|►||Center in the Media|
|►||Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium|
|►||Annual Graduate Symposium|
|►||Canada Study Tour|
|►||FLAS Guidelines & Applications|
|►||Former FLAS Fellows|
|►||Bachelor of Arts in Canadian Studies|
|►||University of Alberta|
|►||Arctic Task Force 2013|
|►||K-12 Study Canada Flyer|
|►||K-12 Outreach News|
|►||News from the UW Library|
|►||Annual Awards Report|
|►||Annual Activity Report|
President Young Signs UW Arctic Minor!
Québec Scholar, Thierry Giasson, Presents on the 2012 Québec Student Demonstrations
Arts & Sciences Grant Supports First Interdisciplinary Graduate Course in Arctic Studies
Inaugural Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies speaks at Canadian Consulate
Welcome Thierry Giasson, Québec Visiting Scholar at the University of Washington!
|Arctic Studies Interdisciplinary Minor featured in Perspectives
The UW College of Arts and Sciences newsletter, Perspectives, just did a story on unique interdisciplinary minors at the UW. The Center's proposed Arctic Studies minor, an interdisciplinary minor with School of Oceanography, is one of the minors featured in this story. More ...
Canadian Studies Plays a Key Role in the UW Future of Ice Initiative
Fulbright Roundtable on the Arctic: Regulatory Processes & the Role of Canada’s Inuit in Shaping the Arctic Council
Foodland Security Exhibition: Urban Inuit Access to “Country Foods”
K-12 STUDY CANADA Receives $20,000 Library of Congress Grant
New Canada Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies at U.W.
UW National Resource Center Awarded a $750,000 Mellon Grant
Center Awarded Government of Québec Grants
Center Receives Fund for the Arts Grant for Foodland Security Exhibition
Canadian Studies Center, February 2014 Report
President Young Signs UW Arctic Minor!
by Naqiah Azhar, from The Daily, February 4, 2014 Issue, University of Washington
The proposal for a new interdisciplinary minor in Arctic Studies by the Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, College of Arts and Sciences, the School of Oceanography, and College of the Environment has been approved.
Vincent Gallucci, chair of the Canadian Studies Center in the Jackson School and director of the Center for Quantitative Sciences in the College of the Environment, said the minor initiative, the first of its kind outside of Alaska, is part of a larger mission to educate students on the globe-spanning social and ecological impacts of climate change affecting the poles of the planet.
“It’s absolutely the right timing, if not even late, to be trying to learn as much as possible about those poles — what will happen to them and what will be the consequences for the rest of the world,” Gallucci said. “Training students to be knowledgeable and capable of working in these environments is a major function of a university.”
The lead-up to the proposal for the minor introduced four courses starting Winter 2014 available under the new ARCTIC prefix in the UW course registration catalog. The establishment of the minor will give undergraduate students the opportunity to obtain the relevant skills with the objective of tackling major science and policy issues in the Arctic.
Nadine Fabbi, associate director of the Canadian Studies Center, said that training experts for the future is important in order to deal with this critical emerging region.
“[Access] to new resources are opening up, shipping lanes are opening up, indigenous peoples are working with nation states on decision making for the Arctic region,” Fabbi said. “All those are new things that are occurring.”
The Canadian Studies Center has had an Arctic initiative for more than a decade and had become involved with the University of the Arctic, a collaboration of universities, colleges, and organizations with an interest promotion research and education in the Arctic, in 2008. The partnership with the University of the Arctic in the minor initiative means that UW students can engage in arctic-subarctic research collaboration apart from taking up courses offered by the northern network of institutions. Fabbi added that being a part of the University of the Arctic network offers UW students the opportunity to be involved in a global virtual university. “It’s a terrific opportunity to be involved with students from around the circumpolar world. Students can be a part of a network that’s really trying to build a regional identity through education,” Fabbi said.
In a 2010 report by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, minimum Arctic sea ice extent observed each September has diminished by a 12 percent average per decade compared to the 1979-2000 average. As climate change continues to alter the polar landscape and environment, unmeasurable shifts in the social, economic, and political foundations of populations in the circumpolar region require the attention of the social sciences. The Arctic studies interdisciplinary minor will be an educational intersection of policy, culture and science while simultaneously addressing the opening up of the emerging region on an extensive international scale.
“The nature of the minor is trying to offer a perspective on the Arctic that includes both the natural sciences and social sciences,” said senior Walter O’Toole, an English major who is interested in Inuit literature. “Any student interested in policy and natural sciences should definitely look into [pursuing] the minor.”
Fabbi also talked about the relevance of major science and policy issues at the Arctic gaining place in academic instruction.
“One of the beauties of this minor is that we designed it in such a way that it isn’t a stand-alone. There are electives from 20 different departments. [The minor] is meant for students to build on their major but also to look at it through the lens of the Arctic,” Fabbi said.
