to expand the scope of their research to encompass the Arctic region, as well as to consider Canada’s unique role in the dialogues and disputes over Arctic shipping routes.
|Canadian Studies FLAS students attend the first inaugural Foreign Language and Area Studies Reception for the Jackson School of International Studies. From left, Erin Maloney, FLAS Fellow, Ethnomusicology, French; Daniel Hart, Chair, Canadian Studies; Dvorah Oppenheimer, Administrator, Jackson School; Tim Pasch, FLAS Fellow, Communication, Inuktitut; Julia Miller, FLAS Fellow, Linguistics, Dane-Zaa.|
In Fall Quarter 2008, Natalie Debray, Communication and former FLAS Fellow, provided an independent study to 2008-09 FLAS Fellow, Erin Maloney, Ethnomusicology to enable Erin to gain enhanced language acquisition while developing a stronger foundation in Québec history and culture.
This course examined key readings in Québécois identity construction, paying particular attention to the Québec-France relationship and how this has played in role in Québec nation-building efforts since the 19th Century. This course also provided definitions and concepts germane to Québec identity construction as discussed by significant scholars in the field of Québec studies, including La Survivance, Québecois de Souche, Pure Laine, La Conquete, among others. The aim of the course was to provide a foundation on which to build further research in Québec culture and identity. The course combined seminal readings in both French and English. Discussions of the readings were held in French.
|Cherry McGee Banks while teaching.|
As nation-states throughout the world experience globalization, technological change and increasing mobility, their demographic profiles are changing and reflecting increasing levels of racial, ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity (Sassen, 1999). For example, Canada as a result of political changes during the 1990s, experienced an increase in the number of people immigrating from Hong Kong and other parts of the British Commonwealth (Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 2007). During that same period, the United States also experienced an increase in the number of immigrants from Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean (US Census Bureau, 2008). As democratic nations such as Canada and the United States experience increasing levels of immigration, they must face the challenge of finding ways to maintain national cohesion while creating inclusive societies where people of all groups can experience a sense of belonging and have opportunities to fully participate in the social, economic and political spheres of their societies (Banks, J. A., 2007). In this paper, readers will learn about some of the ways that the United States and Canada have responded to the challenges and opportunities of diversity.
Diversity is embedded in multiple contexts. Those contexts can illuminate nuanced as well as salient ways in which diversity can impact people's lives. Three contexts, the political, legal, and historical, are discussed in this paper. While these contexts do not represent an exhaustive list of contexts in which diversity can be examined and discussed, they provide a template for identifying important issues that can frame a thoughtful comparative analysis of diversity in Canada and the United States. By using a comparative approach to explore how Canada and the US have respond to diversity, students can deepen their understanding of diversity in their own country while gaining new insights on the challenges and opportunities of diversity from a global perspective (Banks, et.al, 2004). A comparative approach can also result in insights and perspectives that can help students become more effective citizens in a changing and challenging global society. When doing comparative analysis of diversity, it is always important to take note of the terms that are used to describe it. For example, even though the term multicultural education is used in Canada and the United States to describe efforts to address diversity, other terms are also used. The term anti-racism is used in Canada, in some ways in opposition to multicultural education, to capture a stronger statement on culture as well as methods and perspectives for reducing racism and promoting tolerance. That term is rarely used in the United States. Instead terms like diversity and inclusion are frequently used in the US as synonyms for multicultural education.
Context is important when exploring issues of diversity because diversity and the issues related to it do not occur in a vacuum. Discussing race, class, gender, religion, culture, language, and other elements of diversity without identifying and acknowledging their multiple contexts can be misleading and result in superficial understandings that do not address their deep meaning. Identifying the contexts that highlight, influence, and shape diversity is an important step in understanding the nature of multicultural education within a nation-state. With that understanding in hand, educators can look beyond their national borders and learn from the experiences that others have had in organizing, implementing, and maintaining multicultural education programs. Exploring global perspectives on diversity without an understanding of its multiple contexts will likely result in frustration, confusion and a sense of being overwhelmed with its complexity. Context grounds discussions on global perspectives on diversity and adds to their authenticity.
The response of Canada and the US to the linguistic diversity within their borders is an example of how the political context can influence public policy on diversity. While there were Native American languages as well as a variety of European languages spoken during the early settlement of colonies in North America, English eventually became the dominant language in modern day Canada and the United States. However, Canada unlike the United States developed an official language education policy that includes self-contained, withdrawal, transitional, and mainstream programs that enable students to maintain their mother tongue (Ashworth, 1992) They also have an official bilingual policy that requires that all official documents are made available to the public in both English and French. The United States has a very different official response to language diversity. Many US politicians fiercely defend speaking English as a marker of an individual's commitment to the United States and their legitimacy for being in the country (King, 1997).
On the surface it would appear that there are stark differences between language policies in the United States and Canada. A close analysis, however, reveals a more complex picture. Students should be encouraged to examine power as a key concept and the following generalization to uncover nuanced elements of language policies in the US and Canada: Economic as well as political power can influence a nations' response to language diversity. In investigating the validity of that generalization students could research Canada's bilingual policy to determine the extent to which it is embedded in concerns about reconciling its linguistic duality brought about in part by the political power exercised by officials in Quebec, where a majority of French speaking Canadian citizens live (Moodley, 2001). They could also investigate the extent to which what is actually happening on the ground in the United States reveals a much more accepting climate for language diversity than statements by politicians suggest. Students could look at the ways in which economic factors are driving businesses in California and the southwest part of the US and Florida to print signs and provide brochures in Spanish, as well as hire bilingual staff. They could also look at the extent to which businesses in Hawaii are providing services in Asian languages.