View original article from The Daily here: http://dailyuw.com/archive/2014/02/04/news/new-arctic-studies-minor-approved#.UvKDEUJdW1J
View Arctic Minor Website: http://www.jsis.washington.edu/arctic/minor/
The Arctic Minor Steering Committee co-chairs Nadine Fabbi, Canadian Studies Center; Vincent Gallucci, Canadian Studies Center and School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences; Rebecca Woodgate, Co-Chair, Applied Physics Laboratory and Oceanography; and, Jody Deming, Oceanography wishes to thank the members of the Arctic Minor Steering Committee for their time and dedication in putting together the application for the new minor and courses. A special thanks to Ben Fitzhugh, Anthropology; Gary Hamilton and Don Hellmann, Jackson School of International Studies; Clare Ryan, Program on the Environment and Environmental and Forest Sciences; and, LuAnne Thompson, Oceanography and Program on Climate Change.
Canadian Studies Center, December 2013
Québec Scholar, Thierry Giasson, Discusses the 2012 Québec Student Demonstrations
by Annie Banel, Graduate Student, Evan's School of Public Affairs, Student Assistant, Canadian Studies Center
Thierry (second from left) with Denyse Delcourt (left), Hedwige Meyer & Alex Price, all with French & Italian Studies; and, Lucy Jarosz, Geography.
On November 26, 2013 Thierry Giasson, our visiting Québec Scholar, presented his talk “Québec Student Strikes of 2012: Red Squares, Fair Shares, and Boycotts.” Giasson expressed his fondness for the University of Washington, calling it his “academic home away from home.” Giasson said that the strikes were a traumatic experience for him and that as a university professor, Giasson had “zero distance” yet he was compelled to find a way to talk about the strikes.
Giasson drew on his research background in political marketing, strategic communication by political parties, and framing in his analysis of the strikes. He focused on how government communications evolved during the crisis through a content analysis of 229 government statements from November 2011 to August 2012. Giasson included all government press releases during the crisis, media coverage of the government’s reactions to ongoing events, as well as government responses presented during Parliamentary debates in the Québec National Assembly were included in his content analysis. Giasson argued that the government’s shift from describing the demonstrations as “strikes” to calling them “boycotts” was one example of how the PLQ adjusted its narrative of the problem to its advantage.
Giasson’s presentation aimed to answer the provocative question of whether the government wanted the crisis to continue. Giasson argued that from a political marketing perspective, the crisis was in fact an example of well-managed wedge politics. Giasson argued that the PLQ used the crisis to prepare the electoral field with wedge politics. Giasson points out that Charest’s only television ad, 1.5 months before the election, should have been counted as an electoral ad as the ad did not talk about the tuition issue but rather communicated the government’s sense of responsibility. Through his content analysis of government communications, Giasson concluded that through their framing of the problem the government was able to control the agenda in a way favorable to them, polarize the electorate on an issue, and present the PLQ as strong on law and order as well as strong on the “right to education.”
Thierry Giasson is Associate Professor in the Information and Communication Department at Université Laval in Québec City. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Montreal. Dr. Giasson is the principal investigator of the research group in political communication (GPCR) from Université Laval. He is also an associate researcher at the Institute of Information Technology and Society at Université Laval and the Centre for the Study of Democratic Citizenship (CSDC) from McGill University. Thierry served as the Center’s Québec Visiting Professor in 2006-07.
This event was made possible, in party, by Title VI grant funding from the Office of Postsecondary Education, International Education Program Services, U.S. Department of Education; and by a Québec Academic Initiative Grant, Government of Québec.
Canadian Studies Center, December 2013 Report
Arts & Sciences Grant Supports First UW Interdisciplinary Graduate Course in Arctic Studies
Two students from the course - Elle Roelofs, Education (far right) and Jason Young, Geography (next) - meet with Alexina Kublu, former Language Commissioner for Nunavut, Mick Mallon, Inuktitut instructor, and Robyn Davis, FLAS Coordinator (back) to learn more about Nunavut and the Inuit language.
In Fall Quarter 2013 the Center – in conjunction with College of the Environment and the Future of Ice initiative – offered a graduate course on the Arctic entitled, The Arctic as a Global Emerging Region.
As a result of climate change, the Arctic is fast becoming a region of considerable scientific and geopolitical interest. In the Arctic, global warming is occurring at twice the rate of the rest of the planet – for the first time in history we will witness the emergence of a new ocean. At the same time, the Arctic is a focus for global geopolitics with unique characteristics including the prominence of environmental security and, the effective role of Arctic indigenous peoples in international affairs. The Arctic is now a top foreign policy priority for Canada, Russia, the Scandinavian countries and the United States as well as for sub-national entities such as Québec and Alaska. Even China, Japan, Singapore, India and the Republic of Korea now have a role on the Arctic Council. The Arctic is a paradox – it serves as the global barometer for climate change while presenting new ways forward in global geopolitics. How do we understand the complexities of this “new” global region?
This seminar explored the Arctic as an emerging region in the 21st century from a variety of perspectives – climate and ocean change, human rights, changes to the cryosphere (sea ice, permafrost, glaciers), indigenous concepts of Arctic territory, fisheries management and economics, community security (education, health, housing and food), international customary law, past human-environmental dynamics, global geopolitics, resource extraction and environmental ethics, and the interactions between the Arctic indigenous peoples and state entities in the policy dialogue.
The course was structured to facilitate the writing of research proposals for the Arctic Research Fellowships. Eighteen students (nine from the College of Arts and Sciences and nine from the College of the Environment) attended a weekly seminar. In each seminar a panel of UW faculty or researchers, local artists, the Canada Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies and even guest speakers from Canada presented on their research or artistic work as it concerns the Arctic as a distinct region. This seminar marked the first time that UW students – and faculty – had the opportunity to see the wealth of activity that is occurring in Arctic Studies at the UW. “This was a real eye-opener for me,” one student commented.
Speakers included Cecilia Bitz, Atmospheric Sciences; Kristin Laidre, Oceanographer, Applied Physics Laboratory, Polar Science Center; Sven Haakanson, Department of Anthropology and Burke Museum; Marc Miller, School of Marine and Environmental Affairs; David Fluharty, School of Marine and Environmental Affairs; Terrie Klinger, School of Marine and Environmental Affairs; Sandy Parker-Stetter, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences; Maria Coryell-Martin, Expeditionary Artist; Michelle Koutnik, Department of Earth and Space Sciences; Tony Penikett, Canada Fulbright Visiting Chair in Arctic Studies; Peter Geller, University of the Fraser Valley; Nadine Fabbi, Canadian Studies Center, Jackson School of International Studies; Jennifer Marlow, UW School of Law; Fran Ulmer, Chair, U.S. Arctic Research Commission; Jody Deming, Oceanography and Astrobiology; Axel Schweiger, Applied Physics Laboratory, Polar Science Center; Saadia Pekannen, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies; Vince Gallucci, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences and Canadian Studies; George Hunt, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences; and Chris Anderson, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences.
Panelist discussions covered a wide-range of perspectives on the Arctic region including the salience of Inuit political mobilization, how the Age of the Arctic compares with the Rise of Asia, fisheries management as fish stocks move north, sea ice biology and the role of marine microorganisms in ocean ecology, and the impacts of climate change on Alaskan communities and on tourism in the north, to mention just a few of the subjects addressed. Students were asked to attempt to incorporate new content beyond their own disciplines into their understanding of the Arctic as a distinctive region.
The students each gave presentations on an area of research concerning the Arctic that was of keen interest to them. These areas of interest included Québec’s Arctic policy, the role of the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, the role of Asian countries on the Arctic Council, Canadian government policy concerning funding for Arctic research, use of new technologies by the Inuit civil society organizations to further community goals, impacts of climate change on the boreal forest and on ice modeling, and differing concepts of ice (Western scientific vs. indigenous). Some of the students may apply for an Arctic Research Fellowship – a program open to any UW graduate student.
The Arctic Research Fellowships provide a $5,000 award to about eight UW students working on research that addresses the Arctic as a distinct world region in area studies. Students are encouraged to examine the Canadian, Russian or Scandinavian Arctic regions, or analyze interest in the Arctic by Asian countries, from an interdisciplinary perspective (natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, arts). The funding is provided by an Arts and Sciences grant awarded to the Canadian Studies Center with co-PIs from the Program on Climate Change and Atmospheric Sciences.
The course was taught by a faculty team including lead instructor, Ben Fitzhugh, Anthropology; Jody Deming, Oceanography; Nadine Fabbi, Canadian Studies Center; Vincent Gallucci, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences and Canadian Studies; and, Christine Ingebritsen, Scandinavian Studies and West European Studies.
For more about the course and Arctic Research Fellowships, visit http://www.jsis.washington.edu/arctic/grad/
This course and the research fellowships are made possible thanks to a grant from the College of Arts and Sciences for the project entitled, Re-imagining Area/International Studies in the 21st Century: The Arctic as an Emerging Global Region to enable the Canadian Studies Center – in partnership with the Center for West European Studies, Ellison Center for Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies, Center for Global Studies, and East Asia Center (all in the Jackson School), Anthropology and Scandinavian Studies, Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences, Oceanography, Program on Climate Change, and the Quaternary Research Center – to take the first steps in building a Graduate Certificate in Arctic Studies at the UW.