When the political context of language policies is implicit, its connection to larger societal issues such as economic realities can be concealed and remain unexamined. In that sense, the complexity of language policies is difficult to fully analyze and understand. Examining the political context of language policies, where key concepts such as power can be used to illuminate them and generalizations can be used to compare and contrast policies in different nations states, can deepen students' understanding of the implicit as well as the explicit elements of the issue and the policies related to it.
The Japanese internment in the United States and Canada is an example of the extent to which laws exist within a socio-political context, which can result in gaps between the letter of the law and the ways in which it is implemented. Students can learn how two nations, which pride themselves on being nations of laws, failed to protect the rights of individuals within their borders.
After the Japanese government bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 both the US and Canadian governments interned people of Japanese decent (Daniels, 1981). The internment, however, was not the first act of discrimination directed toward them. Japanese people living in the US and Canada did not have the full protection of the law long before World War II began (Okihiro, 2001). For many years Japanese immigrants were prevented, by law, from becoming citizens in both countries. There were also legal restrictions on their ability to immigrate to the US and Canada. In 1907, the Canadian government limited the number of Japanese immigrants to 400 people a year. The US also used legal measures such as the Gentleman's Agreement to restrict Japanese immigration. In addition, the California Alien Land Law restricted the rights of Japanese to own and lease land. Students can use the key concepts such as prejudice and discrimination to reflect on the following generalization: When sanctioned by law, prejudice can lead to increasing levels of discrimination.
Leading up to the internment, people of Japanese descent living in British Columbia and the Western part of the US experienced increasing levels of discrimination (Okihiro, 2001; Scantland, 1986). Initially they were surveilled by their governments, later their governments required them to surrender cameras, radios, binoculars, and other items that were identified as contraband. Eventually motivated by fear, economic gain, and prejudice, the Japanese were sent to internment camps. Most of the Japanese who lived in Canada in the 1940s lived in British Columbia which was the site of eight internment camps. Sixteen internment camps were established in the US.
In some respects, people on the margins of society are most keenly aware of the gap between the law as an ideal and the reality of the law in daily practice. One way that students can get a sense of that gap is to examine how people on the margins of society as well as other groups describe their experiences with the law and with representatives of the legal system. The law and its enforcers can look one way from the margins of society and quite differently from the top (official) levels of society. Exploring that gap can provide some insights on the law and the ways in which various segments of society view it.
Canada and the US share an important history for people of African descent. During the Revolutionary War, Africans who were enslaved in the United States escaped to Canada in search of freedom. Between 1783 and 1785, Black Loyalists established communities in Nova Scotia where some of their descents remain today (Grant, 1973). Once in Canada some of the Africans left and established communities in Sierra Leone on the west coast of Africa. The story of enslaved Africans who fought with the British during Revolutionary War highlights the importance of freedom for people who were enslaved and the lengths to which they were willing to go to achieve it. The story of these individuals and their experiences however, are not generally discussed in US and Canadian textbooks.
At the end of the Revolutionary War, General George Washington, who would later become the first president of the United States, demanded that the enslaved Africans who had joined forces with the British be returned to their owners. Instead Sir Guy Carleton, the British Commander in chief, agreed to pay the Americans for their freedom and allow them to stay in Canada (Remembering Black Loyalists, 2001). Enslaved Africans had also joined Washington's Revolutionary Army and fought against the British in hope of earning their freedom. The economic value of enslaved Africans coupled with the newly formed and fragile union, which supported slavery, allowed it to continue in the US for almost another 100 years. Students can use key concepts such as change, cooperation, and conflict to reflect on generalizations about the legacy of slavery and the ways in which the past is implicated in the present (Casiani, 2007).
Educators who have an understanding of the ways in which contemporary issues related to diversity are frequently be embedded in an historical context can engage their students in inquiry that can help them uncover and examine elements of their nation's history related intergroup interactions (Banks, C.A.M., 2005). As educators review their curriculum, they should also consider the extent to which students are encouraged to understand and deal reflectively with intergroup conflicts and tensions in their nation's history and in contemporary society. They can use questions such as: Were groups that are currently experiencing conflict in the US and Canada always involved in conflict? Were groups that are now part of the mainstream in the US and Canada always part of the mainstream? The answers to these and similar questions can give students a more complex view of intergroup interactions and provide teachers with some direction for curriculum revision.
The issues covered in this article can serve as a departure point for readers to engage their colleagues in discussions about multicultural issues in the US and Canada. The educational implications of examining issues of diversity in multicultural nation states such as Canada and the United States are complex and cannot be addressed instantaneously. They must be addressed over time. They also benefit from having diverse perspectives raised and examined. This can happen most effectively when a comparative approach is employed. Using a comparative approach for examining multicultural issues within the political, legal, and historical contexts that surround them can reveal important intersections, parallels, and connections between Canada and the United States as well as other nations.
Ashworth, M. (1992). "Projecting the past into the future. A look at ESL for children in Canada." In K.A. Moodley (Ed.). Beyond Multicultural Education: Interrnational Perspectives (pp. 114-131). Calgary: Detselig.
Banks, C.A.M. (2005). Improving multicultural education: Lessons from the Intergroup education movement. New York: Teachers College Press.