From left, Vincent Gallucci, Chair, Canadian Studies; Resat Kasaba, Director, Jackson School; Jeff Riedinger, Vice Provost, Global Affairs; Tony Penikett, Fulbright Arctic Chair; Judy Howard, Divisional Dean, Social Sciences; Nadine Fabbi, Associate Director, Canadian Studies.
The Canadian Consulate in Seattle was at capacity on Oct. 24 for Vancouver-based Tony Penikett’s talk on “Where is the Arctic, who lives there, what are their security interests.” Penikett is the inaugural Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies at the University of Washington.
The talk coincided with the proposed University of Washington’s Arctic minor (http://www.jsis.washington.edu/arctic/), an interdisciplinary program to be housed in the Canadian Studies Center at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, College of Arts and Sciences, the School of Oceanography, College of the Environment, in collaboration with the University of the Arctic.
Posted around the room were maps of the Earth with the North Pole situated in the center. From this point of view it becomes apparent why the Arctic Council of international stakeholders has formed to collaborate on issues such as food security, land claims, and conservation. The Arctic Council is composed of eight member countries and six indigenous groups with permanent participant status.
For his talk, Penikett focused on Alaska and Canada’s northern territories.
The United States and Canada have historically approached the Arctic in different ways, Penikett said. For example, the U.S. has focused on national security and Arctic stewardship whereas Canada has focused on Arctic sovereignty. Penikett noted that Canada has put more of its resources toward forming communities instead of bolstering defense forces.
For Canada, where indigenous peoples make up half the population in Arctic regions, major concerns include food insecurity, health and education. For the Inuit, who live mostly above the tree line in Canada, 10.8 percent are food insecure. Climate change and ice melt are likely to make it increasingly difficult for the Inuit to hunt and fish for subsistence. In the Yukon, where commercial hunting and fishing used to be given first priority, subsistence users now have the first claim, followed by recreational users, and finally commercial users, Penikett said.
The health of people living in the Arctic is a concern. Suicide rates are high, especially for ages 15-24. Penikett referred to studies that found more self-government protects against suicide and pointed to indigenous groups who are finding new ways to educate their children.
Tony Penikett's presentation at the Canadian Consulate.
The education of indigenous people in the Arctic region has a dark history. From the late-1800s into the early 1900s, the United States and Canada both forced indigenous children to attend residential boarding schools away from their families and traditions. Today, the concept of residential schools has seen a resurgence, but with a major difference: the schools are run by the indigenous communities they serve. In 1989, Mt. Edgecumbe in Sitka, Alaska, opened as a boarding school for rural high school students. Most students attend college after graduating. The school keeps students connected to Alaska Native traditions and students can return home on weekends, Penikett said.
Many areas of the Arctic are desirable to oil companies. One controversial location for potential drilling is the range of the Porcupine caribou in Alaska and Canada. The animal is the primary sustenance for the Gwich’in indigenous people, and there is uncertainty about the effects of drilling on the herd’s population.
Penikett said that as more sea ice melts and new channels of transportation open up in the Arctic, it is likely to increase tensions regarding unsettled land claims, including the Beaufort Sea, located north of Alaska and Canada.
Vincent Gallucci, director of the Canadian Studies Center, praised Penikett for sharing his insights on the Arctic and said the lecture will become an annual event. “It’s important to study these issues in an interdisciplinary fashion,” he said.
About the Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies
The Arctic Chair position - the first in the nation - is for Canadian scholars, scientists, practitioners or community/political leaders to conduct research at the University of Washington, teach the new ARCTIC 401 course for the Arctic minor, present a public lecture on the Arctic, and engage with UW colleagues on various Arctic initiatives. The application deadline for the 2014-15 academic year is Nov. 15, 2013. Apply: http://www.fulbright.ca/how-to-apply-canadian-visiting-research-chairs/
The UW Canada Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies is sponsored by the UW Office of Global Affairs; Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies; Social Sciences Division, College of Arts and Sciences; College of the Environment; and, the Foundation for Educational Exchange Between Canada and the United States. The Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, serves as the hosting unit for the Canada Fulbright Chair.
The event was hosted by the Canadian Consulate General, Seattle and the Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies.
Thierry arrived in October and will be visiting the Canadian Studies Center for two months. He will dedicate the time to framing the study of online political behaviors in Québec and Canada. He will be working on two projects during his stay here at the University.
The first project looks at how political parties in Québec and France campaigned online during their last legislative and presidential elections (respectively) in 2012. He will be working on two articles while in Seattle. The first will be a paper version of a talk he gave in Stockholm in September on social media use within online campaign strategies. The second deals with online users's demands, expectations and evaluations of what parties provide online during elections. Thierry will also travel to the University of Wisconsin-Madison to give a talk on this project in the Communication Department at the invitation of Professor Dhavan Shah. He will also be drafting two panel proposals on online campaigns for the International Political Science Association's meeting in Montréal in July 2014. This comparative project will end next year with the production of a book dedicated to these two election campaigns.