Banks, J.A. (2007). Diversity and citizenship education: Global perspectives. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Banks, J.A. Banks, C.A.M., Cortes, C.E., Hahn, C. L., Merryfield, M.M., Moodley, K.A., Murphy-Shigematsu, S. Osler, A., Park, C. and Parker, W.C. () Democracy and diversity: Principals and concepts for educating citizens in a global age. Seattle, WA: Center for Multicultural Education, College of Education University of Washington Seattle.
Brookfield, S.D. (1999). Discussion as a way of teaching: Tools and techniques for democratic classrooms. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Cascini, D. (2007). "The legacy of slavery." Retrieved July 3, 2008 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6456765.stm.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada. (2007) Retrieved, July 10, 2008 from www.cic.gc.ca.
Daniels, R. (1981). Concentration Camps, North America : Japanese in the United States and Canada During World War II. Malabar, Fla.: R.E. Krieger.
Grant, J. T. (1973). "Black Immigrants into Nova Scotia, 1776-1815." Journal of Negro History, 58, (3) pp. 253-270.
King, R.D. (1997). "Should English be the law?" The Atlantic online. Retrieved, July 14, 2008) from http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97apr/english.htm
Moodley, K.A. (2001). "Multicultural education in Canada: Historical development and current status." In J. A. Banks & C. A. M. Banks (Eds.) Handbook of research on multicultural education. 2nd Ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Okihiro, G.Y. (2001). The Columbia Guide to Asian American History. New York: Columbia University Press.
"Remembering Black Loyalists." (2001). Retrieved July 1, 2008 from http://museum.gov.ns.ca/blackloyalists/who.htm
Sassen, S. (1999). Guests and aliens. New York: The New Press.
Scantland, A. C. (1986). Study of Historical Injustice to Japanese Canadians. Vancouver, B. C.: Parallel Publishers Ltd.
US Census Bureau: Immigration Data. (2008). Retrieved, July 11, 2008 from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/immigration.html
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Spring Quarter 2008
Graduate Research Team Explores Sustainability Performance in Canada, the US and Beyond
by Dorothy Paun, Professor and students Sean Cappello, Katie Fulkerson, Laura Pollan, Ravi Manghani, Carolyn Chen, Angie Gaffney, Brianna Noel Hughes, Eric Knoben, Violeta Orlovic, Elizabeth Tran, and Emil Morhardt
|Dorothy Paun and CFR 519 students. Front row: Professor Dorothy Paun, Katie Fulkerson, Liz Tran, Ravi Manghani. Back row: Violeta Orlovic, Laura Pollan, Sean Cappello, Carolyn Chen, Angie Montgomery, Brianna Noel Hughes, and Eric Knoben.|
Dorothy Paun's annual spring quarter research seminar, College of Forest Resources 519: Conducting an Industry Performance Review, provides a forum for UW students to affect positive change. Students unite under a common interest to explore financial, environmental, and social responsibility business activities and performance. The team includes undergraduate, master, and PhD students majoring in business, environmental science, law and a Hubert Humphrey Fellow.
Canada and the US share more than a long-standing, substantial bi-lateral trade relationship, and both share a concern about sustainability. As noted by Pettenger (2007), the Canadian government advocates that “no one country, acting alone, can solve the problem of climate change, but by working together towards a common goal the nations of the world can successfully address the challenge.” To explore cross-cultural dimensions of US and Canadian approaches to sustainability performance reporting, a pilot study was done in 2007. Two primary findings emerged: Canadian firms scored higher social responsibility performance while US firms scored higher environmental performance. Encouraged by these cross-cultural differences, the 2008 research seminar was designed to broaden the context of inquiry to include firms from around the world.
Increasing acknowledgement of climate change, emerging economies, population growth, and consumer awareness and activism have coalesced to make even the most conventional businesses think about new approaches like sustainability. Sustainability is meeting the current needs of people, businesses, and organizations without compromising Earth’s capacity to provide for future generations. This requires balancing environmental stewardship, financial prosperity, and social responsibility, an integration called the “triple bottom line.” Sustainability, previously considered more an ethical issue, has become a “business” issue. Businesses may be hesitant about adopting sustainable initiatives without sufficient information on financial implications like profitability and shareholder value. This research uses a triple bottom line approach in hopes of providing new business insights as well as incentives for more sustainable business practices.
Over the past two years, Dr. Paun’s research has worked on building a quantitative model of triple bottom line performance in order to provide a foundation for operationalizing the constructs of financial (e.g., return on equity, gross profit margin, debt to equity) social responsibility (e.g., occupational health and safety protection, employee equal opportunity, anti-corruption practices, community development and investment), and environmental performances (e.g., renewable energy use, recycling programs, water and waste reduction). The primary goal of her model is to investigate whether sustainable business practices influence corporate financial returns, and, if so, how (i.e., positively or negatively).
The 2008 spring quarter research seminar is in collaboration with Professor Emil Morhardt, Director of the Roberts Environmental Center at Claremont College. Morhardt developed the Pacific Sustainability Index (PSI), an assessment instrument for sustainability performance. From this PSI sample, we chose a sub-sample due for data access and consistency. Our sample consists of 78 firms from 18 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, and the US) and twelve industries (banking and insurance, chemicals, computing and office equipment, electronics, energy, food, forest products, metals and mining, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, transportation, and utilities).
The research findings, if analyses suggest correlations among financial, environmental, and social performance, could provide incentives for corporations to deepen commitments to business practices that lower environmental impacts, enhance corporate social responsibility, and improve shareholder value.