The second project investigates online citizenship in Canada. Thierry looks at how Canadians use online technologies to engage politically and experience their citizenship. The study will be carried over the next 4 years (2013-2017) and Thierry will be working with his colleagues on their first phone survey which should go in the field around this November. A short visit to the University of Phoenix, at the invitation of Professor Karen Mossberger, is also planned for Thierry.
Thierry Giasson is Associate Professor in the Information and Communication Department of the Université Laval in Quebec City. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Montreal. Mr. Giasson is the principal investigator of the research group in political communication (GPCR) from Laval University. He is also an associate researcher at the Institute of Information Technology and Society (ITIS) at Laval University and the Centre for the Study of Democratic Citizenship (CSDC) from McGill University.
The Arctic Studies minor builds from the foundation laid by the Task Force on Arctic Affair. Michael Brown and Nicolas van Tulder in the 2013 Task Force in Québec City, Canada.
Arctic & International Relations is a Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies (JSIS)-wide initiative, led by the Canadian Studies Center since 2008, to address the Arctic as an emerging global region and actor on the world stage. JSIS and the Center are working in partnership with a parallel initiative, Future of Ice – a College of the Environment, College of Arts and Sciences, and Applied Physics Laboratory initiative – to enhance the University of Washington’s (UW) profile in research, education and public engagement about the polar regions.
Canadian Studies Center, June 2013, Report
Fulbright Roundtable on the Arctic: Regulatory Processes & the Role of Canada’s Inuit in Shaping the Arctic Council
by Melissa Croce, Intern, Jackson School of International Studies
From left, Consul General of Canada, Denis Stevens, and presenters Tony Penikett, Sari Graben, and Vincent Gallucci.
The Canadian Studies Center, in collaboration with the Consulate General of Canada, Seattle, the Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation, Toronto, the sponsors of the Canada-U.S. Fulbright Chair, and the UW Future of Ice initiative, hosted the annual Fulbright lecture and roundtable on current insights into decision-making in the Arctic.
On May 30, scholars, students, and interested citizens gathered at the University Club, united by an interest in the increasingly complex topic of the Arctic. Organized by the Canadian Studies Center, the event discussed the Arctic in terms of scientific, legal and indigenous frameworks. Presenters included Sari Graben, 2012-13 Canada-US Fulbright Chair, Tom Axworthy, President and CEO of the Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation, Toronto and respondents Tony Penikett, 2012-13 Jackson School Visiting Scholar, and Vincent Gallucci, Chair, Canadian Studies Center and professor in Aquatic and Fishery Sciences.
Sari Graben focused on the increasing role of scientists when developing and implementing international law relating to the Arctic. “My research is focused in how the use of expertise affects law,” said Graben, “and how we understand how science affects international relations.” There are several nations that lay claim to areas of the Arctic – the United States, Canada, Russia, Greenland and Norway – each of which must submit proposals to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. Nation states are increasingly utilizing science to supplement their claims and strengthen their arguments for why they deserve more land. “The delineation of the Arctic shelf tells us something about when states are motivated to manage consensus and when they’re not. When they have this type of mutual beneficial interest in coming to a consensus, then they will exercise it,” said Graben. “They are looking for a common story that serves them all.”
While Graben focused on the legal and scientific relations of the Arctic, Tom Axworthy’s lecture focused on the political and indigenous frameworks of the Arctic, particularly concerning the Arctic Council. Established in 1996, the Arctic Council is an intergovernmental forum to promote coordination and cooperation among the Arctic states to help protect the Arctic and the indigenous communities who live there. Member states of the Arctic Council are Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States.
Using the Arctic Council as an example, Axworthy discussed the three steps, or, “lessons” as he called them, on how to induce change in the international system. In relation to the Arctic Council, Axworthy described its origins with Mikhail Gorbachev who recognized the need to discuss the Arctic as an environmental region of concern in international politics. Gorbachev referred to the Arctic as a “zone of peace” in his famous Murmansk Speech (1987
The Arctic Council, thanks to successful indigenous internationalism, is the first international fora to include indigenous peoples on almost equal par with nation-states. With the subject of the Arctic becoming increasingly prominent in today’s international society, the Council is more prominent, becoming more involved in international affairs and helping to negotiate treaties and laws to protect the Arctic.
This event was made possible, in part, by Title VI grant funding from the Office of Postsecondary Education, International Education Program Services, U.S. Department of Education; and, the Chapman Charitable Fund.
The UW Canada Fulbright Chair is sponsored by the UW Office of Global Affairs; Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies; Social Sciences Division, College of Arts and Sciences; Graduate Fund for Excellence & Innovation, Graduate School; and, the Foundation for Educational Exchange Between Canada and the United States.
For information on the event and copies of papers: http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/outreach/contextualizingarctic.shtml
Canadian Studies Center, June 2013, Report
Foodland Security Exhibition: Urban Inuit Access to “Country Foods”
by Emily Yu, Student Curator, UW Undergrad
Foodland Security, a photography exhibit by Inuk artist, Barry Pottle from Canada’s Nunatsiavut, was on display in the Allen Library through the month of May.
Emily Yu, student curator, poses beside one of Pottle’s Foodland Security photographs.
In May, the U.W. was honored to host the exhibition, Foodland Security, by Inuit photograher, Barry Pottle. Foodland Security is about the challenge of Inuit in urban settings to gain access to “country food” or food from the land. Pottle’s work focuses primarily on the Inuit community in Ottawa including cultural activities and images that reflect Inuit identity. His goal is to explore the robust Inuit community in Ottawa and to highlight its richness and vibrancy.
The exhibit included 15 images or photographs including images of food from the community freezer, the preparation of food, cutting caribou, preparing Arctic char. “Still Life” features a piece of char and muktaaq or whale meat. “After the Cut” includes two Inuit cutting knives – the ulu – and a scarp of caribou meat on cardboard. “Muktaaq” illustrates the natural design of the meat. “I wanted to capture elements of the food we eat as Inuit in southern Canada,” says Pottle, “and the way we have adapted to our environment and life.”
I have been extremely privileged to be an intern for the Foodland Security exhibition. I have been in the fortunate position of being able to meet and communicate with the people integral to the success of the exhibit. Every one of them led me to think of the exhibition from a different perspective – Barry Pottle provided the core of the exhibit, Nadine Fabbi gave me direction and focus, the U.W. Allen Library staff helped me think of the logistics and setup of the exhibition. Even the people who stopped to talk to me about the exhibit as they were passing by the Allen Lobby provided me with a new understanding of the whole process. This has not only given me many important experiences outside of a classroom setting, but has also nurtured my ability to look at things from a different, bigger perspective, something I have no doubt will be valuable in the future.
Viewing a photo exhibition from the inside has allowed me to appreciate the amount of thought and effort that goes into every step of the process. Every single detail, from choosing a font and layout for the image descriptions to confirming the dimensions of a shipped package, needs to be considered and planned out in advance. Not only must these factors be well thought out, but there also needs to be efficient and clear communication about them to every person involved in the process.
Barry Pottle is an Ottawa-based photographer originally from the Inuit region of Nunatsiavut, Labrador (Rigolet). He has a BA in Aboriginal Studies from Carleton University. Pottle uses photography to give focus to issues currently facing Inuit.
Emily Yu , student curator for Foodland Security, is an undergraduate student at the University of Washington. She is interested in pursuing a career in the fields of Art and Psychology.
The Foodland Security exhibition was made possible by funding from the Canadian Studies Center’s Title VI grant allocation from the Office of Postsecondary Education, International Education Program Services, U.S. Department of Education; a Fund for the Arts Grant from the Association of Canadian Studies in the United States; the Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium; the UW Native Organization of Indigenous Scholars; the UW Libraries; the Ontario Arts Council; and, the Future of Ice Initiative.
Canadian Studies Center, March Report, 2013
K-12 STUDY CANADA Receives $20,000 Library of Congress Grant
by Tina Storer, Education and Curriculum Specialist, Center for Canadian-American Studies at Western Washington University
According to The Economist, “the resource-rich Arctic is changing faster than anywhere on Earth, and its biggest transformation is just ahead. Due to climate change, the polar ice cap is shrinking and floating summer ice is projected to disappear altogether, setting alarm bells ringing for environmentalists, but opening up new perspectives for trade and development.” In order to meet future challenges, it is vital that today’s students learn more about issues already at play in the Arctic so it is timely, indeed, that the Pacific Northwest National Resource Center on Canada (a University of Washington-Western Washington University consortium) was recently awarded a $20,000 Teaching with Primary Sources (Western Region) Grant by the Library of Congress to offer a 2-1/2 day professional development workshop for K-12 educators called “Archives on the Arctic: Connecting to Global Issues with Primary Sources”.
The professional development workshop program will be held in Denver, CO in June 2013 on the campus of the Metropolitan State University of Denver (MSUD) in partnership with TPS Western Division staff, so that K-12 social studies and science teachers from throughout the western United States can be trained about cultural and environmental challenges in the circumpolar north as well as about the use of Library of Congress and the World Digital Library archival materials.