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Spring Quarter 2008
Canada: Morality and Justice in the 21st Century
by Shirley Henderson and LinhPhung Huynh
|Professor Andy Knight (front row), Political Science, University of Alberta, provides Canada’s perspective on humanitarian law in Professor Rick Lorenz (back row) course, SISME 420 International Humanitarian Law. Rick and Andy are joined by the members of the “Canada Team.” From left: Shirley Henderson, LinhPhung Huynh, Erina Aoyama, and Fiona Gillan.|
Morality and justice are frequently discussed norms in SISME 420, a UW course about International Humanitarian Law. Not coincidentally, Canada’s role in promoting humanitarian values has been part of this discussion. Canada is a world leader in promoting and establishing institutions that foster international humanitarian norms, including the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Ottawa Convention to ban landmines.
Erina Aoyama, Fiona Gillan, Shirley Henderson, and LinhPhung Huynh did extensive research on Canada’s leadership in the aforementioned international institutions for their SISME 420 class presentations. As part of their research, the students met with Professor Andrew Knight of the University of Alberta. Professor Knight stressed Canada’s strength as a “norm entrepreneur.” He stated that Canada is heavily involved in many organizations, treaties, and conventions that promote human security as a norm. This is especially important as human security becomes increasingly threatened by the changing face of conflict in the 21st century, leaving women, children, and the unarmed vulnerable.
Canada and other medium-sized states are rallying the world around these moral standards. In contrast to the United States’ use of hard power, Canada believes in the effectiveness of soft power, motivating others through ideas, values, and persuasion. This is an important lesson for the future of US foreign policy as soft power is proving itself increasingly effective, showcased in the achievements of the ICC and the Ottawa Convention.
Professor Andy Knight’s visit was made possible by funding from the University of Alberta and the Center’s US Department of Education, Title VI grant.
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Spring Quarter 2008
Urban Design and Planning Course Studies Vancouver Models
|Vancouver city planners and community leaders take their Seattle counterparts and UW students in the Urban Design and Planning course on a tour of Vancouver's historic Chinatown.|
Dan Abramson, Assistant Professor in Urban Design and Planning, led his class in Urban Design and Planning 470: "Introduction to Urban Design," to the Historic Chinatown of Vancouver, BC, on Friday-Saturday, April 25-26. Sixteen out of 20 enrolled students in the course attended, most of them at the Masters level. The class was accompanied by representatives from the City of Seattle Department of Neighborhoods, the Seattle Chinatown-International District Preservation and Development Authority, and the International District Housing Alliance, as well as postdoctoral visiting scholar from Israel.
The activity was the latest in a series of exchanges Professor Abramson has coordinated between the Chinatown communities of Seattle and Vancouver, and groups of students from the UW. The exchanges have focused on how preservation and revitalization planning and policy for historic Chinatowns in North America can better include the perspectives and experience of ethnic Chinese immigrant associations.
On this exchange, UW and Seattle visitors toured a number of Vancouver's historic Chinatown Society Buildings, heard presentations by the Society owners, by the Vancouver city planning staff on policy for Chinatown, and by Canadian architects Sandra Moore and Inge Roecker on preservation and rehabilitation design strategies for the buildings. The Canadians completed this round of the exchange by visiting Seattle in early June and making presentations to a larger Seattle audience.
This field course to Canada was made possible, in part, from a Center Program Enhancement Grant, Foreign Affairs, Canada.
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|Three generations of UW’s Native Voices Program graduate students at the 6th Annual Native Voices Film Festival|
The Canadian Studies Center was pleased to be able to partner with the Native Voices Program and the United Indians of All Tribes Foundation to present the 6th Annual Native Voices Film Festival, an event that featured many First Nations guests, films and filmmakers. The four-day event, that ran from February 28th through March 2nd, featured the premiers of five new films and included a special honoring of the life and works of Native filmmaker Phil Lucas.
All of the new Native Voices films had a powerful cross-border focus dealing with issues that strongly affect both Canadian First Nations and Native American communities. Thursday evening saw the premiers of two new works: Frybread Babes by Steffany Suttle, an intimate new film that speaks about Native women, body image and identity; and, In Laman’s Terms: Looking at Lamanite Identity by Angelo Baca, a provocative work that explores the impacts that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and the Book of Mormon had on native peoples and communities.
On Friday, three new films premiered. History Lessons, by Clark Miller, explores how Native peoples are excluded from North American history, and how media and popular culture create the “Indian of the white imagination.” Travels Across The Medicine Line by former Canadian Fulbright scholar, Lyana Patrick, is a historical and contemporary look at the impact of the Canada-US border on Indigenous nations – the border has severed ancient ties to families, ceremonies and homelands. Finally, Reclaiming Our Children: a Story of the Indian Child Welfare Act, by Marcella Ernest, is a powerful new documentary that tells the story of the wholesale separation of Indian children from their families, one the most destructive and tragic aspects of Native life today.
Highlights of the festival were the events honoring the life of Phil Lucas (1942-2007), the acclaimed Choctaw filmmaker who sadly passed away this year. Over the course of his 30-year career, Phil produced many remarkable works, many of which were filmed in Canada in First Nations communities and had tremendous international impact influencing an entire generation of filmmakers. Phil was a pioneering voice in indigenous media, one of the first Native Americans to take control of the camera in an industry where Native voices are rarely heard.
The festival screened a number of Phil’s films. Healing the Hurts (1989) tells the story of adult survivors of Indian Residential Schools who gathered at Alkali Lake, British Columbia to attend a four-day intensive workshop on healing the hurt and shame of the boarding school experience. The attendees this healing ceremony accepted the camera and crew as participants in the process, resulting in the creation of this powerful film. Voyage of Rediscovery (1990) tells the moving story of Frank Brown, who as a young Heiltsuk Native boy of Bella Bella, British Columbia, found himself in trouble with the law. In an agreement between family and judge, traditional Heiltsuk law was applied and he was exiled from his village to a remote island for eight months. As a result, his life was transformed and he eventually led a canoe project, which helped to restore a sense of pride to his people. Finally, The Honor of All (1987) was screened, a groundbreaking work that tells the true story of the Alkali Lake Band of Indians in British Columbia and their successful struggle to conquer alcoholism in their remote community. The 1987 docu-drama won the prestigious international public television INPUT award and inspired Native recovery movements around the world.
What was especially exciting and rewarding about this year’s festival is that many of the First Nations participants of Phil’s films were able to come down for the screenings of their works. Andy and Phyllis Chelsea, and Fred and Irene Johnson of the Alkali Lake Indian Band, were able to respond to questions about The Honor of All, and Frank and Kathy Brown of the Heiltsuk Nation were able to answer questions about Voyage of Rediscovery. On Sunday, there was an inspiring memorial service for Phil Lucas at Daybreak Star Cultural Center, with hundreds of people from the US and Canada in attendance.
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French Professor Writes Award-Winning Novel Based In Québec
by Denyse Delcourt, Associate Professor, French and Italian Studies
|Denyse Delcourt, Gabrielle and the Long Sleep into Mourning (translated by Eugene Vance). Los Angeles: Green Integer, 2007|
Denyse Delcourt is an Associate Professor in the Division of French and Italian Studies. She has been teaching at the University of Washington since 1990. Other teaching experiences include Queens (Canada), Emory, Northwestern and Duke universities. Her teaching interests are Old French language and literature, contemporary Québécois literature and French fairy tales.
For someone who is trained to do literary analysis, writing a novel is like "crossing to the other side." Creative fiction has often been compared to walking through a dark and unfamiliar road using a flashlight. With only a bit of the road illuminated ahead one has to walk slowly, hesitantly and sometimes fearfully. For a scholar, writing fiction can be a very humbling experience.
In preparation for this novel I spent a month doing research at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Montréal. Since my novel is set in Québec during the fifties I needed to get a better sense of the period. What was happening in Québec at the time? What did people listen to on the radio? What did they eat and drink? What did they wear at school, funerals, weddings, etc.? To find answers to these questions, I consulted numerous newspapers and magazines published in Montréal between 1939 and 1955, books on etiquette, and text books used in French-Canadian elementary schools during the forties and fifties. The Bibliothèque Nationale in Montréal has an impressive collection of such materials. It was a pleasure to spend time doing research in this venerable institution.
Before I start writing fiction, I always do an outline. Even though I know by experience that the order I set for the chapters and even the role I am assigning to any given character may change along the way, I find it very useful to organize the materials beforehand.
When I was working on Gabrielle I never told myself that I was writing a "novel." That would have been too overwhelming. Instead, I followed Anne Lamott's wonderful advice to fiction writers by taking it "bird by bird." What I was writing every day was only a "bird;" that is, a small piece of a novel, a fragment or a scene. That kept me going until the accumulation of fragments was ready to be called a novel.
A word about the English translation – Eugene Vance did a remarkable job translating my novel. It is very close to the original, and beautifully done. For those who cannot read French I highly recommend it.
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From Poutine to P-Patches: Learning From Canadian and US Food Policy Councils
by Branden Born, Assistant Professor, Urban Design and Planning
Branden Born is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban Design and Planning. He studies land use, planning process, and urban food systems. He is a member of the American Planning Association’s Food System Planning Committee and the Seattle-King County Acting Food Policy Council.
|Branden Born is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban Design and Planning.|
The Canadian Studies Center recently co-sponsored a City of Seattle Transformational Lecture Series event that focused on food systems and an increasingly important governance tool known as a Food Policy Council (FPC). Wayne Roberts, the project director for arguably the most advanced FPC in North America, the Toronto Food Policy Council was the featured speaker. His talk was followed by a panel discussion that I served on along with fellow Canadian Herb Barbolet, representing Vancouver’s FPC, and Steve Cohen from the City of Portland and the Portland-Multnomah FPC.
Roberts' lecture focused on ways that food and cities and their residents interact, and how food systems – the people and processes that produce, process, market, distribute, consume, and dispose of food – can be tools of economic development and community empowerment. The lecture focused on the projects of the Toronto FPC.
Since there aren't any city departments of food, FPCs have functioned as multi-stakeholder advisory bodies to government. Their suggestions address issues of food access, nutritional adequacy, economic impacts of food systems, environmental effects of food-related choices, and more. From the provision of healthful foods through grocery stores and farmers' markets, to developing and protecting community gardens, to closing resource loops through composting and food rescue, cities have a hand in making sure their residents have food security or, access to culturally appropriate, nutritionally adequate food through non-emergency sources at all times. And while the Toronto FPC is a pioneer, urban planners and policy makers are turning to FPCs with growing frequency: in the last few years the number of food policy councils in North America has doubled to approximately 70. There are now nine separate efforts at different stages of development in Washington alone. Roberts and the panel discussed the many strategies of their councils and fielded questions from an enthusiastic audience that filled City Hall’s Bertha Landes Room.