Tina Storer, Education and Curriculum Specialist at WWU’s Center for Canadian-American Studies, submitted the grant proposal because the NRC on Canada has developed a strong reputation for K-12 outreach related to the circumpolar north. She will serve as the project director. Nadine Fabbi, Associate Director of UW’s Canadian Studies Center, has extensive expertise and experience on the topic so she will offer three presentations that provide workshop participants with the foundation for teaching about complex historical, cultural, environmental and geo-political issues related to the north. Additional instruction will be offered by Teaching with Primary Sources Program staff and their teacher-associates to introduce participants to a rich reservoir of digitized primary source materials. Instructional tools for actively engaging students in historical inquiry and developing primary source-based curricula for posting on the TPS Western Region and K-12 STUDY CANADA websites will also be shared.
At least twenty leaders in education from across the western United States with experience or interest in performing outreach, including K-12 STUDY CANADA teacher-associates, will be invited to participate in the workshop. A travel stipend will be offered to all and their accommodations, 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches and 1 dinner will be covered by the grant, contingent on participants’ development of curricula and/or performance of additional outreach in their home states.
According to the grantors, the impressive potential for extended outreach was a key factor in the proposal’s success. In addition, because the interrelationships between the US and Canada are particularly pronounced in the Arctic—whether the topic is geographical boundaries, indigenous cultures, resource exploitation, transportation or political conflicts—classroom instruction inevitably leads to this important cross-border relationship and, as such, is a “natural fit” for an NRC on Canada-Library of Congress collaboration. It is hopefully the first of many to come.
“STUDY CANADA,” the Pacific Northwest National Resource Center on Canada’s annual professional development workshop, has been offered by the Center for Canadian-American Studies at Western Washington University for the last 34 years serving educators from almost every state in the nation. The Institute is funded, in part, by a Title VI grant from International and Foreign Language Education, Office of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Department of Education. Paulette is a Humanities and World Language Teacher in the Ida B. Wells School for Social Justice and a U.W. graduate student in Education, Curriculum and Instruction (Multicultural Education). View the K-12 STUDY CANADA website.
The Center's Arctic Initiative will work with colleagues across campus to further develop partnerships with Inuit organizations in the Arctic such as the Makivik Corporation in Arctic Québec (Nunavik). Charlotte Guard, Arctic Security Task Force student (far right) with Joë Lance, Executive Assistant to the President of the Makivik Corporation, and Kitty Gordon, Communications Officer, Makivik Corporation, Québec City (January 2013).
The new Canada Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies is part of the Center’s Arctic Initiative as well as part of a larger initiative on the polar regions being developed by the College of Arts and Sciences, College of the Environment, and Applied Physics Laboratory.
The Fulbright Arctic Chair will enable the UW to capitalize on its existing strengths to become a world leader in integrated multidisciplinary research, scholarship and teaching on the science, policy, and cultures of the polar regions. UW already has an unparalleled research and teaching program in the science of the cryosphere, and a vibrant and successful program in Arctic social sciences and policy.
The Center is working with the Quaternary Research Center, Program on Climate Change, Program on the Environment, and the Applied Physics Laboratory, to create a new academic program in Arctic studies, a scholars program for graduate students, postdoctoral and visiting scholars, and a strategy that ensures the flow of knowledge between the University and stakeholder communities in the polar regions including Arctic indigenous organizations and peoples. These partnerships establish meaningful linkages between natural and social scientists in an effort to address some of the most challenging environmental, economic and social issues of our time.
A Fulbright Chair in Arctic Studies will bring scholars, practitioners and indigenous leaders from Canada to the U.W. The Chair will teach a required course for the new Arctic Minor (now in development), provide the annual Fulbright Lecture focused on emerging issues and developments in the Arctic region, and assist the two colleges in building collaborative relations with Arctic scholars, scientists, and indigenous organizations.
Joël Plouffe, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, is the incoming U.W. Québec Visiting Professor for 2012-13.
The Canadian Studies Center was awarded $45,000 from the Government of Québec under the Québec Visiting Professor Grant and Québec Unit Grant.
The Québec Visiting Professor Grant will enable Joël Plouffe, Research Fellow, Center for the United States and Center for Geopolitical Studies, Raoul Dandurand Chair of Strategic and Diplomatic Studies, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, to serve as the U.W.’s 2012-13 Guest Professor from Québec. Joël will co-teach the Task Force on Arctic Policy, Plan Nord and Plan Nunavik, provide the Québec Visiting Professor Lecture, and co-chair a symposium on Québec’s role in the Arctic.
The Task Force is the flagship course for International Studies majors in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies. In Winter Quarter 2013 about 14 U.W. students and two Inuit students from Nunavik, Québec will be part of a team that will write a policy report on the unique relationship between Québec and the Inuit of Nunavik in governing the northern region of the province. Joël will co-teach and co-led the class to Ottawa for a one-week research intensive with Nadine Fabbi, Canadian Studies Center.