The importance of food policy to cities and metropolitan areas is a focus of my graduate course, Urban Planning and the Food System, which was offered at the UW through the Department of Urban Design and Planning in the fall term. Using examples from Canada, the US, and beyond, the course explores food production, global trade, social justice and food access, environmental sustainability, and urban policy formation. Roberts also joined former students and college faculty for a presentation and discussion the day after his lecture downtown. Students from the class have helped conduct research in support of Washington's Local Farms, Health Kids legislation. They have also assisted the City of Seattle, the Acting Food Policy Council, and local farmers' markets with service learning research projects.
Seattle, with its P-Patches and progressive-thinking government is an urban leader along with a handful of other cities in the US when it comes to food policy, and yet knowledge sharing across state borders both north and south is pushing food policy understanding and development into new areas for all involved.
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Expanding Cross-Border Partnerships at the Northwest Center for Public Health
by Jack Thompson, Director, Northwest Center for Public Health Practice
|Jack Thompson, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, chaired the Population Health symposium.|
Jack Thompson is the Director of the Northwest Center for Public Health Practice at the University of Washington and a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Health Services. He is the Principal Investigator for the Northwest Center for Public Health Preparedness Program, supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He is also Co-Principal Investigator for the Public Health Training Center supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration. Jack has been on the faculty of the School of Public Health and Community Medicine since November of 1994.
For the first decade or so of its existence, the Northwest Center for Public Health Practice (located within the UW School of Public Health and Community Medicine) defined itself in terms of the Northwest United States. Strong relationships were formed with state and local public health organizations and with tribes in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming. But it wasn’t until the first Cross Border Preparedness Conference, held in Vancouver, British Columbia in April 2004, that we truly became a Northwest Center – as partnerships developed with public health researchers in British Columbia and other Northwest provinces. This conference (now in its fifth year, with a meeting scheduled for Bellingham in May 2008) gave rise to another successful cross-border collaboration – the Research Symposium, a collaboration originally between the U.W. School of Public Health and the University of British Columbia’s Department of Health Services and Epidemiology.
There have been three symposia to date and I have had the honor of coordinating each of them in collaboration with colleagues from the University of British Columbia and – this year – Simon Fraser University. The first symposium was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, in Fall 2005. The second was held a year later on the UW campus. The third symposium, now including Simon Fraser University, was held last January in La Conner, Washington, at a conference facility. Eighty faculty and students from the three universities attended the two-day event.
The first day was highlighted by a keynote speech from Dr. Clyde Hertzman, Director of the Human Early Learning Partnership in the College for Interdisciplinary Studies at the University of British Columbia that highlighted comparative health status information from British Columbia and Washington State. This led to lively discussion about the similarities in demographics of the populations but significant differences in the organization of health and health care – and in health outcomes. The second day consisted of discussions in eight break-out groups that picked up where Clyde’s remarks left off. The groups focused on Population Health, Global Health, Health Services Research, Maternal and Child Health, Infectious Disease Control, and Indigenous Health Issues. Faculty and students from the three institutions came up with action plans for each group that hopefully will lead to further collaborations in the Northwest in the coming year. Areas of interest across the groups included collaborative approaches to student practica, the possibility of developing joint degree programs across the schools, development of common sets of health indicators that could be tracked over time, joint presentations at upcoming conferences, and collaborations on specific research projects. Summaries of the breakout discussions were presented in a closing session facilitated by Dr. King Holmes, Chair of the Global Health Department at the UW.
This has been a very rich and valuable experience for me. In the coming year the Northwest Center and our partner universities will track progress on these collaborations. As always, we will look for opportunities to incorporate such planning, discussions and expanding partnerships into our work. We are already looking forward to the Fourth Research Symposium in 2009.
The annual symposia are supported, in part, by funding from the Center’s US Department of Education, Title VI grant and by a Foreign Affairs, Canada Program Enhancement Grant.
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|School of Social Work students pause for a group photo in Vancouver where they were able to compare Canadian social work approaches with US models (far right, Stan de Mello).|
Stan de Mello teaches in the School of Social Work and takes students on regular field trips to Canada (British Columbia and Alberta) to explore social work practices across the 49th parallel. Stan is interested in community-based practice in First Nations communities and cross-cultural social work in Canada. The course is co-taught with Blake Kaiser also with the School of Social Work. As a clinical social worker Blake has a keen interest in how social work practice has evolved in Canada. She has been involved in several field trips to Vancouver that have enriched her teaching and research interest in cross-border social work practice.
This past Winter Quarter Blake Kaiser and I took 21 students from the School of Social Work to Vancouver, British Columbia, on a field trip. We wanted the students to explore the multicultural roots that bind our two nations and to compare social work approaches across the 49th parallel.
After crossing the border we headed to Chinatown where we were met by our host, Hayne Wai, President of the Historical Society of Chinatown. Hayne is an instructor with University of British Columbia’s School of Social Work and is on the faculty of Education. In addition, he has been a long-time community activist in Vancouver. This was a historically opportune time to visit Chinatown as one hundred years ago Vancouver was rocked by race riots. The city was founded in the early 1900s as destination for Asian and European communities who arrived to make a new life. (Of course, First Nations people were already well established on the West Coast.) The riots were the result of a history of anti-Asian sentiment. For example, the Asiatic Exclusion League protested the presence of migrants from China, Japan and India. In 1907 the Labour Day weekend march rapidly deteriorated into violence and extensive property damage in Chinatown and Japantown. The origins of these riots can also be traced to Bellingham where earlier five hundred Punjabi workers were attacked by white protesters in an effort to drive them back into Canada.
Our group was able to retrace some of the key sites of the riot and visit Shanghai Alley and Canton Alley that were the economic and cultural centers of the early Chinese community. Hayne described how subsequent waves of Asian migration (including a moving account of his own family’s experiences) left unique contributions to the social and cultural fabric of the city. At the same time the stress and strains of multiculturalism have given rise to the ongoing challenges to both Canadian-born and immigrant populations. Our tour continued with a wonderful lunch in Chinatown and then a visit to the eastside of the city and a tour of Britannia Community Center, a multi-purpose social service facility. Once again we examined how contemporary social services approaches have been mediated by our respective social, cultural and political contexts. Our visit concluded with a dinner at the Katmandu Café where we heard from Vancouver Hospital social worker Kathleen Mackay, explaining how the hospital works on issues of domestic violence within a multicultural context.
In reflecting upon their visit, students seemed impressed with the diversity and differences between our countries as well as many similarities that both enrich and challenge us.
“The trip was amazing! I was surprised at how large and culturally expressive their [Vancouver’s] Chinatown was especially as I am a resident of Seattle’s international district … What I found most useful … was the group talk we had … about the current status of Canada’s racial and political positioning.” – Joshua Johnson, student participant
“Prior to our visit I was completely unaware of the deep rooted history the Chinese have in Canada … I hope that what I have learned from this trip to Canada will continue to motivate me to become a better social worker and a better person.” - Suzanna Chen, student participant
Funding - This field course to Canada was made possible thanks to a Canadian Studies Center Program Enhancement Grant from Foreign Affairs, Canada.
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|"Professor Debray’s lectures and in-class discussions on Québec illustrated how language can shape histories and identities. It was moving to experience the evolution of our class from a textbook environment into a study of how people communicate their values and interact with one another… and what is at stake for those individuals, communities and nations."
- James-Olivia Avigail, double major in Humanities and English in the Evening Degree Program
Stan Natalie Debray earned her doctorate in Communication at the UW in 2007 and also holds an MA in International Studies. Her area of expertise is International Communication with an emphasis on media and cultural identity, intercultural communication, and communication and international relations. Her dissertation compared Canadian and Québécois media coverage of significant historic events to determine their influence on cultural and political identity. Natalie has received numerous awards including a Foreign Language and Area Studies award from the Center to study French and Québec culture and history.
How do Canadian and American citizens differ in their values? Is the French spoken in France the same as the French spoken in Québec? These are just some of the questions raised by students this quarter in the course, COM 478: Intercultural Communication.
The course examined the theoretical components of Intercultural Communication by putting the spotlight on our Canadian neighbors. The students are often quite surprised at how different Canadians and Americans really are. Through dynamic examples gleaned from my years traveling and researching Québec and Canada, I let the students know that we do not have to look very far to experience a completely different world. Multicultural and bilingual Canada is fertile ground for studying cultural diversity.
Set against the backdrop of globalization, the course examined the various ways that culture influences communication; how cultural identity is formed, and how this knowledge can foster an appreciation of diversity while creating savvy and culturally competent communicators. The students especially appreciated the lectures on history and language, where I used the concept of diaspora to illustrate how the vastly different histories of Canada and Québec contributed to the Canadian society that exists today – and the conflict that this has often engendered. For example, the students learned that Canada recognizes two distinct Canadian histories, one English and one French, and Canadians are often at odds over who really 'discovered' Canada.
The course also placed a particular emphasis on the importance of language and cultural identity. The students learned why the fight to preserve the French language in Québec is so important. Even Starbucks was no match for Bill 101 – the influential and strict language law designed to preserve the French component of Québec Society. The students were quite surprised to learn that homegrown Starbucks had to alter its well-known moniker if it wanted to open a store in historic Québec. Known as Café Starbucks Coffee, the coffee shop looks similar to one you would see in Seattle, but the French flair of its name gives some indication of the significance between language and culture.
For these students, mixing a little bit of history with a taste of cafe au lait has been a superb way to learn about Intercultural Communication.
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Researching Endangered Languages in British Columbia
|Mike Abou, native speaker of Tsek’ene, and Sharon Hargus, working together in Fort Ware, British Columbia, Summer 2007.|
Sharon Hargus, a professor in the Department of Linguistics, just had her book, Witsuwit'en Grammar: Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology published by University of British Columbia Press (2007). The book summarizes her research on the word-level grammar of Witsuwit'en (a.k.a. Wet'suwet'en), a language of the Athabaskan (or Athapaskan) family spoken in Smithers, British Columbia and neighboring communities. Witsuwit'en, a dialect of the Babine-Witsuwit'en language, is closely related to the better-known Carrier language spoken to the east. Witsuwit'en is endangered, with less than 200 native speakers left that are 55 years of age or older.
Hargus also recently received a $250,000 grant from the National Science Foundation for a project entitled, "Athabaskan Personal Histories of Climate Change in Alaska and Canada," (2007–2010). With this award, she has begun the next phase of research on Witsuwit'en, sentence-level grammar. The award also allows her to continue her research on two other Athabaskan languages: Tsek'ene (or Sekani), spoken in the Rocky Mountain Trench area north of Prince George, British Columbia, and Deg Xinag, spoken in western central Alaska on the Yukon River and one of its tributaries, the Innoko River. Tsek'ene and Deg Xinag are also endangered. Tsek’ene has about 20 native speakers remaining, ages 60 and older, and Deg Xinag has seven native speakers remaining, ages 72 and older. One of the goals of the current grant is to extend the documentation on each of these Athabaskan languages in the area of syntax and texts. This fall Hargus was engaged in fieldwork in British Columbia in Fort Ware and the Smithers area, where she collected narratives about climate change in these two areas of northern British Columbia from speakers of Tsek'ene and Witsuwit'en.