Joël will also work with the Center to plan a two-day Arctic symposium focused on Plan Nord assessing the successes and challenges of implementation, the unique relationship Québec has with its northern peoples, and the value of Plan Nord as a model for regional Arctic policies internationally. Québec is unique in that two-thirds of the province constitutes the north, a region twice the size of France. The area is extremely important to the Québec economy. Québec’s north produces three-quarters of Québec’s hydro and provides the majority of the province’s nickel, zinc, iron ore, and much of its gold. It is also home to 120,000 northern residents over one quarter of whom are indigenous peoples including 10,000 Inuit.
In 1975 Cree, Inuit and Québec government signed the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement (JBNQA) to resolve disputes over hydroelectric development in the north. Under the terms of the Agreement the Makivvik Kuapuriisat (Makivik Corporation, ᒪᑭᕝᕕᒃ ᑯᐊᐳᕇᓴᑦ) was formed to administer the compensation funds. According to Jackson School alum, D. Maltais (McGill), “The Inuit have transformed themselves into a strong political actor within Québec and have successfully contested either the legality or the legitimacy of different political and economic projects, giving Québec little choice but to sit down and negotiate so that their rights may be respected and their demands may be heard” (paper presented at the 2011 ACSUS conference, Ottawa). This is certainly evident in a new citizen movement in Nunavik advocating that Inuit support for Plan Nord be withdrawn. These complex issues will continue to unfold as Plan Nord is revised and implemented. These are the challenges that will be addressed at the 2013 University of Washington-l’Université du Québec à Montréal’s Plan Nord Symposium.
The Québec Unit Grant, the second grant awarded to the Canadian Studies Center, will enable the Center to build a stronger teaching and research program in Québec Studies at the U.W. The Center, in conjunction with Urban Design and Planning, College of Built Environments, will create a Québec Unit building on preexisting Québec research, study and programming strengths at the U.W. The Québec Unit will develop four priorities programs: 1) host a symposium on Plan Nord as part of the Center’s Arctic policy studies initiative; 2) enhance URBDP 498 Comparative Urban Planning and Design, an annual joint offering between U.W.’s Urban Design and Planning, l’Université Laval, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, and University of Montréal; 3) create a grant program for U.W. student study-in-Québec opportunities; 4) and, create a Québec research site on the U.W. Libraries and Center websites and purchase collections related to the project.
To achieve these goals Canadian Studies and Urban Design and Planning will build on existing interuniversity collaborations (l’Université Laval, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, and University of Montréal); intra-university partnerships (College of the Environment, Department of French and Italian Studies); and, the Center’s Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowship program that supports Québec-based research and French language acquisition.
Fritz Wagner, Urban Design and Planning, and Nadine Fabbi, Canadian Studies Center, are co-PIs on both the Québec Visiting Professor Grant and the Québec Unit Grant.
Funding for the Québec Visiting Professor Grant and the Québec Unit Grant are provided by the Government of Québec, United States University Grant Program.
Barry Pottle celebrating Inuit Day at the Ottawa Inuit Children's Centre, Ottawa, Spring 2012.
The Canadian Studies Center was just awarded an Association for Canadian Studies in the United States (ACSUS) Fund for the Arts Grant to host an exhibit on food sovereignty by Inuk photographer, Barry Pottle. The Fund for the Arts Grant will enable the Center to host the exhibit Foodland Security in Spring Quarter 2013. The exhibit reflects various kinds of country foods including implements used in its preparation.
Barry is an Inuk photographer, originally from Rigolet, Nunatsiavut. He lives in Ottawa and identifies as an Ottawamuit (Inuit from Ottawa). Given that the Inuit culture is closely tied to food, acquiring country food for personal consumption has been a challenge for Inuit and urban Inuit living in major Canadian cities. Foodland Security is a photo-based project stemming from this idea of access to and the securing of country food.
In Spring 2012 Barry was the keynote speaker for the all-day forum, Canada and the United States in the Arctic: Past Successes, Future Challenges where he presented slides of Foodland Security. Barry wrote about his visit to the UW in the Summer 2002 edition of Nunatsiavut Silatâni. Find the article on page 5 here.
Foodland Security received financial support from a grant from the Ontario Arts Council and will be co-sponsored by the Pacific Northwest Canadian Studies Consortium, also the recipient of a 2012-13 Fund for the Arts grant from ACSUS.
The ACSUS Fund for the Arts grant program is designed to stimulate U.S. academic institutions to organize symposia, roundtables, conferences, public lectures and authors’ appearances in literature, the performing and visual arts, with the aim of promoting Canada through cultural events. For more information, visit http://www.acsus.org/display.cfm?id=311.
|Canadian Studies Center|
|University of Washington|
|Thomson Hall, Room 503|
|Seattle, WA 98195-3650|
|T (206) 221-6374|
|F (206) 685-0668|