Hargus's doctoral student Julia Miller has been involved in research on Beaver, an Athabaskan language closely related to Tsek'ene, since 2003. Miller’s field research on Beaver tone, lexicon and verb paradigms is supported by the Volkswagen Foundation. Miller is currently in her third year of a Foreign Language and Area Studies fellowships for Beaver language and culture study awarded through the Canadian Studies Center.
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|Funding – The course received significant funding from a National Science Foundation Grant, Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship entitled, “Multinational Collaborations on Challenges to the Environment,” and from a Center Program Enhancement Grant from Foreign Affairs, Canada.|
Professor Tom Hinckley spent seven days (September 16th to 22nd) with UW students exploring issues of land management and stewardship in the face of bark beetles, climate change, fire, invasive organisms, and legacies of failed or inappropriate land management approaches. These factors have combined to produce major environmental issues in both countries. However, the perception and solutions to these problems vary depending upon national and regional differences and how land is owned or allocated and managed. The course focused on the environment around Loomis, Washington and Kamloops, British Columbia where students had the opportunity to see these problems first hand and to talk with a wide variety of stakeholders.
The students spent their first day walking into Horseshoe Basin in the Cascades and into the heart of the 2006 Tripod Complex Fire and in the remaining days met with 13 different stakeholders. On the Canadian side of the border representatives from the Kamloops Indian Band, the British Columbia Ministry of Forestry, the City of Kamloops Parks and Recreation, Sun Peaks Resort and the Thompson River University all provided presentations.
The breadth of the perspectives made a marked impact on the students. “I was inspired by John Jules,” said Joanne Ho, a graduate student participant from Forest Resources. (John Jules is the Director of Cultural and Natural Resources for the Kamloops Indian Band.) “I thought it was great how he looked at each issue as separate, and understood the complexity of how each issue is intertwined with the whole problem … In his words, there is something positive in everything if one chooses to see it that way. I am very impressed by that and inspired to think of ways to deconstruct borders, given the constraints we face.”
The course provided the students with insights into the challenges of decision and policy-making in a bi-national ecosystem and how differing Canadian and US values and laws can impact the effectiveness of environmental management.
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|Funding – This course was made possible, in part, thanks to funding from the Center's Québec Pacific Northwest Initiative Grant, Québec Government, Canada.|
Régent Cabana has more than 20 years of experience in international academic programs and international relations either as an officer for the foreign service of the Québec Government or as a coordinator of academic programs abroad. He is the Program Director of URBANA and NEXOPOLIS, two consortia of universities in Mexico, Canada and the United States that support student and faculty exchange programs abroad. ?The College of Architecture and Urban Planning is the recipient of a four-year Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE).
The six universities of this trilateral consortium include Université Laval in Québec City and Ryerson University in Toronto, Canada. The consortium NEXOPOLIS is developing a comparative program of study in the area of central city revitalization. The program allows students from the United States, Canada, and Mexico to become knowledgeable in the area of comparative urban studies with regard to central city revitalization and related issues while working toward completing their degrees in Mexico or Canada. The grant included a field course to Québec.
This past summer, Professor Fritz Wagner, Chair, UW Landscape Architecture, and I, and eleven UW students from diverse disciplines such as urban planning, landscape architecture and architecture studied a variety of urban issues in Montréal, Québec City and the Charlevoix region. We met professors, government officials and other urban experts for lectures, tours and discussions during a 10-day study tour of the province of Québec.
The course, L ARCH 495: Comparative Urban Planning and Design—Canada and the US, examined similarities and differences between cities in the two nations. The students looked more particularly at current urban issues confronting communities in Québec. They studied the physical layout of cities, urban design, urban growth, problems related to the environment, governmental institutions as well as historical, social and cultural factors specific to Québec cities.
By the end of the program, students had gained a new perspective of Québec and Canada as well as a better understanding of economic, political, social and cultural differences between the two countries—all key factors in making decisions relating to urban planning. They now possess a wider perspective from which to think creatively about solutions to improve urban living conditions in our neighborhoods, cities, regions, and countries. The students also gained access to a wide network of academic and professional contacts on urban issues in Canada and the United States better preparing them to enter the North American job market.
Congratulations to the following students Architecture?who received $200 scholarships from the Center’s Pacific Northwest Québec Initiative Grant, Québec Government, to participate in the program, Eriko Kawamura and Christopher Sung-Hey Kwong (Architecture); Becky Chaney, Brian Gregory, Christine Plourde and Eric Streeby (Landscape Architecture); Ming-Yi Hsu and Nicholas Kindel (Urban Design and Planning); Joyce Chen and Calder Danz (Anthropology); Myles Brenner (Political Science).
“Understanding how history (the relationship between French and English in Canada) has influenced the city structure and development is my biggest gain from this Québec Studies trip and will influence my future studies.” ?— Christopher Sung-Hey Kwong, Architecture
|Canadian Studies Center|
|University of Washington|
|Thomson Hall, Room 503|
|Seattle, WA 98195-3650|
|T (206) 221-6374|
|F (206) 685-0668|